Official Title

Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood Infusion for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Phase

    Phase 1
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

This study is a prospective phase 1 single-center trial designed to determine the safety of a single intravenous infusion of autologous umbilical cord blood in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and assess the feasibility of various outcome measures to determine which measure(s) can be used as primary and secondary endpoints for a future randomized phase 2 clinical trial. All subjects will receive infusion of cord blood cells at baseline with follow up assessments at 6 and 12 months.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopment disorder with early onset in life. Currently, available treatments for patients with ASD are supportive, but not curative. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has been shown to lessen the clinical and radiographic impact of hypoxic brain injury and stroke in animal models and in infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. UCB also engrafts and differentiates in the brain, facilitating neural cell repair in animal models and human patients with inborn errors of metabolism undergoing allogeneic, unrelated donor UCB transplantation. Infusion of autologous UCB does not require immunosuppression and has been shown to be safe in young children with brain injuries such as cerebral palsy and stroke. In this study, the investigators hypothesize that infusion of a patient's own umbilical cord blood cells (UCB) can offer neural protection/repair in the brain and reduction of inflammation associated with this disorder.
Study Started
Jun 30
Primary Completion
Dec 31
Study Completion
Dec 31
Last Update
Dec 03

Biological Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood

All participants will receive autologous umbilical cord blood cells with a pre-cryopreservation cell dose of 1-5 x 10^7 Total Nucleated Cells (TNC)/kilogram of subject body weight. The cells will be administered as a single intravenous (into the vein) infusion over 2 to 25 minutes

Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB) Experimental

All participants will receive a single intravenous (into the vein) infusion of autologous umbilical cord blood cells.


Inclusion Criteria:

Age ≥ 24 months to ≤72months at the time of visit 1

Confirmed clinical DSM-5 diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder using all three of the following measures:

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule - Toddler or Generic (ADOS)
Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R)
DSM-5 checklist
IQ ≥ 35 on Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale or similar standardized test
Autologous umbilical cord blood available from a cord blood bank with a minimum total nucleated cell dose of ≥ 1 x 107 cells/kilogram of subject weight that meets acceptance criteria outlined in section 6.0 with confirmed HLA matching
Stable on current medications for at least 2 months prior to infusion of cord blood
Ability to travel to Duke University three times (0, 6, 12 mo.), parent/guardian able to participate in electronic communication tracking two times in the study and interim phone surveys every 3 months
Parental consent
Subject and parent/guardian must be English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

Unwilling to commit to follow up for a year
History of prior cell therapy
Use of IVIG or other anti-inflammatory medications with the exception of NSAIDs
Medical records indicate that child has genetic or other syndromes such as fragile X, neurofibromatosis, Rett syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, PTEN mutation, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy, Crohn's disease, or rheumatoid disease
Co-morbid condition that would influence child's performance on assessments.
Central Nervous System (CNS) infection
History of unstable epilepsy or uncontrolled seizure disorder, infantile spasms, Lennox Gastaut syndrome, Dravet syndrome
Known pathogenic copy number variation (CNV) (e.g. 16p11.2, 15q13.2, 2q13.3)
Significant sensory (i.e., deafness, blind) or motor impairment (CP) (if using Language Environment Analysis (LENA), no uncorrected hearing impairment)
Presence of obvious physical dysmorphology
Review of medical records indicates ASD diagnosis not likely or other serious complicating genetic or medical condition present
Impaired renal or liver function as determined by serum creatinine >1.5mg/dL and/or total bilirubin>1.3mg/dL
Clinically significant abnormalities in Complete Blood Count (CBC): Hemoglobin < 10.0 g/dL, White Blood Count (WBC) < 3.8 x 10e9, Platelets < 150x 10e9.
Known metabolic disorder, mitochondrial dysfunction
Uncontrolled infection, presence of or infection with HIV
Active malignancy
Macroencephaly or microencephaly ( >2 standard deviations in the relevant direction between head circumference and height)
Change in current stable use of psychoactive medications; as per parent report.
No Results Posted