Phlebotomy and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Effect of Decreasing Iron Tissue Depots on the Cardiovascular Risk of Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
AIMS To study the effects of the decrease in iron tissue depots after scheduled bloodletting on insulin sensitivity, carbohydrate metabolism, classic and non-classic cardiovascular risk factors in patients with functional hyperandrogenism (polycystic ovary syndrome & idiopathic hyperandrogenism) on standard treatment with combined oral contraceptives (COC) according to usual clinical practice.
Open label, controlled, parallel, prospective study of 12 months of duration, with 2 randomized arms of follow-up:
i) Intervention Group: Patients with functional hyperandrogenism on standard COC treatment randomly allocated to perform scheduled phlebotomies from the third month of treatment to the end of the study (3 times with a 3-month interval between them).
ii) Control Group: Patients with functional hyperandrogenism on standard COC treatment randomly allocated to follow-up without bloodletting.
The whole group of patients will undergo a comprehensive anthropometric and hormonal assessment, evaluation of classic cardiovascular risk factors (insulin sensitivity and carbohydrate metabolism after a standard oral glucose test- 75 g), lipid profile, ambulatory and office blood pressure monitoring, proinflammatory profile, oxidative stress status, autonomic function assessment, and iron-related metabolism parameters at baseline, after 3-month COC treatment and after reduction of iron tissue depots plus OC in the Intervention Group of patients, and throughout follow-up under treatment with COC in the Control Group of patients. If a significant relationship between circulating hepcidin levels and elevated ferritin concentrations is observed, a study of the potential influence of mutations/polymorphic variants of hepcidin gene on ferritin values will be performed as well.
Scheduled standard phlebotomy every three months from month 3 to 12 of follow-up.
35 mcg ethinylestradiol qd for 21 days per month as usual clinical practice.
2 mg cyproterone acetate qd for 21 days per month as usual clinical practice.
Premenopausal women with functional hyperandrogenism under combined oral contraceptive pill qd as usual clinical practice who will undergo a scheduled standard phlebotomy every 3 months from month 3 to 12 of follow-up.
Inclusion Criteria: Premenopausal women with functional hyperandrogenism defined as: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism plus ovulatory dysfunction or polycystic ovarian morphology. Idiopathic hyperandrogenism: Clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism with normal ovulatory cycles and normal ovarian morphology. Combined oral contraceptive pill indication for treatment: i) hyperandrogenism-related dermo-cosmetic complaints with psychoemotional impact; ii) endometrial protection; and/or iii) contraception desire. Scheduled phlebotomy acceptation if randomly allocated. Signed informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: Contraindication for blood donation. Plasma ferritin < 76 pmol/l and/or transferrin saturation percent < 15%. Anemia (plasma hemoglobin < 12 g/dl or hematocrit < 36%). Chronic kidney disease (eGFR < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2). Personal history of dyslipidemia, hypertension, prediabetes, diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes or cardiovascular events. Treatment with oral contraceptives, antiandrogens, insulin sensitizers, drugs that might interfere with blood pressure regulation, lipid profile or carbohydrate metabolism, and oral/parenteral iron therapy for the previous 3 months to inclusion. Previous surgical treatment for PCOS. History of blood donation for the previous 12 months to inclusion. Current history of infectious disease, inflammatory disease, liver disease, neurologic disease or malignancy. Eating disorders. Body mass index < 18.5 Kg/m2. Hereditary hemochromatosis. Celiac disease or malabsorptive disorder. Contraindication for treatment with combined oral contraceptives. Pregnancy. Current smoking, recreational drug use or excessive alcohol consumption (> 40 g per day).