Antibiotic Therapy vs Laparscopic Appendectomy in Pediatric Chronic Appendicitis
Mutil-institutions Comparing Antibiotic Therapy With Laparscopic Appendectomy in Pediatric Chronic Appendicitis
  • Phase

  • Study Type

  • Status

    Unknown status
  • Study Participants

This clinical trial will compare antibiotic therapy with laparoscopic appendectomy in the treatment of pediatric chronic appendicitis in china. Enrolled patients will be randomised and an allocation ratio of 1:1 will be made via weighted minimisation, where half of the patients will receive antibiotic therapy with intravenous Ceftazidime sodium, while the other half will have a laparoscopic appendicectomy.
In recent years, nonoperative treatment has challenged appendectomy as a first-line treatment of acute uncomplicated appendicitis by demonstrating its safety and short-term efficacy in adults. Several randomized controlled trials comparing appendectomy to antibiotics alone in children with acute uncomplicated appendicitis have been reported from other countries. These studies reveal that non-operative management of appendicitis is a safe treatment for appendicitis and is associated with a significantly lower risk of complications than appendectomy. However, the success rate of nonoperative management was 75% at 1year. Chronic appendicitis has been described as a possible cause of persistent right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain and laparoscopic appendectomy has been shown to benefit a large number of children,but there are no high-quality clinical trials. There are more than 200 million children in China. According to preliminary clinical data, the incidence of pediatric appendicitis in China is higher than Europe and America. Due to the Chinese parents have different cultures and educational backgrounds, more high-quality clinical trials are needed to guide parents to choose appropriate treatment for chronic appendicitis in children. Therefore, the investigators propose a multi-institutional trial in which patients and their families choose between antibiotics therapy (AT group) or laparoscopic appendectomy (LAAPT group) to chronic appendicitis in children aged 3-15 years. The investigators hypothesize that laparoscopic appendectomy will be successful in 90% of patients at 1 year follow-up and will be associated with fewer disability days, higher quality of life scores, and higher pain reduce scores than antibiotic therapy. This study will enroll 200 patients, age 3-15 years, with chronic appendicitis at 8-10 hospitals.
Study Started
Jan 01
Primary Completion
Jan 01
Study Completion
Jan 01
Last Update
Nov 28

Drug Ceftazidime

Patients choosing AT group were admitted to the hospital for observation and to receive intravenous antibiotics Intravenous Ceftazidime sodium (50mg/kg/dose every 12 hours) was administered for 3 days.

Procedure appendectomy

APPT group consisted of admission to the hospital with promptinitiation of intravenous antibiotics and appendectomy

Antibiotic therapy group Active Comparator

Ceftazidime will chosen as the antibiotic for this study because of its efficacy as a monotherapy for serious intraabdominal infections, requiring only a single, daily dose. Intravenous Ceftazidime sodium (50mg/kg/dose every 12 hours) is administered for 3 days to patients in the AT group, with the first dose given in the emergency department. The clinical status of patients in the AT group is reevaluated within 12 to 24 hours after admission by the surgeon on call. If the surgeon suspected progressive infection, perforated appendicitis, or peritonitis, the patient will underwent appendectomy. Intravenous antibiotic treatment will followed by 7 days of oral cefuroxime (250mg twice daily).

Laparoscopic Appendectomy group Experimental

Laparoscopic appendectomy will performed using. Prophylactic antibiotics (ceftazidime sodium 50mg/kg/dose ) will administered approximately 30 minutes before the incision was made. No further antibiotics will given to patients in the surgical group unless a wound infection was suspected postoperatively.


Inclusion Criteria:

Patients were eligible if they were between 3 and 15 years of age, and they suffered from chronic appendicitis.
US showing hyperemia and fecalith, ≤ 1.1 cm in diameter, compressible or non-compressible, no abscess, no phlegmon or CT showing hyperemia and fecalith, fat stranding, ≤ 1.1 cm in diameter, no abscess, no phlegmon.

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion criteria consisted of (a history of) chronic back pain
previous abdominal surgery (with the exception of diagnostic laparoscopies or a laparoscopic sterilization)
specific gastro-intestinal entities (such as inflammatory bowel disease) 4.gynaecological disease (all female patients consulted a gynaecologist)
No Results Posted