Investigation of the Glycemic Index of Ethiopian Honey
Investigation of Ethiopian Honey: Botanical Origin, Physicochemical, Antioxidant, Microbial Quality, Glycemic Index and Sensory Properties
  • Phase

    Early Phase 1
  • Study Type

  • Intervention/Treatment

    honey ...
  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to determine which of the Ethiopian honeys slowly/rapidly raise the blood glucose level.
Addis Ababa University, College of Natural Sciences, Research Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved this study. Written consent forms were obtained from all 14 volunteers (7 females and 7 males). The subjects were randomly recruited from twenty eight 3rd year Food Science and Postharvest Technology students. People volunteering to participate in the study were excluded if they are: overweight, dieting, smoking, a family history of diabetes, pregnant, metabolic disorders, suffering from any illness or food allergy and regularly taking medication. The participants were checked for glucose tolerance according to the WHO (World Health Organization) classification (fasting glucose <7 mmol/L(millimole per lite) and 2-hour blood glucose concentration after a 25g glucose load <7.8 mmol/L). Ten (5 females and 5 males) were selected from fourteen using lottery sampling methods. Reference glucose and monofloral honeys were used as experimental foods. To determine the GI value, 25 grams of available carbohydrate was fed for ten healthy people in the morning after they have fasted for 11 hours overnight. After fasting blood sample was obtained. The study participants were consumed each honey and reference glucose served. Additional blood samples were taken at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes after eating commenced. Blood glucose response (Area under the curve, AUCt) for test food was compared to the blood glucose response of reference glucose (AUCr). AUC was calculated using SAS (Statistical Analysis Software), 2002. Glycemic index (GI) was calculated using:

GI= AUCt/AUCr*100


AUCt = Area Under the Curve for honey; AUCr = Area Under the Curve for the reference glucose
Study Started
Jun 30
Primary Completion
Nov 30
Study Completion
Feb 29
Results Posted
Dec 28
Last Update
Dec 28

Biological Provision of experimental honey

Acacia, Becium grandiflorum, Croton macrostachys, Eucalyptus globules, Hypoestes, Leaucas abyssinica, Schefflera abyssinica, Syzygium guineense and reference glucose were used as test food. 25g available carbohydrate of the test food was provided to ten human subjects after fasted for 11 hours overnight.

  • Other names: Honey Glycemic Index

Provision of experimental honeys Experimental

Eight experimental monofloral honeys and reference glucose


Inclusion Criteria:

Clinical diagnosis of diabetes Disease
Must be able to drink the honeys and reference glucose

Exclusion Criteria:

Overweight, dieting, smoking, a family history of diabetes, pregnant, metabolic disorders, suffering from any illness or food allergy and regularly taking medication.


Honey Glycemic Index

All Events

Event Type Organ System Event Term

Examine Effect of Monofloral Honey Types on Glycemic Index of Health Human Subjects

Ten healthy individuals consumed monofloral honeys (25g of available carbohydrate in 250 mL water) after fasting for 11 hours. Blood glucose levels (mmol/L) were recorded at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Time (0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes) verse blood glucose levels (mmol/L) used to establish the area under the curve (AUC) for the honeys and reference glucose. This was used to calculate the glycemic index of honey each honey (GI= AUC for honey/AUC for reference glucose*100). All 10 participants took eight different honeys and reference glucose on nine different days (with randomized allocation of samples).

Provision of Experimental Honeys


Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.19

Becium grandiflorum

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.73

Croton macrostachyus

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.26

Eucalyptus globulus

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.34


Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 6.69

Leucas abyssinica

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.58

Schefflera abyssinica

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.47

Syzygium guineense

Index (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 7.37

Age, Continuous

years (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 1.17

Blood glucose level (mmol/L)


Age, Categorical


Overall Study

Honey Glycemic Index