Title

A Study of De-immunized DI-Leu16-IL2 Administered Subcutaneously in Participants With B-cell NHL
A Phase I/II Study of De-immunized DI-Leu16-IL2 Immunocytokine Administered Subcutaneously in Patients With B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)
  • Phase

    Phase 1/Phase 2
  • Study Type

    Interventional
  • Study Participants

    24
This dose-escalation study is designed for determining the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), biological, and clinical activity of DI-Leu16-IL2 administered to participants with cluster of differentiation 20 (CD20) positive NHL that have failed standard rituximab-containing therapy.
The participants will be enrolled during dose escalation and during 2 expansion cohorts of up to 12 participants each.

The dose escalation portion of the trial will incorporate a modified accelerated titration design. Therefore, the trial will enroll 3 participants per dose level with a doubling of the dose at each level during the accelerated stage of the study (skipping every other dose level). Once the first instance of any Grade 3 or higher treatment related toxicity (with some notable exceptions) is observed on the first cycle, the accelerated stage will end and the trial will revert to a conventional design using cohorts of 3 or 6 participants (standard 3+3 design), with single step 2 milligrams (mg)/square meter (m^2) increments.

To further explore the clinical efficacy, additional participants (up to 12 per cohort) may be enrolled at the optimal biologic dose (OBD) or maximum tolerated dose (MTD).

At the end of the study, participants may be enrolled into an open-label extension study (AO-101-EXT [NCT02151903]), at the discretion of the investigator.
Study Started
Nov 25
2013
Primary Completion
Jan 27
2014
Study Completion
Nov 16
2016
Results Posted
Nov 24
2020
Last Update
Nov 24
2020

Drug DI-Leu16-IL2

DI-Leu16-IL2 will be administered per dose and schedule specified in the arm.

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2 Experimental

Participants will receive DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2 subcutaneously (SC) for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) for a total of 4 cycles.

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2 Experimental

Participants will receive DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2 SC for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) for a total of 4 cycles.

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2 Experimental

Participants will receive DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2 SC for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) for a total of 4 cycles.

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2 Experimental

Participants will receive DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2 SC for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) for a total of 4 cycles

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2 Experimental

Participants will receive DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2 SC for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) for a total of 4 cycles.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants with CD20-expressing B-cell NHL that is relapsed or refractory to standard therapy. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma with peripheral blood leukemia/lymphoma cells and high-grade lymphomas are excluded.
Participants must have received prior rituximab-containing therapy.
Evaluable disease. In the absence of lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly with defects or measurable extra-medullary disease is acceptable.
Participants who have received a prior autologous stem cell transplant are eligible if the transplant occurred >6 months ago.

Participants who have received a prior allogeneic stem cell transplant are eligible if:

The transplant occurred >6 months ago
There is no evidence of active graft versus host disease
Systemic immunosuppressive agents (including corticosteroids) have not been received for at least 8 weeks
Karnofsky performance scale ≥70%
Life expectancy ≥12 weeks

Adequate baseline functions:

Serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/deciliter (dL)
Total white blood cell (WBC) count ≥3000/microliter (µL) or absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000/µL
Absolute lymphocyte count ≥0.75 * 10^3/µL
Platelet count ≥75,000/µL
Hematocrit ≥25% or hemoglobin ≥9 grams/100 milliliters (mL)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <2.5 * upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <2.5 * ULN
Total bilirubin (TBili) <1.5 * ULN
Sodium, potassium, and phosphorus levels no worse than grade 1
Chest x-ray (CXR) or computed tomography (CT) within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 with no evidence of pulmonary congestion, pleural effusions, pulmonary fibrosis, or significant emphysema. If results are questionable, participants should have additional lung function testing to exclude clinically relevant restriction or obstruction. Participants must have a forced expiratory volume (FEV-1) and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) of at least 65% and 50% of expected, respectively.
Electrocardiogram (12-lead ECG) QTc ≤480 millisecond (ms)
Cardiac stress test (for example, stress thallium scan, stress echocardiography) with normal results if participant is suspected to have coronary artery disease.
Participants participating in the study are to use adequate birth control measures (abstinence, oral contraceptives, barrier method with spermicide or surgical sterilization) during the study. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test on the days of dosing. A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (that is, has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
Provide written informed consent prior to any screening procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

Evidence of central nervous system lymphoma or lymphomatous meningitis
Prior treatment with interleukin 2 (IL2) within the last 5 years
Type I hypersensitivity or anaphylactic reactions to murine proteins or to previous infusion of rituximab
Pregnant or lactating female
An immediate need for palliative radiotherapy or systemic corticosteroid therapy
Known intercurrent infections (including hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus or other conditions), or clinical evidence of these conditions
Actively infected with or chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus as demonstrated by positive hepatitis B core antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen. Participants who are seropositive only, that is, surface antibody positive [HbsAb], are permitted.
Other significant active infection.
Major surgery, chemotherapy, investigational agent, or radiation within 30 days of Day 1
Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic greater to or equal to 100 millimeters of mercury [mmHg]) or hypotension (systolic less than or equal to 90 mmHg)
History of repeated and clinically relevant episodes of syncope or other paroxysmal, ventricular, or other significant arrhythmias
History of medically significant ascites requiring repetitive paracentesis
Previous diagnosis of autoimmune disease (Exceptions: participants with autoimmune thyroiditis or vitiligo may be enrolled)
Organ transplant recipient
History of prior therapy or a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder that in the Investigator's opinion would impair participation in the study
Known hypersensitivity to Tween-80 or human immunoglobulin
Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity
Participants with bulky lymph nodes (LNs) (≥10 centimeters [cm]) or marked splenomegaly (that is, extending into pelvis or crossing the midline).
Circulating levels of rituximab >75.0 micrograms (µg)/mL

Summary

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

All Events

Event Type Organ System Event Term DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2 DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2 DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2 DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2 DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of DI-Leu16-IL2

The MTD was determined based on toxicities from the first 2 cycles of treatment. The MTD was the highest dose tested with no more than 1 participant out of 6 experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). All non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) and all hematologic AEs of greater than Grade 3 were considered relevant to determining DLTs. DLTs included absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) Grade 3 and 4 (if ALC does not resolve to baseline grade according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4 within 5 days post the final injection per cycle of DI-Leu16-IL2), and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) Grade 3 (If ANC does not resolve to at least Grade 2 within 5 days post the final injection per cycle of DI-Leu16-IL2) and Grade 4 (any).

DI-Leu16-IL2

4.0
mg/m^2

Number of Participants With a DLT

All non-hematologic AEs and all hematologic AEs of greater than Grade 3 were considered relevant to determining DLTs. DLTs included ALC Grade 3 and 4 (if ALC does not resolve to baseline grade according to CTCAE v4 within 5 days post the final injection per cycle of DI-Leu16-IL2), and ANC Grade 3 (If ANC does not resolve to at least Grade 2 within 5 days post the final injection per cycle of DI-Leu16-IL2) and Grade 4 (any).

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

Number of Participants With Best Overall Response (BOR) Assessed Per International Workshop for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) Response Criteria

BOR included complete response (CR), unconfirmed CR (CRu), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progressive disease (PD). CR: 1) Disappearance of all detectable clinical and radiological evidence of disease; 2) lymph nodes (LN) regressed to normal size; 3) other organs (spleen, liver, kidneys) that were enlarged before therapy must have decreased in size; 4) clear bone marrow (BM) infiltrate. CRu: must meet CR criteria 1 and 3, as well as ≥1 of following: residual LN mass >1.5 cm in greatest transverse diameter; individual nodes that were previously confluent regressed by >75% in sum of product diameters (SPD); or indeterminate BM. PR: 6 largest dominant nodes or nodal masses decreased by ≤50% in SPD; no increase in size of other nodes; liver or spleen; splenic and hepatic nodules regressed ≥50% in SPD; and no new disease. SD: less than a PR but not PD. PD: 50% increase from nadir in SPD of any abnormal node for PR or nonresponders and appearance of any new lesion.

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

CR

CRu

PD

PR

SD

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

CR

CRu

PD

PR

SD

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

CR

CRu

PD

PR

SD

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

CR

CRu

PD

PR

SD

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

CR

CRu

PD

PR

SD

Tumor Measurement: Percent Change From Baseline in Sum of Product of Diameters at the End of Study

Sum of product diameters sums the product of the 2 tumor measurements on each lesion. If only 1 measurement was available, it was used as the longest length and the product of the lengths in the sum. Baseline value is the last non-missing measurement prior to receiving study drug injection. None of the participants were considered evaluable in 'DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2' arm for this outcome measure at the end of study, and therefore, data were not collected for that arm.

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

-31.54881
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 60.445273

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

-26.37248
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 78.719865

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

48.83017
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 120.291120

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

87.98408
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 78.864919

Tumor Measurement: Percent Change From Baseline in Sum of Longest Diameters at the End of Study

Sum of longest diameters is the sum of the longest measured length of each tumor lesion. Baseline value is the last non-missing measurement prior to receiving study drug injection. None of the participants were considered evaluable in 'DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2' arm for this outcome measure at the end of study, and therefore, data were not collected for that arm.

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

-30.657
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 60.3132

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

-27.412
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 49.2553

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

1.398
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 43.4731

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

28.516
percent change (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 22.5263

Number of Participants With Anti-DI-Leu16-IL2 Antibodies

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

Total

24
Participants

Age, Continuous

60.9
years (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 11.49

Tumor Measurement: Sum of Longest of Diameters

9.161
cm (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 4.9829

Tumor Measurement: Sum of Product of Diameters

20.50816
centimeters (cm) (Mean)
Standard Deviation: 16.836733

Sex: Female, Male

Overall Study

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 1.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2

Drop/Withdrawal Reasons

DI-Leu16-IL2 0.5 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 2.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 4.0 mg/m^2

DI-Leu16-IL2 6.0 mg/m^2