Efficacy and Safety Phase IIa Study of Myelo001 in Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia
A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Design, Multi-Center Study to Investigate the Efficacy To Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Neutropenia (CIN), Effects on the Haematopoietic System, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Myelo001 in Patients Receiving Adjuvant or Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for the Treatment Of Breast Cancer
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Intervention/Treatment

    myelo001 ...
  • Study Participants

Neutropenia is the most serious hematologic toxicity of cancer chemotherapy, often limiting the doses and density of chemotherapy that can be tolerated. The degree and duration of neutropenia determine the risk of infection. Myelo001, a small orally bioavailable molecule, has been shown in chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-induced myelosuppression to stimulate differentiation of peripheral white blood cells (WBC) and bone marrow cells of the leucocytic, lymphocytic, and erythrocytic lineage. The purpose of the MyeloConcept study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of Myelo001 in preventing or reducing chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and myelosuppression in patients receiving chemotherapy due to breast cancer.
Phase IIa study, 1:1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design, multi-center study. Each breast cancer patient will be randomly assigned into one of two treatment arms receiving either Myelo001 or placebo as a tablet. Investigational medicinal product is taken as supportive care for 23 consecutive days during chemotherapy treatment. Hematologic and safety parameters as well as actual begin and doses of following chemotherapy cycles will be assessed. A single primary variable will be analyzed with test statistics based on frequent absolute neutrophil measurements. Additionally, in a subgroup of patients biomarkers and pharmacokinetics of Myelo001 will be investigated.
Study Started
Mar 31
Primary Completion
Nov 30
Study Completion
Nov 30
Last Update
Nov 24

Drug Myelo001

Intake of study drug once daily per os for a maximum of 28 days in addition to Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide treatment

Drug Placebo

Intake of study drug once daily per os for a maximum of 28 days in addition to Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide treatment

Myelo001 Experimental

Myelo001 100 mg QD

Placebo Placebo Comparator

Matching Placebo QD


Inclusion Criteria:

Female patient of any racial origin having fulfilled her 18th birthday on Visit 1 (Screening)
Histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer scheduled for neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy (patient with primary wound healing ([R0])
Already selected for neoadjuvant or adjuvant standard of care EC regimen (Epirubicin 90 mg/m2 BSA (body surface area) + Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 BSA q21d (every 21 days)) (with or without treatment with taxanes afterwards)
Risk of chemotherapy-induced Febrile Neutropenia ≤20% according to ASCO Guidelines (2015)
More than 5 days remaining before the planned initiation of the 1st chemotherapy cycle
Performance status Grade 0-1 (ECOG)
Echocardiography: No contraindication for the scheduled chemotherapy

Haematologic, laboratory and chemistry thresholds at baseline:

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥2,000 cells/ mm3 (≥2.0 x 10/L)
Platelet count ≥100,000/mm3 (≥100 x 10exp9/L)
Haemoglobin ≥10 g/dL
Total bilirubin <1.5 x, AST, ALT <2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Serum creatinine <2.0 mg/dL
Able to read, understand and willing to sign the informed consent form
Able to undergo the investigations and to follow the Visit schedule

Exclusion Criteria:

Suspected allergy to Myelo001 or its excipients
Prior chemotherapy
Prior or concomitant treatment with radiotherapy
Currently on or scheduled for other immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive therapies (e.g. TNF inhibitors) during the first chemotherapy cycle
Currently on or scheduled for other immunostimulatory or hematopoietic active therapies (e.g.G-CSF, GM-CSF)
Currently on or scheduled for primary prophylaxis with antibiotics in the first chemotherapy cycle
History of bone marrow transplantation or stem cell transplant
Administration of another investigational medicinal product / medical device within 30 days prior to screening. Participation in non-interventional, national or international cancer registries is allowed.
Already confirmed HIV, hepatitis B or C virus (HBV or HCV) infection
History of somatic disease/condition that may interfere with the objectives of the study
Any other medical disease or clinical laboratory parameter outside the normal range and of clinical significance according to the investigator
Serious uncontrolled comorbidities
Pregnant or breast-feeding subject
Woman considered to be of childbearing potential who do not use highly effective birth control methods during the study.
No Results Posted