Title

Zanamivir Treatment of Vascular Permeability in Dengue (ZAP-DENGUE)
Zanamivir Treatment of Vascular Permeability in Dengue (ZAP-DENGUE): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Phase

    Early Phase 1
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Status

    Not yet recruiting
  • Intervention/Treatment

    Zanamivir ...
  • Study Participants

    74
ZAP-DENGUE is a pilot randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the safety and efficacy of five days of intravenous zanamivir treatment to treat vascular permeability syndrome which is the main cause of death in dengue fever.
ZAP-DENGUE is a pilot randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the safety and efficacy of five days of intravenous zanamivir treatment to treat vascular permeability syndrome which is the main cause of death in dengue fever. Our central hypothesis is that zanamivir treatment is safe in patients with dengue infection, will significantly decrease serum sialic acid levels, and will result in fewer patients with the development of moderate or severe clinical plasma leakage. 74 male and non-pregnant female volunteers age 7 years and older from Colombia with a diagnosis of dengue fever with warning signs or severe dengue as per the World Health Organization 2009 definition with the presence of fever and positive rapid test for the presence of dengue non-structural protein-1 (NS1) will be randomized to zanamivir versus placebo. In the treatment group, all participants weighing less than 50 kg will receive 12 mg/kg and all participants weighing 50 kg and above will receive 600 mg as the initial dose intravenously every twelve hours for 5 days adjusted for renal function. In the placebo group, participants will receive placebo normal saline solution intravenously every twelve hours for 5 days.

All patients will receive blood draws for assessment of hematocrit, renal function, and biologic efficacy endpoints and clinical evaluation of signs and symptoms of vascular permeability (which may include ultrasound and radiograph) and adverse events daily during the five days of medication administration and once at follow up at 14 days.
Study Started
Sep 01
2022
Anticipated
Primary Completion
Aug 30
2023
Anticipated
Study Completion
Aug 30
2023
Anticipated
Last Update
Jun 09
2022

Drug Zanamivir

Intravenous zanamivir

Other Placebo

In the placebo group, participants will receive placebo normal saline solution intravenously every twelve hours for 5 days.

Zanamivir Experimental

In the treatment group, participants weighing less than 50 kg will receive 12 mg/kg and those weighing 50 kg and above will receive 600 mg as the initial dose intravenously every twelve hours for 5 days adjusted for renal function.

Placebo Placebo Comparator

In the placebo group, participants will receive placebo normal saline solution intravenously every twelve hours for 5 days.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Provision of signed and dated informed consent form.
Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study.
Male or female, aged >7 years
Willingness to receive intravenous medication and be willing to adhere to the medication regimen
Have a diagnosis of dengue by dengue NS1 rapid test
Have had a documented fever >38C in the last 24 hours.
Have dengue with warning signs as per the 2009 WHO criteria including one of the following: abdominal pain or tenderness, persistent vomiting, clinical fluid accumulation, mucosal bleeding, lethargy, restlessness, liver enlargement over 2 cm, augmented hematocrit, thrombocytopenia or severe dengue defined as dengue with severe plasma leakage leading to dengue shock and/or fluid accumulation with respiratory distress; severe hemorrhage; severe organ impairment (hepatic damage, renal impairment, cardiomyopathy, encephalopathy or encephalitis).
Enrollment in EPS (Entidadas Promotoras de Salud) or Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud (SGSSS)- Colombian Public Health Insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnancy or lactation
Children in Care of the state
Patients who are unlikely to survive 48 hours
Elevated alanine aminotransferase ≥3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin ≥2 × ULN
Unstable cardiac disease or arrhythmia at baseline
History of significant cardiac disease
Treatment with another investigational drug or other intervention within 1 month.
Encephalitis or unable to consent
No Results Posted