Official Title

Influence of Military Preventive Policy for reCruit Training on COVID-19 Seroconversion
  • Phase

    N/A
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Status

    Recruiting
  • Intervention/Treatment

    vitamin d ...
  • Study Participants

    900
This study is intended to address the association between vitamin D status and seroconversion to SARS-CoV-2 in healthy young adults.

The primary aim of the study is to determine the rates of 'silent' seroconversion rates, consistent with asymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2, in a young healthy adult population with a wide spread of vitamin D concentrations.

The secondary aims of this study are to explore:

Any effect of vitamin D status on symptomatic illness.
The background 'point' prevalence and subsequent rate of increase in seropositivity for SARS-CoV-2 in healthy young adults.
The individual reductions in seropositivity to SARS-CoV-2 over time, and changes in seropositivity in a defined young adult population over time.
Where salivary Immunoglobulin A (IgA) may be used to provide an alternative/ complementary serological method
The effect (if any) of vitamin D supplementation on seroconversion rates stratified by: i) level of baseline vitamin D 'deficiency/ insufficiency/ sufficiency' status; ii) extent of BMI-defined normal/overweight/obesity cut-offs and iii) gender.
The primary aim of the study is to determine the rates of 'silent' seroconversion rates, consistent with asymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2, in a young healthy adult population with a wide spread of vitamin D concentrations.

The study will be conducted over 16 weeks in two populations: Service Personnel undertaking initial military training, who are supplementing with vitamin D (1000 IU/day D3 for 4 weeks, and 400 IU/d D3 as a maintenance dose), and civilian students who are not supplementing.

We will recruit adults aged 18-30 years old. Military and civilian participants will be recruited respectively in Catterick and Leeds, UK to start in coincidence with the recommencement of Autumn semester.

In accordance with our power calculation and anticipated drop-out rate, 450 volunteers will be recruited in each group. Data collected at baseline and after 5, 9, 12 and 16 weeks will include seroconversion status assessed from a validated Dried Blood Spot (DBS) method in conjunction with novel salivary antibody testing, plus structured questionnaire responses screening for Covid-19 symptoms. Physical and demographic characteristics and serum levels of vitamin D concentrations collected from participants at study entry will facilitate secondary aims in relation to exploring the influence of gender, ethnicity, body mass and body mass index (BMI) on asymptomatic seroconversion, as well as interactions with vitamin D status and supplementation.
Study Started
Sep 01
2020
Primary Completion
Apr 28
2021
Anticipated
Study Completion
Apr 28
2021
Anticipated
Last Update
Mar 23
2021

Dietary Supplement Vitamin D

Pure Encapsulations' manufacturing facility is a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) inspected and NSF International Good Manufacturing Practices registered company.

  • Other names: Pure Encapsulations, Sudbury, MA, USA

Military recruits Active Comparator

Vitamin D supplementation (1000 IU/day D3 for 4 weeks, and 400 IU/d D3 as a maintenance dose)

No intervention No Intervention

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Able to access the study sites at Leeds Beckett University's Headingley or City campuses, UK OR recruit at Infantry Training Centre, Catterick Garrison, UK
In possession of an internet-enabled smart phone capable of receiving and responding to smartphone alerts.

Exclusion Criteria:

Previously diagnosed with COVID-19 either by RT-PCR or serologically (either prior to the study or at initial baseline testing).
Use of over-the-counter or prescribed vitamin D supplements currently or in the past month

Condition conferring 'very high risk' or 'high risk' of severe COVID-19

have had an organ transplant
are having chemotherapy or antibody treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy
are having an intense course of radiotherapy (radical radiotherapy) for lung cancer
are having targeted cancer treatments that can affect the immune system (such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors)
have blood or bone marrow cancer (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma)
have had a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in the past 6 months, or are still taking immunosuppressant medicine
are pregnant or intent on becoming pregnant during the anticipated study period
have a learning disability
have a lung condition (such as cystic fibrosis, asthma, COPD, emphysema or bronchitis)
have heart disease (such as heart failure)
have high blood pressure (hypertension)
have diabetes
have chronic kidney disease
have liver disease (such as hepatitis)
have a condition affecting the brain or nerves (such as Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, or cerebral palsy)
have a problem with the spleen or have had the spleen removed
have a condition with high risk of getting infections (such as SCID, sickle cell, HIV, lupus or scleroderma)
are taking medicine that can affect the immune system (such as steroids)
are very obese (a BMI of 40 or above)
No Results Posted