Bariatric Arterial Embolization for Men Starting Hormones for Prostate Cancer
BASH-PC: Bariatric Arterial Embolization for Men Starting Hormones for Prostate Cancer
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Intervention/Treatment

    Lupron ...
  • Study Participants

The standard of care for obese men starting Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is physician based dietary and exercise counseling. Interventions to lessen the harmful effects of ADT are needed yet have been limited. Exercise is one strategy that has been attempted however there is conflicting data as to whether or not exercise effectively improves body mass, results in sustained weight loss, improvements in metabolic risk profiles including glucose tolerance and lipid profiles in men starting ADT, or has any effect of progression of cancer. Dietary interventions have been attempted without clear improvement in weight, metabolic factors, quality of life or cancer progression. Bariatric arterial embolization (BAE), given it results in weight loss in obese men and women without cancer, may be able to stave off the harmful side effects of ADT by inducing weight loss. Therefore, the investigators hypothesize that Bariatric Arterial embolization (BAE), done prior to initiation of ADT, will mitigate the weight gain and metabolic side effects associated with ADT, by inducing weight loss of at least 5% in obese men with biochemical recurrent prostate cancer starting ADT.

The primary objective is to determine if BAE, done prior to ADT initiation in obese men (with obesity related comorbid condition) with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer, can induce 5% or greater weight loss at 6 months.
Study Started
Nov 16
Primary Completion
Aug 31
Study Completion
Dec 31
Last Update
May 02

Device Bead Block 300-500 um

These patients will undergo embolization with 300-500µm Bead Block particles.

Behavioral Weight Management

All participants will be enrolled in weight management through the Johns Hopkins Weight Management Center. During weeks -4 through 0, participants will be required to go to weekly visits. Weight management will include counseling on diet, exercise and behavior change. Food programs, pharmacotherapy and other procedures will not be utilized.

Drug Lupron

22.5 mg will be given as a single intramuscular or subcutaneous injection once every 12 weeks according to the standard of care for prostate cancer. If leuprolide acetate, 22.5 mg for 3-month administration is not available, a suitable substitute may be allowed upon approval by the principle investigator

Diet and exercise with BAE Experimental

After enrollment in the clinical trial, all men will be enrolled in diet and exercise counseling through the weight management program for a total of 4 weeks. If participants lose >5 pounds of total body weight from weight management alone in the first 4 weeks, these participants will be excluded from study and will not undergo BAE but will be encouraged to continue with weight management. Those still enrolled will undergo BAE. Within 7 days of BAE, men will be given ADT (lupron subcutaneous injection).


Inclusion Criteria:

Willing and able to provide written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for the release of personal health information (HIPAA authorization will be included in the informed consent)
Males aged 18 years of age and above
Histological proof of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
Non-metastatic disease by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or Nuclear medicine (NM) bone scan. Patients must have CT abdomen/pelvis with contrast prior to enrollment.
Metastatic disease may be permitted if NOT starting on any concomitant therapy (ie chemotherapy, anti-androgens)
Prior local therapy with prostatectomy or radiotherapy (including brachytherapy) or both
BMI >30 kg/m2 with a concurrent obesity related comorbidity

Obesity related comorbidity is defined as:

hypertension (resting blood pressure >130/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) or being on medication to treat high blood pressure50),
coronary artery disease (defined as prior myocardial infarction, elevated coronary artery calcium score, positive stress test history),
dyslipidemia (triglyceride level of >150mg/dL or being on medicine to treat high triglycerides; HDL < 40mg/dL or being on medicine to treat cholesterol)51,
diabetes (fasting glucose >126mg/dL, A1c > 6.5% or on medication for diabetes)52,
pre-diabetes (fasting plasma glucose 100-125mg/dL)52,
elevated waist circumference (>40 inches in men),
obstructive sleep apnea,
arthritis, or
non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
Prior salvage or adjuvant radiation therapy is allowed but must have been completed at least 3 months prior to enrollment
Non-castrate levels of testosterone (>50 ng/dL required)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at screening
Vascular anatomy (including celiac, hepatic and gastric arteries) that in the opinion of the interventional radiologist is amenable to bariatric embolization as assessed on 3D CT angiography
Participants must have normal organ and bone marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment as defined below:

Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L Platelet count ≥ 50 x 109/L Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) / Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal Estimated Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >60ml/min

Exclusion Criteria:

Prior hormonal therapy within 12 months of enrollment
Planned concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy or antiandrogens (ex. bicalutamide, abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide or any investigational agent).
Contraindication to the use of leuprolide, such as a previous hypersensitivity reaction to an Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue or any of the excipients in the leuprolide injection
Prior history of gastric, pancreatic, hepatic and/or splenic surgery
Prior radiation therapy to the upper abdomen (pelvic radiation is not an exclusion)
Prior embolization to the stomach, spleen or liver
Cirrhosis or known portal venous hypertension
Active peptic ulcer disease or significant risk factors for peptic ulcer disease including daily NSAID use or daily smoking
Hiatal hernia >5cm in size
Active h.pylori infection (patients will be required to have negative h.pylori testing)
Weight >400 pounds or BMI >45kg/m2
Known aortic arch pathology such as aneurysm or dissection
Major comorbidity that precludes procedure including significant cardiovascular disease or peripheral arterial disease including the following:

Myocardial infarction within 6 months before screening Unstable angina within 3 months before screening New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure or a history of New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure unless a screening echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan performed within 3 months before the randomization date demonstrates a left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 45% History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (eg, sustained ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes) Uncontrolled hypertension as indicated by a minimum of 2 consecutive blood pressure measurements showing systolic blood pressure > 170 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 105 mm Hg at screening Peripheral arterial stenting or bypass procedure within 6 months before screening Active claudication

Diabetes with A1c >7% or requiring medication other than metformin
Known gastric motility dysfunction
Preexisting chronic abdominal pain
Positive stool occult study
Inflammatory bowel disease
Known history of allergy to iodinated contrast media
American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) physical status classification system Class 4 of 5 (very high risk surgical candidates: class 4 = incapacitating disease that is a constant threat to life) at the time of screening for enrollment
Any condition in which the principle investigator feels participation in the trial would put the patient and undue risk
No Results Posted