Safety and Efficacy Study in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Due to Mutations in PDE6B Gene
Safety and Efficacy of a Unilateral Subretinal Administration of HORA-PDE6B in Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa Harbouring Mutations in the PDE6B Gene Leading to a Defect in PDE6ß Expression
The study is a Phase I/II, monocentric, open-label, dose-ranging safety and efficacy gene therapy intervention by subretinal administration of AAV2/5-hPDE6B. At least twelve patients 18 years of age or older, within four consecutive cohorts of patients, will be recruited.
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a disease where part of the eye (the retina) is degenerating over time. Patients initially present with night blindness, and later in life experience loss of central vision which leads to blindness. RP is a highly variable disorder with some patients developing symptomatic visual loss in childhood whereas others remain asymptomatic until mid-adulthood. There are no treatments available.
This study focuses on the form of RP caused by mutations (modifications) in the genetic information necessary to make the protein called rod cGMP phosphodiesterase 6 β subunit (or PDE6β). Clinical diagnosis is made by function tests of the eye and confirmed using a specific method called molecular testing to verify that the PDE6B gene is not correct.
This study uses a gene therapy vector inspired from an adeno-associated virus (AAV) called AAV2/5-hPDE6B. This vector intends to supply to the target cells the PDE6B therapeutic gene that is not functioning properly in the cell. The AAV parts of the gene therapy vector work as a vehicle to deliver the normal human PDE6B gene into the cells of the retina.
Biological: AAV2/5-hPDE6B Unilateral (one eye), subretinal, administration of the lowest dose. Dose-escalation will be performed after DSMC assessment.
Biological: AAV2/5-hPDE6B Unilateral (one eye), subretinal, administration of the medium dose. Confirmatory dose will be determined after DSMC assessment.
Biological: AAV2/5-hPDE6B Unilateral (one eye), subretinal, administration of the highest dose. Confirmatory dose will be determined after DSMC assessment.
Biological: AAV2/5-hPDE6B Unilateral (one eye), subretinal, administration of the confirmatory dose.
Key Inclusion Criteria: Clinical and molecular diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa caused by defect in PDE6B gene without other syndromic manifestations Aged 18 years or older Ability to give informed consent Key Exclusion Criteria: Previous ocular surgery or thermal laser within 6 months before the surgery Lens opacities or obscured ocular media upon recruitment such reliable evaluation or grading of the posterior segment cannot be performed Known serious allergies to the fluorescein dye used in angiography, to the mydriatic, steroidal and non-steroidal eye drops Participation in another clinical trial with an investigational agent Enrolled or being enrolled in another gene therapy clinical trial Active, extraocular infection requiring the prolonged or chronic use of antimicrobial agents Chronic medical conditions, cancer Abnormal laboratory values On immunosuppressive therapy