Title

A Study Treating Participants With Early Axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) Taking an Intense Treatment Approach Versus Routine Treatment
STRIKE - Treating Patients With Early Axial Spondyloarthritis to Target - a 1 Year Randomized Controlled Study Taking an Intense Treatment Approach Versus Routine Treatment
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Intervention/Treatment

    adalimumab ...
  • Study Participants

    22
A study comparing a treat-to-target (T2T) intense treatment approach with routine treatment (Standard of Care [SOC]) in reducing disease activity in participants with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA).
Study Started
Sep 12
2016
Primary Completion
Dec 21
2017
Study Completion
Dec 21
2017
Results Posted
Jul 05
2019
Last Update
Jul 05
2019

Biological Adalimumab

Administered every other week by subcutaneous injection for up to 48 weeks, depending on participants' disease activity.

  • Other names: Humira, ABT-D2E7

Other Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

ASAS recommended NSAID doses to treat axial spondyloarthritis.

  • Other names: Routine practice

Treat-to-Target (T2T) Experimental

Participants initially received treatment with any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) at full anti-inflammatory dose for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, if the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) was ≥ 2.1 or treatment with NSAID 1 was not tolerated, treatment was changed to a second NSAID at full anti-inflammatory dose for 4 weeks. If ASDAS was ≥ 2.1 after 4 weeks of NSAID 2 or treatment with the chosen NSAID was not tolerated, , participants were switched to receive a combination of NSAID and adalimumab 40 mg every other week for up to 48 weeks.

Standard of Care (SOC) Active Comparator

Participants received treatment as prescribed by their physician according to the local standard of care.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Signed written informed consent before start of study-related assessments or procedures
Diagnosis of axSpA (either ankylosing spondylitis or non-radiographic axSpA) and fulfilling the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) classification criteria for axSpA
Participants aged ≥ 18 years
Disease duration < 5 years
Participants must have a Baseline disease activity as defined by an ASDAS ≥ 2.1 or a Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) ≥ 4
NSAID-naive or not treated with the maximal recommended NSAID dose during the last 2 weeks prior to the Baseline visit
Participants must never have failed a NSAID taken at maximal recommended dose for 2 weeks or more.

Exclusion Criteria:

Contraindications for NSAIDs or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker according to local labeling
If entering the study on concomitant NSAIDs, participants taking the maximal recommended dose during the last 2 weeks prior to the Baseline Visit or have failed or developed intolerance to a NSAID taken at maximal recommended dose for 2 weeks or more at any time
Prior exposure to any anti-TNF therapy; any biologic therapy with a potential therapeutic impact on SpA, or participant has been treated with any investigational drug of chemical or biologic nature within a minimum of 30 days or five half-lives (whichever is longer) of the drug prior to the Baseline visit.

Summary

Standard of Care (SOC)

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

All Events

Event Type Organ System Event Term Standard of Care (SOC) Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Percentage of Participants With an Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) of Inactive Disease at Week 32

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (C-reactive protein [CRP] or erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with ASDAS inactive disease (defined as ASDAS < 1.3) calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

80.0
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Change From Baseline in European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Questionnaire

The EQ-5D-3L is a health state utility instrument that evaluates preference for health status (utility). The 5 items in the EQ-5D-3L comprise 5 dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) each of which are rated on 3 levels of severity (1: indicating no problem, 2: indicating some/moderate problems, 3: indicating extreme problems). A single preference-weighted health utility index score was calculated by applying country-specific weights, with scores ranging from approximately 0 (death) to 1 (full health).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

0.446
units on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.181

Week 52

0.255
units on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

-0.287
units on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment - Axial Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-axSpA): Presenteeism

The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) axSpA is an axSpA specific questionnaire consisting of 6 questions, based on patient recall of the previous 7 days. WPAI assesses work time missed due to illness (absenteeism), impairment at work due to health (presenteeism), overall work impairment due to health (an aggregate measure of both absenteeism and presenteeism), and total non-occupational activity impairment due to health. WPAI scores are expressed as impairment percentages, with higher scores indicating worse outcomes. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-23.3
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 55.1

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

20.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment - Axial Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-axSpA): Absenteeism

The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) axSpA is an axSpA specific questionnaire consisting of 6 questions, based on patient recall of the previous 7 days. WPAI assesses work time missed due to illness (absenteeism), impairment at work due to health (presenteeism), overall work impairment due to health (an aggregate measure of both absenteeism and presenteeism), and total non-occupational activity impairment due to health. WPAI scores are expressed as impairment percentages, with higher scores indicating worse outcomes. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-100.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Week 52

-100.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

25.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment - Axial Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-axSpA): Total Work Productivity Impairment

The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) axSpA is an axSpA specific questionnaire consisting of 6 questions, based on patient recall of the previous 7 days. WPAI assesses work time missed due to illness (absenteeism), impairment at work due to health (presenteeism), overall work impairment due to health (an aggregate measure of both absenteeism and presenteeism), and total non-occupational activity impairment due to health. WPAI scores are expressed as impairment percentages, with higher scores indicating worse outcomes. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-90.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Week 52

-80.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

27.5
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment - Axial Spondyloarthritis (WPAI-axSpA): Total Activity Impairment

The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) axSpA is an axSpA specific questionnaire consisting of 6 questions, based on patient recall of the previous 7 days. WPAI assesses work time missed due to illness (absenteeism), impairment at work due to health (presenteeism), overall work impairment due to health (an aggregate measure of both absenteeism and presenteeism), and total non-occupational activity impairment due to health. WPAI scores are expressed as impairment percentages, with higher scores indicating worse outcomes. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-36.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 15.2

Week 52

-30.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

30.0
percent impairment (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) Health Index (HI)

The ASAS HI measures functioning and health across 17 aspects of health in patients with AS, including pain, emotional functions, sleep, sexual function, mobility, self care, and community life. The ASAS HI consists of 17 questions, each answered by the participant as agree (1) or disagree (0). The responses to the 17 dichotomous items are summed up to give a total score ranging from 0 to 17, with a lower score indicating a better and a higher score indicating an inferior health status.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-4.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 2.45

Week 52

-3.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

3.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index

The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) assesses disease activity by asking the participant to answer 6 questions (each on a 10 point numeric rating scale [NRS]) pertaining to symptoms experienced for the past week. For 5 questions (level of fatigue/tiredness, level of AS neck, back or hip pain, level of pain/swelling in joints, other than neck, back or hips, level of discomfort from any areas tender to touch or pressure, and level of morning stiffness), the response is from 0 (none) to 10 (very severe); for Question 6 (duration of morning stiffness), the response is from 0 (0 hours) to 10 (≥ 2 hours). The overall BASDAI score ranges from 0 to 10 where lower scores indicate less disease activity.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-3.96
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.68

Week 52

-1.83
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.18

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

3.2
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Percentage of Participants Achieving a BASDAI 50 Response

The BASDAI assesses disease activity by asking the participant to answer 6 questions (each on a 10 point numeric rating scale [NRS]) pertaining to symptoms experienced for the past week. For 5 questions (level of fatigue/tiredness, level of AS neck, back or hip pain, level of pain/swelling in joints, other than neck, back or hips, level of discomfort from any areas tender to touch or pressure, and level of morning stiffness), the response is from 0 (none) to 10 (very severe); for Question 6 (duration of morning stiffness), the response is from 0 (0 hours) to 10 (≥ 2 hours). The overall BASDAI score ranges from 0 to 10. Lower scores indicate less disease activity. A BASDAI 50 response is defined as improvement of 50% or more from baseline in BASDAI score.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

60.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI)

The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) is a validated index to determine the degree of functional limitation in patients with AS. BASFI consists of 10 questions assessing participants' ability to perform activities, on a numeric rating scale (NRS) ranging from 0 (easy to perform an activity) to 10 (impossible to perform an activity). The overall score is the mean of the 10 items and ranges from 0 (best) to 10 (worst).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-2.46
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 2.14

Week 52

-1.4
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.849

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

-1.5
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in ASDAS(CRP)

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." Change from baseline in ASDAS calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-1.29
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.833

Week 52

-0.654
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.22

Standard of Care (SOC)

Percentage of Participants Achieving ASDAS(CRP) Major Improvement

ASDAS Major Improvement is defined as a change from baseline ≤ -2.0. ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with major improvement in ASDAS calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

20.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Percentage of Participants Achieving ASDAS(CRP) Clinically Important Improvement

ASDAS clinically important improvement is defined as a change from baseline ≤ -1.1. ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with clinically important improvement in ASDAS calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

60.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Percentage of Participants With ASDAS Inactive Disease at Week 52

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with ASDAS inactive disease (defined as ASDAS < 1.3) calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Percentage of Participants With ASDAS Low Disease Activity

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with ASDAS low disease activity (defined as ASDAS < 2.1) calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

80.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

66.7
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Percentage of Participants With ASDAS Moderate Disease Activity

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with ASDAS moderate disease activity (defined as an ASDAS ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1) calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

Week 52

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Percentage of Participants With ASDAS High Disease Activity

ASDAS high disease activity is defined as an ASDAS ≥ 2.1 to < 3.5. ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with high disease activity (defined as an ASDAS ≥ 2.1 to < 3.5) calculated using CRP is reported.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

20.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

33.3
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

100.0
percentage of participants

Percentage of Participants With ASDAS Very High Disease Activity

ASDAS is a composite disease activity outcome measure which combines patient reported back pain, duration of morning stiffness, patient global assessment of disease activity, patient assessment of peripheral joint pain and swelling and an acute phase reactant (CRP or ESR) as an objective measure of inflammation. The overall score ranges from 0 with no defined upper score; published ranges for disease activity states as defined by the ASDAS are: < 1.3 for "inactive disease"; ≥ 1.3 to < 2.1 for "moderate disease activity"; ≥ 2.1 to ≤ 3.5 for "high disease activity" and > 3.5 for "very high disease activity." The percentage of participants with very high disease activity (defined as an ASDAS > 3.5) calculated using CRP is reported

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

Week 52

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in Dactylitis Count

Dactylitis is characterized by swelling of the entire finger or toe. Each digit on the hands and feet was rated as 0 for no dactylitis or 1 for dactylitis present. The dactylitis count, ranging from 0 to 20, is the total number of digits on the hands and feet with dactylitis present.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

Week 52

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate measures the rate of fall (sedimentation) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in a sample of blood that has been placed into a tall, thin, vertical tube as an indirect measure of the degree of inflammation present in the body.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-2.6
mm/hour (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.05

Week 52

-4.0
mm/hour (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.46

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Percentage of Participants Achieving an Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) 20 Response

ASAS20 response was defined as improvement of ≥ 20% relative to baseline and absolute improvement of ≥ 1 unit (on a scale from 0 to 10) in ≥ 3 of the following 4 domains with no deterioration (defined as a worsening of ≥ 20% and a net worsening of ≥ 1 unit) in the potential remaining domain: Patient's Global Assessment of disease activity, measured on a numeric rating scale (NRS) from 0 (none) to 10 (severe); Pain, measured by the total back pain NRS from 0 (no pain) to 10 (most severe); Function, measured by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) which consists of 10 items assessing participants' ability to perform activities on an NRS ranging from 0 (easy) to 10 (impossible); Inflammation, measured by the mean of the 2 morning stiffness-related Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) NRS scores (items 5 [level of stiffness] and 6 [duration of stiffness]) each on a scale from 0 (none/0 hours) to 10 (very severe/2 hours or more duration).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

40.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

50.0
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Percentage of Participants Achieving an ASAS 40 Response

ASAS40 response was defined as improvement of ≥ 40% relative to baseline and absolute improvement of ≥ 2 units (on a scale from 0 to 10) in ≥ 3 of the following 4 domains with no deterioration in the potential remaining domain: Patient's Global Assessment of disease activity, measured on a numeric rating scale (NRS) from 0 (none) to 10 (severe); Pain, measured by the total back pain NRS from 0 (no pain) to 10 (most severe); Function, measured by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) which consists of 10 items assessing participants' ability to perform activities on an NRS ranging from 0 (easy) to 10 (impossible); Inflammation, measured by the mean of the 2 morning stiffness-related Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) NRS scores (items 5 [level of stiffness] and 6 [duration of stiffness]) each on a scale from 0 (none/0 hours) to 10 (very severe/2 hours or more duration).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

20.0
percentage of participants

Week 52

50.0
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Percentage of Participants Achieving ASAS Partial Remission

ASAS partial remission is defined as an absolute score of ≤ 2 units on a 0 to 10 scale for each of the four following domains: Patient's Global Assessment of disease activity, measured on a numeric rating scale (NRS) from 0 (none) to 10 (severe); Pain, measured by the total back pain NRS from 0 (no pain) to 10 (most severe); Function, measured by the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) which consists of 10 items assessing participants' ability to perform activities on an NRS ranging from 0 (easy) to 10 (impossible); Inflammation, measured by the mean of the 2 morning stiffness-related Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) NRS scores (items 5 [level of stiffness] and 6 [duration of stiffness]) each on a scale from 0 (none/0 hours) to 10 (very severe/2 hours or more duration).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

Week 52

50.0
percentage of participants

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in Active Inflammation of the Sacroiliac Joints and Spine

Active inflammation of the sacroiliac (SI) joints as well as the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine was assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Images were scored by a central reader according to the Berlin MRI Score on a grading scale from 0 to 3, where Grade 0 indicates no active inflammation and Grade 3 indicates > 66% inflammation of the sacroiliac joints or > 50% active inflammation in the spine.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Standard of Care (SOC)

Change From Baseline in Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity

The Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity was assessed using an NRS from 0 (no disease activity) to 10 (severe disease activity).

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

1.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-4.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.41

Week 52

-2.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.00

Change From Baseline in Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity

The Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity was assessed using an NRS from 0 (no disease activity) to 10 (very severe disease activity).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-2.2
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.90

Week 52

-1.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 3.61

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

4.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Patient's Global Assessment of Pain

The Patient's Global Assessment of Pain was assessed on a NRS from 0 (no pain) to 10 (pain as bad as it could be).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-1.6
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 4.28

Week 52

-0.333
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 2.08

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

3.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Swollen Joint Count

An assessment of 66 joints was performed by physical examination of each joint. The swollen joint count is the number of joints assessed as swollen (0 to 66).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

Week 52

0.333
swollen joints (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.577

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in Tender Joint Count

An assessment of 68 joints was performed by physical examination of each joint. The tender joint count is the number of joints assessed as tender (0 to 68).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-3.4
tender joints (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 5.98

Week 52

-6.33
tender joints (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 6.66

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

1.0
tender joints (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Entheses Score (MASES)

The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score quantitates inflammation of the entheses (enthesitis) by assessing pain at 13 entheses (sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone). All sites were scored as 0 (absent) or 1 (present). The MASES is the sum of all site scores (from 0 to 13).

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-0.8
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.79

Week 52

0.333
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.53

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

Change From Baseline in Linear Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMIlin)

The linear Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMIlin) is a composite score based on 5 direct measurements of spinal mobility: lateral lumbar flexion, tragus-to-wall distance, lumbar flexion, intermalleolar distance, and cervical rotation angle. The total score ranges from 0 to 10, where higher scores indicate more limited mobility.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-1.0
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.632

Week 52

-1.2
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 0.944

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

-1.1
score on a scale (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Change From Baseline in C-reactive Protein (CRP)

CRP is an acute phase reactant is a blood test marker for inflammation in the body. CRP levels rise in response to inflammation.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Week 32

-4.47
mg/L (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 4.38

Week 52

-3.47
mg/L (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 6.00

Standard of Care (SOC)

Week 32

-1.0
mg/L (Mean)
Standard Deviation: NA

Number of Participants With New Onset Anterior Uveitis

Anterior uveitis is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye. which includes the iris (colored part of the eye) and the adjacent tissue, known as the ciliary body.

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Standard of Care (SOC)

Total

22
Participants

Age, Continuous

34.3
years (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 9.49

Race and Ethnicity Not Collected

0
Participants

Sex: Female, Male

Overall Study

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Standard of Care (SOC)

Drop/Withdrawal Reasons

Treat-to-Target (T2T)

Standard of Care (SOC)