Safety and Efficacy of Recommended Antimalarial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Efficacy and Safety of Artesunate-amodiaquine and Artemether-lumefantrine in the Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Lead SponsorGovernment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Intervention/TreatmentArtesunate-amodiaquine [amodiaquine (102330), artesunate (39525)] Artemether-lumefantrine [artemether (112966), lumefantrine (110582)]
Despite all efforts, malaria remains a public health concern, in particular in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The National Malaria Control program recommends artemisinin-based combination treatments (ACTs), in particular artesunate-amodiaquine or artemether-lumefrantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Previous studies indicated that ACTs are still effective, with efficacy above the required threshold of 90%. It is required to assess regularly the efficacy of antimalarial drugs. I In case of increasing failure rates, alternative options can be decided ontime.
The purpose of this trial is to assess efficacy and safety of artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ Winthrop®) and artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem Dispersible®) at day 28 in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in six surveillance sites around DRC.
This is a phase IV, randomized, open label, 2-arm trial. It will be performed in six malaria sentinel site around the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Children aged 6 to 59 months with confirmed Plasmodium falciparum uncomplicated malaria will be enrolled after informed consent granted by a parent or guardian. They will be randomized to receive either artesunate-amodiaquine or artemether lumefrantrine during 3 days (directly observed treatment) and then followed up until day 28. At each visit, clinical examination will be done and malaria testing as well. Hemoglobin level will be measured on recruitment day and then every two weeks until day 28.
Artemisinin-based combination treatment
Artemisinin-based combination treatment
Tablets containing 25 mg of artesunate and 67.5 mg of amodiaquine: one tablet daily for three days for children weighing 4.5 to 8 kg, and tablets containing 50 mg of artesunate and 135 mg of amodiaquine: one tablet daily for three days for children weighing 9 to 17 kg.
Tablets containing 20 mg of Artemether and 120 mg of Lumefantrine. Each dose to be taken with high-fat food or drinks (for example milk). One tablet twice daily for children weighing 5 to <15 kg, two tablets twice daily for those weighing 15 to <25 kg and three tablets twice daily for those weighing 25 to < 35 kg, for three days.
Inclusion Criteria: children aged 6 to 59 months monoinfection with Plasmodium falciparum with asexual parasite count of 2,000 to 200,000/µL axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 °C ability to swallow oral medication ability and willingness to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study and to comply with the study visit schedule; informed consent from a parent or aguardian living within the study catchment area Exclusion Criteria: presence of general danger signs in children aged under 5 years or signs of severe falciparum malaria according to the definitions of WHO; body weight < 5kg hemoglobin level < 5g/ dL or hematocrit < 15% presence of severe malnutrition presence of febrile conditions due to diseases other than malaria (e.g. measles, acute lower respiratory tract infection, severe diarrhoea with dehydration) or other known underlying chronic or severe diseases (e.g. cardiac, renal and hepatic diseases, HIV/AIDS); regular medication, which may interfere with antimalarial pharmacokinetics; malaria treatment within 2 days prior to recruitment history of hypersensitivity reactions or contraindications to any of the medicines being tested or used as alternative treatment