Endovascular Brachytherapy Combined With Stent Placement and TACE for HCC With Main Portal Vein Tumor Thrombus
Endovascular Brachytherapy Combined With Stent Placement and Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) for Treatment of HCC With Main Portal Vein Tumor Thrombus Versus TACE Alone: a Prospective Randomized Controlled Multicentre Trial
Lead SponsorFudan University
Indication/ConditionPortal Vein Tumor Thrombus Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Intervention/Treatmentgelatin epirubicin lipiodol ...
It is a prospective and multi-center clinical research in China to compare the efficacy, safety and related impact factors between TACE alone and endovascular brachytherapy combined with stent placement and TACE for HCC with main portal vein tumor thrombus.
It is an open random prospective phase III clinical trial conducted by Principal Investigator Professor Zhi-ping Yan.Investigators in twenty-seven hospitals in China participate in.Patients with unresectable HCC with main portal vein tumor thrombus are enrolled. The investigators propose to recruitment 253 patients who are randomly assigned into the combined group (treated with endovascular brachytherapy combined with stent placement and TACE) and the control group (treated with TACE alone).There are 127 patients in combined group and 126 patients in control group. The criteria of inclusion and exclusion, and the methods of lab tests, imaging modality and treatment procedures are the same.
The patent second-order branch of the intrahepatic portal vein was punctured with a 22-gauge Chiba needle under ultrasound guidance.Stent and Iodine-125 seed strand are implanted by two 0.035-inch,150-cm-long wire.
Bare stent should be placed through a 7-F, 23-cm-long sheath over the wire.
The number of Iodine-125 seeds planned to be implanted was calculated by the following formula: N = length of obstructed main portal vein (mm)/4.5 + 4. These seeds were arranged linearly and sealed into a 4-F catheter continuously to construct a Iodine-125 seed strand.
Epirubicin is a chemotherapy drug used in transarterial chemoembolization (TACE).Dosage: Epirubicin 30-60 mg per patient,depending on the situation of the patient.
Ultra-fluid lipiodol is a kind of embolization material used in TACE. Standard: 38% ultra-fluid lipiodol .
Gelatin sponge articles embolization material used in TACE. Standard: 350-560 um in diameter.
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is performed immediately following Iodine-125 seed strand and stent implantation. Epirubicin,ultra-fluid lipiodol and gelatin sponge articles are used in TACE.
Only TACE is performed. Epirubicin, ultra-fluid lipiodol and gelatin sponge articles are used in TACE.
Inclusion Criteria: (1) Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) diagnosis confirmed by needle biopsy or by two coincidental imaging techniques associated with increased α-fetoprotein according to the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines; (2) According to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging classification, HCC was unsuitable for resection, liver transplantation or percutaneous radiofrequency ablation; (3) Tumor thrombus, a low-attenuation intraluminal filling defect extending from intrahepatic portal vein branches adjacent to primary tumor into main portal vein, was confirmed by contrast-enhanced abdominal computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (4) At least the first-order branch of the intrahepatic portal vein was patent in one lobe; (5) Child-Pugh classification grade A or B; (6) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 2 or less; Exclusion Criteria: (1) Patients had a history of any therapy for HCC or portal vein tumor thrombus; (2) Advanced liver disease (bilirubin levels >3 mg/dL, Aspartate transaminase or Alanine aminotransferase >5 × upper limit of normal)； (3) Tumor invade the Inferior Vena Cava, extrahepatic spread; (4) Any contraindication to an arterial procedure such as impaired clotting tests (platelet count below 50 × 109/L or prothrombin activity below 50 %); (5) Renal failure,cardiac ejection fraction (<50 %) or end-stage disease; (6) Patients who were not capable of cooperation during the procedure.