Official Title

Prevention of Silent Cerebral Thromboembolism by Oral Anticoagulation With Dabigatran After Pulmonary Vein Isolation for Atrial Fibrillation
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Status

    Active, not recruiting
  • Intervention/Treatment

    dabigatran ...
  • Study Participants

    200
Oral anticoagulation treatment (OAC) following clinically successful catheter abla-tion of atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. Recent guidelines recommended con-tinuation of OAC in all patients with CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2 even if there is no evidence of recurrent AF (Camm JA et al., Eur Heart J 2012). The net clinical ben-efit of OAC after successful ablation in these patients remains to some extent un-clear. As OAC bears the risk of bleeding events, the ODIn-AF study aims to evalu-ate the positive effect of OAC on the incidence of silent cerebral embolic events in patients with a high risk for embolic events, free from AF after successful pulmo-nary vein ablation. ODIn-AF aims to determine that continued administration of dabigatran is superior in the preven-tion of silent cerebral embolism to discontinuation of OAC after 3 months in pa-tients free from symptomatic AF-episodes with a CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2 after the first pulmonary vein ablation for paroxysmal AF.
Study Started
Aug 31
2015
Primary Completion
Aug 31
2020
Anticipated
Study Completion
Aug 31
2020
Anticipated
Last Update
Aug 14
2020

Drug Dabigatran

Antral pulmonary vein ablation for patients with AF left atrial fibrosis/electrical scar assessment by electroanatomical mapping followed by 6 months OAC (3 months blanking period + 3 months observation period) in case of AF-recurrence in month 4-6: re- pulmonary vein ablation followed again by 6 months OAC (3 months blanking period + 3 months observation period) AF-free patients as assessed by 72h Holter ECG and symptoms wil be random-izedals to the following two interventional arms: Experimental arm (group A): OAC with dabigatran for 12 months Control arm (group B): No OAC (no placebo medication) for 12 months - Cerebral MRI at randomisation and 12 months later

Oral Anticoagulation with Dabigatran Experimental

The recommended daily dose of Pradaxa is 300 mg taken as one 150 mg capsule twice daily. For the following patients the recommended daily dose of Pradaxa is 220 mg taken as one 110 mg capsule twice daily: Patients aged 75 years or above Cr-Cl 30-50 ml/min Patients who receive concomitant verapamil For the following groups, the daily dose of Pradaxa of 300 mg or 220 mg should be selected based on an individual assessment of the thromboembolic risk and the risk of bleeding: Patients with moderate renal impairment Patients with gastritis, esophagitis or gastroesophageal reflux Other patients at increased risk of bleeding

No Oral Anticoagulation No Intervention

Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Written informed consent
Patients undergoing circumferential antral PV ablation for non-valvular (mitral regurgitation less than moderate- severe insufficiency; no relevant mitral stenosis with a mean pressure gradient >5mmHg) symptomatic, paroxysmal AF or persistent AF (duration < 12 months) with risk factors resulting in a CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2, using a cooled tip RF-, laser- or cryo-balloon-catheter.
CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2

Randomization criteria:

Sinus rhythm (as assessed by 72h Holter ECG) following the 3 months blanking and 3 months observation period after first or second pulmo-nary vein ablation procedure
No clinical evidence of recurrent AF after completing 3 months blanking and 3 months observation period as assessed by symptoms
No other relevant contraindication for OAC assessed by randomization MRI of the brain

Exclusion criteria:

Severe mental retardation or psychiatrical disorder resulting in incapabil-ity to adequately understand nature, significance, implications and risks of study parcipitation (i.e. bipolar disorders, severe depression, suicidal tendencies, among others) as judged by the local physician, ongoing drug or alcohol addiction (> 8 drinks/week)
Pregnancy /breast feeding
Severely impaired renal function, GFR < 30 ml/min
Impaired liver function (ALT/AST transaminase count 3fold higher than normal values) or liver disease with reduced life expectancy <1 year
Valvular AF (moderate- severe mitral insufficiency; relevant mitral steno-sis with a mean pressure gradient >5mmHg)
Long standing persistent (>12 months) and permanent AF
NSTEMI/STEMI/implantated drug eluting stent with indication for dual antiplatelet therapy within 12 months before enrolment
History of complex left atrial ablation procedures. One previous PVI al-lowed.
Clinical indication for extended left atrial ablation procedures (CFAE-, rotor-ablation)
History or presence of left atrial or ventricular thrombus
History of stroke / TIA independent from etiology
Acute major bleedings
Lesion or condition, if considered a significant risk factor for major bleeding. This may include current or recent gastrointestinal ulceration, presence of malignant neoplasms at high risk of bleeding, recent brain or spinal injury, recent brain, spinal or ophthalmic surgery, recent intracranial haemorrhage, known or suspected oesophageal varices, arteriovenous malformations, vascular aneurysms or major intraspinal or intracerebral vascular abnormalities
Need for concomitant anitcoagulation in addition to dabigatran
History of previous surgery resulting in contraindication for OAC
History of malignoma resulting in contraindication for OAC
Mechanical prosthetic heart valve or other indication for permanent OAC
Contraindication for MRI (i.e. metal implants unsuitable for MRI, wearing of magnetic or metallic objects that cannot be removed from the body (such as body piercing, implanted electrodes, contraceptive coil), inabil-ity to lie on the back for an extended period of time, uncontrollable claustrophobia, hypersensitivity to noise etc.). Pacemaker and ICD-patients may be included at the discretion of the local investigators/radiologists if MRI is warranted
Hypersensitivity against dabigatran or other ingredients of the medical product
Concomitant medication with dronedarone, ketoconazole, itraconazole, cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other interacting drugs as specified in the drug information
Simultaneous participation in any clinical trial involving administration of an investigational medicinal product within 30 days prior to clinical trial beginning
Females of childbearing potential, who are not using or not willing to use medically reliable methods of contraception for the entire study duration (such as oral, injectable, or implantable contraceptives, or intrauterine contraceptive devices) unless they are surgically sterilized / hysterectomized or there are any other criteria considered sufficiently reliable by the investigator in individual cases
Conditions which interfere with the study treatment at the discretion of the investigator
No Results Posted