Sorafenib Plus Tegafur-uracil (UFT) Versus Sorafenib as First Line Systemic Treatment for Patients With Advanced Stage HCC, Unresectable & Not Eligible for Local Ablation and/or TACE
A Phase II Trial of Sorafenib Plus Tegafur-uracil (UFT) vs. Sorafenib as First Line Systemic Treatment for Patients With Advanced Stage HCC, Unresectable & Not Eligible for Local Ablation &/or TACE
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Study Participants

Unlike the Asian and western regions, The vast majority of the Egyptian/Arabic Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) patients are hepatitis C virus (HCV) associated.
According to the SHARP study subgroup analysis, it seems that HCV associated HCC patients derive the max benefit of Sorafenib, the absolute gain between the Sorafenib arm & the placebo in m OS = 7 months, HR=0.58 (95% CI: 0.37-0.91).
In spite of improvement in terms of overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP), in all studies where Sorafenib was compared to placebo, the Sorafenib arm was not accompanied by a significant volumetric reduction, and this may explains the lack of any symptomatic improvement (time to symptomatic progression (TTSP) almost identical)
Reviewing the chemotherapy outcome, although there is no convincing evidence in survival benefit to patients with advanced HCC, however true shrinkage (reduction in tumor size), has been consistently reported although the magnitude of response is lacking consistency.

This indicates the need for coupling Sorafenib to a chemotherapeutic agent but:

For patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma, the toxicity profile of any chemotherapeutic agent of choice to be added to Sorafenib should be take in consideration
The agent to be added to Sorafenib should be effective in terms of Tumor Shrinkage & with minimal toxicity regarding:
Bone marrow suppression (although not relevant to the toxicity profile of Sorafenib, yet the HCC patients may have HCV related thrombocytopenia and variable degree of hypersplenism related pancytopenia)

Circulatory Overload (Hypertension) Why Tegafur-uracil (UFT)?

Efficacy: For UFT, although the efficacy data in HCC are not as extensive as Doxorubicin, however in one phase II study UFT could improve survival when compared with conservative management.
UFT Toxicity Profile:

In a phase III trial to asses the compare Efficacy & Safety of UFT with that of 5 FU in treatment of m CRC, Hematological toxicities were minimal (0% Grade ¾ leukopenia, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, thrombocytopenia & was 3% for anemia), while the most commonly seen SE was grade I & II Diarrhea

•Accordingly UFT may be considered as a potential partner to Sorafenib in patients with advanced HCC.
Study Started
Jan 31
Primary Completion
Jan 31
Study Completion
Jan 31
Last Update
Aug 05

Drug Sorafenib

Sorafenib 400 mg p.o. twice daily until progression or intolerable toxicity alone.

  • Other names: nexavar alone

Drug sorafenib plus tegafur-uracil

Sorafenib 400 mg p.o. twice daily until progression or intolerable toxicity and TEGAFUR-URACIL 125mg/m2 PO BID For 4 weeks and to be repeated on day 36 till progression or intolerance

  • Other names: nexavar plus UFT

Sorafenib alone. Active Comparator

Sorafenib 400 mg p.o. twice daily until progression or intolerable toxicity alone.

sorafenib plus tegafur-uracil Experimental

Sorafenib 400 mg p.o. twice daily continuously and UFT 125mg/m2 PO BID For 4 weeks and to be repeated on day 36 till progression or intolerance


Inclusion Criteria:

1-The patient must provide written informed consent prior to enrollment into the study.

2-The patient must be at least 18 years of age. 3-Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed or radiologically confirmed (according to AASLD criteria) advanced (unresectable, and/or metastatic) HCC not eligible for local ablation or TACE.

4-Patients must have measurable disease according to RECIST criteria (at least one uni-dimensional lesion measurable by CT-scan or MRI) 5-Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks 6-Patients must have an Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 -2, Child-Pugh class A and only B7 7-Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory requirements to be conducted within 7 days prior to screening:

Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm3
Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μl
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
ALT and AST < 5 x upper limit of normal
Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 x upper limit of normal
PT-INR/PTT < 1.5 x upper limit of normal
Serum creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit

Amylase and lipase < 1.5 X the upper limit of normal 8-For patients, who have had major surgery or injury, the wound must be completely healed prior to receiving sorafenib treatment (4 weeks).

9-Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Men use adequate birth control for at least 3 months after the last administration of sorafenib

Exclusion Criteria:

Excluded medical conditions:

History of cardiac disease: congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2; active CAD (MI more than 6 mo prior to study entry is allowed); cardiac arrythmias requiring anti-arrythmic therapy (beta blockers or digoxin are permitted) or uncontrolled hypertension
History of HIV infection
Patients with Child-Pugh class C hepatic impairment
Patients with Child-Pugh class B (except 7 ) hepatic impairment
Active clinically serious infections (grade 2 NCI-CTC version 3.0)
Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors
Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication (such as steroids or antiepileptics)
History of organ allograft
Patients with evidence or history of bleeding due to OV
Patients undergoing renal dialysis
Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma

Patients not fulfilling inclusion criteria.

Excluded therapies and medications, previous and concomitant:

Prior systemic anticancer chemotherapy or immunotherapy or targeted therapy is not allowed before study entry.
Hormonal therapy shouldn't be given within 2 weeks before study entry and is not allowed during the study.
Patients who failed previous transcatheter arterial chemoembolism must have at least 4 weeks treatment free interval before entering the study
Radiotherapy during study or within 3 weeks of start of study drug.
Major surgery within 4 weeks of start of study
Investigational drug therapy outside of this trial during or within 4 weeks of study entry
Pregnant or breast-feeding patients. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within 7 days of the start of treatment. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial and two weeks after the completion of trial.
Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
Known or suspected allergy to the investigational agent or any agent given in association with this trial
Any condition that is unstable or could jeopardize the safety of the patient and their compliance in the study
No Results Posted