Multimodal Perioperative Pain Management
Multimodal Perioperative Pain Management of Circumferential Lumbar Fusion Improves Recovery
  • Phase

  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

Convalescence after lumbar fusion is dependent on pain. In orthopaedic and abdominal surgery accelerated stay programs with optimized pain management enhance recovery.

The objective is to evaluate the effect of a revised and optimized perioperative fast track program in lumbar fusion surgery.
Major spine surgery is usually associated with high postoperative pain scores and opioid requirements. Epidural analgesia has been reported to be an effective and safe method to control postoperative pain after spinal instrumentation surgery, but the overall effects of pain management on postoperative length of stay and recovery remains debatable.

However, in a multimodal approach, including multimodal non-opioid analgesia to control postoperative pathophysiology and rehabilitation, complications and hospital stay have been reduced after arthroscopy, hip arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty, hip fractures and abdominal surgery and other procedures, when combined with an enhanced recovery program.

The aim of the study is to assess the effect and safety of a combined analgesic regimen consisting of local anesthetic, intra-operative and post-operative continuous epidural analgesia and a single dose ketorolac together with a fast track rehabilitation program after 360 degree lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease and spondylolisthesis < 2
Study Started
Jan 31
Primary Completion
Dec 31
Study Completion
Jun 30
Last Update
May 28

Drug Postoperative epidural morphine

The control group received postoperative epidural morphine 0.4 mg/ml four times a day, epidural bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml, 3-4 ml on request for 75 hours and a 7 day rehabilitation program.

  • Other names: Convalescence after lumbar fusion

Drug Local anaesthesia

Preemptively and posteruptively, the intervention group received local anaesthesia with bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml, 10 + 10 ml posteriorly and 10 + 10 anteriorly; preemptive epidural analgesia with 3 ml lidocaine 20 mg/ml, 3 ml, 10 ml morphine 0.4 mg/ml plus 5 ml bupivacaine; postoperative continuous epidural analgesia for 72 hours with 250 ml with bupivacaine 1 mg/ml + morphine 50 ug/ml, and 0.5 ml epinephrine 1 mg/ml, 4 ml/hour, and after wound closure ketorolac 30 mg intravenously.

  • Other names: Convalescence after lumbar fusion.

Conservative treatment program Experimental

The control group were supervised isometric passive and active exercises by a physiotherapist. On the second day patients were allowed to sit in a chair being instructed to a low intensity exercise training program with regard to back pain and fear of activity. From the third or fourth day stair training, low intensity exercise, daily walks and instruction in home training were allowed. The intervention group received the same training program but with a faster program plus a higher intensity exercise-training program.


Inclusion Criteria:

Degenerative disc disease and Spondylolisthesis up to grade 2 at one to the three lower lumbar levels.

Exclusion Criteria:

Previous fusion, metabolic bone disease, severe comorbidity or psychological instability.
No Results Posted