Study Assessing Safety & Effectiveness of a Catheter Lock Solution in Dialysis Patients to Prevent Bloodstream Infection
Phase 3 Prospective, Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Active Control Study to Demonstrate Safety & Effectiveness of Neutrolin in Preventing Catheter-related Bloodstream Infection in Subjects on Hemodialysis for End Stage Renal Disease
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is determine safety and effectiveness of Neutrolin, a catheter lock solution, for prevention of central venous catheter associated bloodstream infection in hemodialysis patients.
The objective of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of Neutrolin® as a catheter lock solution (CLS) on prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), and the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events in subjects receiving hemodialysis (HD) for the treatment of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) when compared with heparin 4,000 USP Units/4mL (1,000 USP Units/mL).

This is a randomized, double-blind, active control, parallel-arm, multicenter study. Six hundred and thirty two subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either Neutrolin® or the active control heparin (Heparin sodium USP 1,000 units/mL, Benzyl alcohol 9.45 mg/mL and Sodium chloride 9.0 mg/mL) as a CLS.

Approximately 632 randomized subjects are planned for this trial. In this study, one-half of the subjects (316 subjects) will receive Neutrolin as a study drug and the other half will receive heparin 4,000 USP Units/4mL (1,000 USP Units/mL) with benzyl alcohol preservative as a comparator. Subjects will be assigned in a 1:1 ratio using permuted blocks without additional stratification for both groups.

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of Neutrolin® as a CLS in ESRD subjects undergoing HD treatment using a permanent, cuffed, tunneled silicone or polyurethane HD catheter. The study will evaluate whether Neutrolin® is superior to the active control heparin by documenting the time to CRBSI and consequently delaying the time until the occurrence of CRBSI.
Study Started
Dec 31
Primary Completion
Oct 31
Study Completion
Oct 31
Results Posted
Aug 31
Last Update
Aug 31

Drug Neutrolin

Neutrolin® will be instilled into central venous HD catheters at the discontinuation of all dialysis sessions and will be withdrawn prior to the initiation of the next dialysis session

  • Other names: 1.35% taurolidine, 3.5% citrate, heparin 1,000 USP Units/mL

Drug Heparin

Heparin will be instilled into central venous HD catheters at the discontinuation of all dialysis sessions and will be withdrawn prior to the initiation of the next dialysis session

  • Other names: Heparin Sodium

Neutrolin arm Experimental

Neutrolin: Neutrolin will be added to the central venous catheter after dialysis as a lock solution

Heparin arm Active Comparator

Heparin: Heparin will be added to the central venous catheter after dialysis as a lock solution


Inclusion Criteria:

Subject has ESRD and undergoes chronic HD at least two times per week
Subject has a HD catheter that has demonstrated the ability to achieve a minimum blood flow of at least 250 mL/min for at least two consecutive dialysis sessions blood flow to enable successful HD
The HD catheter is implanted with the tip in a jugular or subclavian vein
The subject is not expected to expire within 180 days
The subject is likely to require the use of a CVC for at least 90 days
The subject (or the legal guardian) understands the nature of the study and provides written informed consent prior to the study enrollment
The subject is willing to comply with specified follow-up evaluations and prescribed dialysis therapy and
If female and of childbearing potential, the subject must have a negative pregnancy test at the screening visit (i.e., subject is not pregnant); not be lactating; and use an acceptable method of contraception, including abstinence, a barrier method (diaphragm or condom), Depo-Provera, or hormonal contraceptive (oral, implant, ring, patch) for the duration of the study. (NOTE: The subject must have used the chosen method of birth control for at least 1 month/cycle prior to enrollment into the study).

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who received antibiotics within the last 14 days
Visible evidence of compromised skin integrity is present at the catheter exit site or evidence of a catheter exit site infection
Subject has received any thrombolytic treatment (i.e., tPA) in their current catheter within 30 days of randomization
Fill volume of HD catheter is unknown or cannot be determined
Subjects using any type of antimicrobial-coated or heparin-coated catheter
Documented chronic bleeding diathesis, active or recurrent bleeding within 1 month prior to randomization
Documented history of an atrial thrombus or known hypercoagulable state
Subjects with open, non-healing skin ulcers
Current requirement for systemic immunosuppression that would increase risk of infection
Active malignancy requiring or anticipated to require chemotherapy likely to cause leukopenia and/or immunosuppression
Known allergy or absolute contraindication to citrate, taurolidine or heparin or a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
Unstable malignancy
Cirrhosis with encephalopathy
Subject is currently taking another medication with known systemic drug interaction with citrate, taurolidine, or heparin
Subject is currently enrolled in another investigational device and/or drug trial or has participated in another investigational device and/or drug trial within 30 days prior to enrollment
Subject is anticipated to receive a renal transplant within 90 days (subjects can be on the transplant list, but a subject with a known or anticipated transplant date within the next 90 days should be excluded)

Any other medical condition which renders the subject unable to or unlikely to complete the study, or which would interfere with optimal participation in the study or produce significant risk to the subject.



Neutrolin Arm

Heparin Arm

All Events

Event Type Organ System Event Term Neutrolin Arm Heparin Arm

Presence of a CAC-Adjudicated Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection (CRBSI) in Subjects Receiving Hemodialysis for the Treatment of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): Final Analysis

CRBSI was defined as the same organism grown from at least one positive blood culture from a peripheral site or bloodline sample, or either the arterial or venous catheter hub. The final assessment of CRBSI was determined by a Clinical Adjudication Committee (CAC) who used both clinical documentation and blood culture results in their assessment.

Neutrolin Arm

Heparin Arm

Participants With a Study Catheter Removal for Any Reason

Analysis of all catheter removals during the study or until the catheter was removed

Neutrolin Arm

Heparin Arm



Age, Continuous

years (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 14.30

Race (NIH/OMB)

Region of Enrollment

Sex: Female, Male

Overall Study

Neutrolin Arm

Heparin Arm