Efficacy of Quetiapine XR Versus Divalproex on Clinical Outcome Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life in Bipolar Depression
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Study Participants

Quetiapine is one of atypical antipsychotics with good efficacy and better side effect profiles than conventional antipsychotics, so it is being widely used beyond the treatment of schizophrenia. Recently, the BOLDER I and II study showed that quetiapine monotherapy is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for depressive episodes in bipolar disorder. However, most c1inicians did not have confidence with quetiapine monotherapy yet, and most practice guidelines recommend the monotherapy with mood stabilizer as the first-line treatment. The Korean medication algorithm for bipolar disorder published in 2006 also recommend the monotherapy with lithium, divalproex, or lamotrigine in the treatment of mild to moderate depressive episode of bipolar disorder.

Therefore, the aim of this study is investigating the efficacy and safety of quetiapine monotherapy when compared with mood stabilizer monotherapy. In addition, the investigators are going to reveal the quality of sleep and quality of life, of the two groups of patients.
Study Started
Aug 31
Primary Completion
Aug 31
Study Completion
Sep 30
Last Update
Apr 27

Drug Quetiapine fumarate

Efficacy of Quetiapine XR vs. Divalproex on Clinical Outcome, Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life in Bipolar Depression

  • Other names: Seroquel XR, Quetiapine fumarate

Drug Divalproex sodium

Efficacy of Quetiapine XR vs. Divalproex on Clinical Outcome, Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life in Bipolar Depression

  • Other names: Depakote XR, Divalproex sodium

Quetiapine fumarate Active Comparator

Divalproex sodium Active Comparator


Inclusion Criteria:

Provision of written informed consent
A diagnosis of Bipolar depression by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)
Females and males aged 20 to 65 years
Female patients of childbearing potential must be using a reliable method of contraception and have a negative urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test at enrollment
Able to understand and comply with the requirements of the study
HAM-D score at Visit 0 and Visit 1 should be above 20.
Willingness to adhere to the schedule of assessments
Able and willing to comply with self-administration of study drug, or have consistent help or support available

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnancy or lactation
Any DSM-IV Axis 1 disorder not defined in the inclusion criteria
Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, pose an imminent risk of suicide or a danger to self or others
Known intolerance or lack of response to quetiapine fumarate or divalproex, as judged by the investigator
Use of any of the following cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors in the 14 days preceding enrollment including but not limited to: ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, erγthromycin, clarithromycin, troleandomycin, indinavir, nelfinavir,ritonavir, fluvoxamine and saquinavir
Use of any of the following cytochrome P450 3A4 inducers in the 14 days preceding enrollment including but not limited to: phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, rifampin, St. John's Wort, and glucocorticoids
Administration of a depot antipsychotic injection within one dosing interval (for the depot) before randomisation
Substance or alcohol dependence at enrollment (except dependence in full remission,and except for caffeine or nicotine dependence) , as defined by DSM-IV criteria
Opiates, amphetamine, barbiturate, cocaine, cannabis, or hallucinogen abuse by DSM-IV criteria within 8 weeks prior to enrollment
Medical conditions that would affect absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study treatment
Unstable or inadequately treated medical illness (e,g, congestive heart failure,angina pectoris, hypertension) as judged by the investigator Invo1vement in the planning and conduct of the study
Previous enrollment or randomisation of treatment in the present study.
Participation in another drug trial within 8 weeks prior enrollment into this study or longer in accordance with local requirements

A patient with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) fulfilling one of the following criteria:

Unstable DM defined as enrolment glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) > 8.5%
Admitted to hospital for treatment of DM or DM related illness in past 12 weeks
Not under physician care for DM
Physician responsib1e for patient's DM care has not indicated that patient's DM is controlled
Physician responsible for patient's DM care has not approved patient's participation in the study
Has not been on the same dose of oral hypoglycaemic drug(s) and/or diet for the 4 weeks prior to randomisation. For thiazolidinediones (glitazones) this period should not be less than 8 Weeks

Taking insulin whose daily dose on one occasion in the past 4 weeks has been more than 10% above or below their mean dose in the preceding 4 weeks Note: If a diabetic patient meets one of these criteria, the patient is to be excluded even if the treating physician believes that the patient is stable and can participate in the study

An absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of s 1.5 x 109 per liter
No Results Posted