EXCELLENT (EXpanded CELL ENdocardiac Transplantation)
EXpanded CELL ENdocardiac Transplantation (EXCELLENT)
Indication/ConditionAcute Myocardial Infarction
Intervention/Treatmentautologous cd34+ cells ...
A multicentric controlled phase I / IIb study evaluating the safety and the efficacy of in vitro expanded peripheral blood CD34+ stem cells output by the StemXpand® Automated Process, and injected in patients with an acute myocardial infarction and a LVEF remaining below 50% versus standard of care.
The main purpose of this phase I/IIb is to evaluate the safety, the tolerance and the first efficacy trends of intracardiac injection of ProtheraCytes (autologous PB-CD34+ Stem Cells after automated ex-vivo expansion with the StemXpand machine) in patients with an acute myocardial infarction and decreased ejection fraction. ProtheraCytes will be reinjected using a dedicated catheter , thus avoiding open chest surgery.
ProtheraCytes endocardiac injections performed with the HELIX and Morph catheters
The interventional investigators will perform the ProtheraCytes® cardiac injections using a catheter introduced via the femoral route up to the left ventricle cavity for intraventricular injections (Helix/Biocardia) or a catheter introduced via the femoral / radial route up to coronary arteries for epicardiac injections (BullFrog/Mercator).
Patients will be treated as standard treatment for CHF post - AMI.
Inclusion criteria LV main AMI with or without ST segment elevation and with a detection of rise of troponin with at least one value 70 times above the upper reference limit. MI within 1 week after first symptoms. D0 = day of last stent implantation or; D0 = day of hospital presentation when no stent implanted. Combination of LVEF < 50% and LV akinetic or dyskinetic segment(s) - by echography as per local practice Age must be ≥ 18 and ≤ 85 years Men and Non-pregnant non-lactating women who take efficacious contraceptive measures such as oral contraceptive medications or efficacious and permanent intra-uterine device (drug eluted or not) (IUD) or subcutaneous permanent contraceptive implants or menopaused women (at least 2 years confirmed menopause) or surgically sterilized women. Having previously signed a written informed consent prior to any study-specific procedure LVEF remaining < 50% assessed by cMRI at D8 (± 3) Identification of LV segment(s) both non-viable (transmural scar extend >50%) and akinetic (no cardiac wall thickening during systole) or dyskinetic (cardiac wall thickening in the wrong orientation during systole) by cMRI at D8 (± 3) Non-inclusion criteria History of CABG surgery History of former significant mitral valve replacement surgery or heart transplantation. History of severe valve disease: mitral, aortic stenosis / insufficiency. History of non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy due to valvular dysfunction, mitral regurgitation, tachycardia, or myocarditis. Aortic stenosis as determined as valve area less than 1 cm2 that prohibits catheter access to LV. Presence of a prosthetic / mechanical aortic or mitral valve or heart constrictive device. Sepsis. Endocarditis. Infectious pericarditis; Pericardial tamponade. Left Ventricular Thrombus detected at Echo or MRI Severe peripheral vascular disease precluding femoral artery access as determined at the time of original catheterization. Any condition leading to contraindicated or unexploitable cMRI. History of metallic foreign body in their eye Former or current aortic dissection Previous G-CSF or other hematopoietic growth factor administration. Hepatic failure, history of liver cirrhosis or hepatic severe impairment. Constitutional or acquired coagulopathy Treated chronic renal failure, haemodialysis or renal severe impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min). Prior or concomitant malignancies except non-melanoma skin cancer or adequately treated in situ cervical cancer or previous cancer in complete response without any treatment in the last 5 years. History of prior mediastinal radiation exposure. Serious underlying medical condition at the investigator's discretion, which could impair the ability of the patient to participate in the trial (e.g. ongoing infection, active autoimmune disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Systemic Lupus, Multiple Sclerosis). Chronic immunomodulatory or cytotoxic drug treatment intake. Active bleeding or major surgery within 1 month. History or current Human immunodeficiency HIV1-2, HTLV1, HTLV2 (according to 2006/17/EC). Current Active Hepatitis B (according to 2006/17/EC). History or current Hepatitis C (according to 2006/17/EC). Syphilis (according to 2006/17/EC). Active participation in any other clinical trials. Current or recent treatment (within two months) with another investigational drug or procedure. Any other co-existing conditions that will preclude participation in the study or compromise ability to give informed consent. Impairment of cognitive function. If patient is 75-85 years old (included), score < 24 at Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) History of Splenomegaly; History of Phenylketonuria; History of iron-Dextran allergy; History of murine protein allergy. Diagnosis of Takotsubo Discontinuation criteria Left Ventricular Thrombus prior to injection Inadequate bone marrow function: patient at risk to have Haemoglobin < 10 g/dL and Platelet count < 100 x 109 /L at the time of blood harvest Blood transfusion within the previous 3 days before the first G-CSF injection Cardiogenic shock: requirement of i.v. catecholamines or mechanical hemodynamic support (aortic balloon pump) initiated 24 hours before screening cMRI.