Official Title

To Develop, Implement and Evaluate the Polio Demonstration Project Comprising of a Community Based Intervention Package for Polio Eradication in Pakistan
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Status

    Active, not recruiting
  • Study Participants

    60000
The objective of the projects is to Develop and implement a Package of interventions that will comprise of an augmented communication and counseling strategy coupled with private sector involvement and a combined Oral Polio Vaccine and Inject able Polio Vaccine approach during the Polio campaigns followed by the evaluation of this project for acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention Package.
This particular project has been designed to address the bottlenecks through innovations to address community mobilization and demand creation on one hand and assess the synergistic immune enhancement potential of combining Inject able Polio Vaccine (IPV) and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in at-risk children. This project will be implemented in high risk union councils of Karachi, district Kashmore in Sindh and Bajaur Agency in Federally administered Tribal areas (FATA)

This will be a three cell cluster randomized trial to achieve the objectives of the study. The first cell of the study will receive all the routine activities being carried out by the polio program, the second cell will receive an expanded intervention with community support groups, enhanced communication package, education and counseling and involvement of private sector. While the third cell will receive all of the interventions of second cell with a combined OPV IPV approach during the polio immunization campaign through child health camps.

We have calculated a total sample size of 120 clusters, 40 clusters per group for each study area i-e 120 for Karachi, 120 for Kashmore and 120 for Bajaur. Polio program in Pakistan has well established and demarcated vaccination areas assigned to a vaccination team, each vaccination area usually covers about 200 children therefore the area of vaccination team will be considered as one cluster in the proposed study.

The implementation of the project will be followed by impact assessment activities that will include post vaccination coverage surveys and Immunity assessment activities and Environmental sample collection. A total sample size of 5310 children has been calculated for the immunity studies for seroprevalance and 5130 for stool virus shedding
Study Started
Jul 31
2013
Primary Completion
Jul 31
2017
Study Completion
Dec 31
2021
Anticipated
Last Update
Feb 18
2021

Behavioral Enhanced Community mobilization

Biological Combined Oral Polio Vaccine and Inject able Polio Vaccine during SIA

Group A No Intervention

Routine Polio Program activities will be carried out with out any active intervention

Group B Experimental

Expanded intervention with following components Community support groups for both male and female at village/community level Enhanced communication package and involvement of local social networks for group counseling on promotion of nutrition, hygiene and Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) vaccinations Involvement of Private sector (General Physicians,health care providers etc.) through advocacy and inclusion in Supplementary Immunization activities (SIAs) Delivery of interventions & commodities through low cost health camps during National Immunization days (NIDs) and SIAs (will also assist in mop-up campaigns)

Group C Experimental

All Interventions of Group A and B Plus combined bOPV/IPV strategy in the SIAs during the project

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Healthy children aged 1 month to 5 years that reside within the study sites, and do not plan to travel away during entire the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

Children with known thrombocytopenia or bleeding disorders; children acutely ill or with signs of acute infection (e.g. fever ≥ 101 F) at the time of NID and a diagnosis or suspicion of immunodeficiency disorder.
No Results Posted