The Role of Antioxidant Supplementation in Keratoconus Patients
The Role of Antioxidants in Keratoconus Patients-A Randomized Controlled Trial of Oral Supplementation of Glutathione, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E
  • Phase

  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Study Participants

Keratoconus is the most common primary cornea ectasia, where the cornea undergoes structural changes, leading to loss of tissue integrity and vision loss. The prevalence of Keratoconus is 1:2000 in the general population. Oxidative stress has been thought to have a major effect in the disease pathogenesis of Keratoconus. In vitro studies have shown increase in metabolites related to oxidative stress in Keratoconus disease, and that Keratoconus cells undergo increased oxidative stress and tissue damage. Animal models have shown a therapeutic effect of Vitamin C (ascorbate) in corneal wound healing. Glutathione and Vitamins A, C, and E are important antioxidants in the human body. To this date, the role of systemic antioxidant supplementation in Keratoconus patients has yet to be studied. In addition, it has yet to be established as to whether there is a correlation between serum antioxidant levels, and the severity of disease in the Keratoconus patient. The investigators propose to investigate the plasma levels of antioxidants in relation to disease severity. The investigators will also investigate the role of antioxidant supplementation-consisting of parenteral Glutathione (GSH), and Vitamins A, C and E-in delaying the disease progression in Keratoconus.
Study Started
Aug 01
Primary Completion
Jul 31
Study Completion
Mar 31
Last Update
Aug 16

Other Antioxidants (Vitamins A,C,E) plus GSH

Study medication would contain 500 milligrams of vitamin C, 400 International Units of vitamin E, and 15 milligrams of beta-carotene (the equivalent to 25,000 International Units of vitamin A).The study medication would also contain 1000mg of Glutathione (GSH).

Other Placebo

Placebo pill

Dietary Supplement Centrum


Combination Product Dietary Sources

From dietary sources of vitamins.

Placebo with Dietary Sources of Vitamins Placebo Comparator

Persons assigned to placebo, who obtain Vitamins A, C, E and Glutathione from dietary sources alone, and have not been on oral RDA supplementation, in the 1 month leading up the time of enrollment and throughout the study period.

Antioxidants(Vitamins A,C,E) plus GSH, plus Centrum Active Comparator

Persons assigned to the study medication, and are continuing the take an oral RDA supplementation, in the form of Centrum.

Antioxidants (Vitamins A,C, E) plus GSH Active Comparator

Persons assigned to the study medication alone, without oral RDA supplementation in the 1 month leading up the time of enrollment and throughout the study period.

Placebo plus Centrum Active Comparator

Persons assigned to placebo, who have been on oral RDA supplementation, who would continue to do so throughout the study.


Inclusion Criteria:

Participants would be without illness or condition that could make follow-up, or compliance with study medication difficult.
Participants may have a prior diagnosis of Keratoconus, or may be diagnosed at the initial visit.
Participants should not have an eye diagnosis, other than Keratoconus, that could adversely influence the visual acuity.
These participants must not have had prior surgical procedure to treat Keratoconus, including collagen cross-linking, Intacs ring segments, or corneal transplantation.

Exclusion Criteria:

would exclude smokers and former-smokers.
No Results Posted