Title

Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial of Fetal Atrial Flutter & Supraventricular Tachycardia Therapy (FAST RCT)
FAST RCT: Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial of Fetal Atrial Flutter & Supraventricular Tachycardia Therapy
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Status

    Recruiting
  • Intervention/Treatment

    flecainide digoxin sotalol ...
  • Study Participants

    600
Few studies are specifically designed to address health concerns relevant during pregnancy. The consequence is a lack of evidence on best clinical practice. This includes mothers and their babies when pregnancy is complicated by an abnormally fast heart rate up to 300 beats per minute due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVA) in the unborn baby (fetus). Although fetal SVA, including atrial flutter (AF) and other forms of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), is the most common cause of intended in-utero fetal therapy, none of the medication used to date has been evaluated for their effects on the mother and her baby in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). As a consequence, physicians need to make decisions about the management of such pregnancies without any evidence from controlled trials on drug efficacy and safety and no consensus among specialists for the optimal management. The Fetal Atrial Flutter and Supraventricular Tachycardia (FAST) Therapy Trial is a prospective multi-center trial that addresses this knowledge gap to guide future fetal SVA therapy to the best of care. Study components of FAST include three prospective sub-studies to determine the efficacy and safety of commonly used transplacental drug regimens in suppressing fetal AF without hydrops (RCT A), SVT without hydrops (RCT B), and SVT with hydrops (RCT C). All RCTs are open label phase III trials of standard 1st line therapy, which either is started as monotherapy (no hydrops) or as dual therapy (hydrops). The primary study aim is the probability of a normal pregnancy outcome after treatment start with Digoxin or Sotalol (AF without hydrops); Digoxin or Flecainide (SVT without hydrops); and Digoxin plus Sotalol or Digoxin plus Flecainide (SVT with hydrops).
Study Started
Feb 29
2016
Primary Completion
Mar 31
2023
Anticipated
Study Completion
Mar 31
2023
Anticipated
Last Update
Oct 20
2021

Drug Digoxin (monotherapy)

Oral or IV loading dose: 0.5 mg q 12 h (total 4 doses over 48 hours) followed by Oral maintenance dose: 0.25 mg-1mg/day

Drug Sotalol (monotherapy)

Oral dose: 80 mg TID or 120 mg BID (240 mg/day)

Drug Flecainide (monotherapy)

Oral dose: 100 mg TID (300 mg/day)

Drug Digoxin (dual therapy)

Oral or IV loading dose: 0.5 mg q 8 h (total 4 doses over 32 hours) followed by oral maintenance dose: 0.25 mg-1mg/day

Drug Sotalol (dual therapy)

Oral dose: 160 mg BID (320 mg/day)

Drug Flecainide (dual therapy)

Oral dose:100 mg TID (300 mg/day)

RCT A (1st arm): AF without hydrops Active Comparator

Atrial Flutter (AF) without hydrops: Treatment with Digoxin as monotherapy.

RCT A (2nd arm): AF without hydrops Active Comparator

Atrial Flutter (AF) without hydrops: Treatment with Sotalol as monotherapy.

RCT B (1st arm): SVT without hydrops Active Comparator

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) without hydrops: Treatment with Digoxin as monotherapy.

RCT B (2nd arm): SVT without hydrops Active Comparator

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) without hydrops: Treatment with Flecainide as monotherapy.

RCT C (1st arm): SVT with hydrops Active Comparator

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) with hydrops: Treatment with Digoxin and Sotalol.

RCT C (2nd arm): SVT with hydrops Active Comparator

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) with hydrops: Treatment with Digoxin and Flecainide.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Mother has provided written informed consent to participate
Either fetal AF without hydrops, SVT without hydrops or SVT with hydrops

Tachyarrhythmia that is significant enough to justify immediate transplacental pharmacological treatment:

Tachycardia ≥ 180 bpm during at least 10% of observation time of 30 minutes or longer
Tachycardia ≥ 170 bpm during +100% of time (≤ 30 0/7 weeks of gestation)
Tachycardia ≥ 280 bpm (irrespective of SVA duration)
SVT with fetal hydrops (irrespective of duration)
Gestational age > 12 0/7 weeks and <36 0/7 weeks at time of enrollment
Untreated tachycardia at time of enrollment
Singleton Pregnancy

Healthy mother with ± normal pre-treatment cardiovascular findings:

ECG without significant abnormalities (sinus rhythm; QTc ≤ 0.47; PR ≤ 0.2 sec; QRS: ≤ 0.12 sec; isolated PACs or PVCs or isolated complete right bundle branch block allowed)
Resting heart rate ≥ 50 bpm
Systolic BP ≥ 85 bpm

Exclusion Criteria:

AF with hydrops (eligible for FAST Registry only)
Any maternal-fetal conditions associated with high odds of premature delivery or death other than tachycardia (e.g. severe IUGR; premature rupture of membrane; life-threatening maternal disease (incl. pre-eclampsia; HELLP syndrome); severe congenital fetal abnormalities (T 13 or 18; surgery or death expected < 1 month)
History of significant maternal heart condition (open heart surgery; sick sinus syndrome; channelopathy (long QT, Brugada syndrome); ventricular tachycardia; WPW syndrome; high-degree heart block; cardiomyopathy)
Relevant preexisting maternal obstructive airway disease including asthma

Current therapy with the following medications:

Antiarrhythmic drugs
Pentamidine
Maternal serum potassium level <3.3 mmol/L / <3.3 mEq/L (at start of treatment)
Maternal ionized serum calcium level of <1 mmol/L / <4 mg/dL) or total serum calcium level <2 mmol/L / <8mg/dL (at start of treatment)
Maternal serum creatinine level > 97.2 µmol/L (>1.1 mg/dl)
No Results Posted