Dose-Escalation and Safety Trial of YN968D1
Evaluation of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Four Doses of YN968D1 in Subjects With Solid Tumors
This protocol will be divided into two parts: Part 1 will evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of three doses of YN968D1 after a single administration followed by a 28-Day continuous course of therapy; Part 2 will evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy in an open-label administration of YN968D1 at the MTD or a maximum of 750 mg. All subjects in Part 1 and Part 2 of this study will be permitted to continue therapy with only safety monitoring and bimonthly assessments for progression, if the product is well tolerated and the subject has stable disease or better. Up to 72 subjects will be enrolled in this clinical trial.
Part 1 will include a sequential evaluation of 3 subjects per cohort; cohort 1 at a dose of 100 mg YN968D1, followed by a cohorts 2, 3 and 4 at doses of 250 mg, 500 mg and 750 mg respectively. Initially, each subject will receive one dose of YN968D1 followed by a 7-Day observation period, during which single dose PK assessments and safety monitoring will be performed. If the initial dose is well tolerated, the subject will return on Day 8 and receive 28-Days of continuous YN968D1 oral administration daily. Each subject will subsequently be assessed for safety and disease progression on Day 35±2 and steady state pharmacokinetic sampling will be obtained. Patients may continue on therapy for an additional 28-Day cycles without dose interruption if the therapy is well tolerated. Efficacy assessments (biomarkers) and disease progression (RECIST imaging) will be assessed every two 28-Day cycles. The subjects will be assessed for safety for at least 28-Days after the last dose of YN968D1.
For Part 1 of this study, a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) event is defined as any of the following events that are assessed by the Investigator as probably or possibly related to YN968D1 and occur during or after the initial dose on Day 1 through Day 35 of the first cycle of therapy.
CTCAE Grade 4 event
Grade 3 febrile neutropenia (<1,000 neutrophils/mL)
Grade 3 hematologic toxicity with duration > 7 days
Grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity (except for nausea, vomiting, diarrhea that continues despite optimal medical management)
If a DLT is experienced in any cohort, the cohort will be expanded to 6 subjects. If two (2) DLTs are experienced in any cohort, the study will be paused until the safety events are evaluated and discussed with the FDA to determine if the trial may continue.
Part 2 of this study will include up to 30 subjects. Each subject will receive a 750 mg dose or the maximum tolerated dose of YN968D1 from part 1 of the study for continuous 28-Day cycles of therapy. If a subject experiences an intolerable side effect a dose reduction or a dose interruption for up to 7-Days is allowed at the discretion of the investigator. Subjects will be evaluated for RECIST (version 1.1) response at the end of the second cycle of therapy on Day 56±3 of the Part 2 study. Safety reporting will be continued for 28-Days from the last dose of study medication.
All subjects in Part 1 and 2 of this trial will be eligible to continue therapy provided they have a least stable disease or better and are, in the opinion of the investigator, adequately tolerating treatment with YN968D1.
Inclusion Criteria: 18 years of age or older Subjects may be enrolled with the following malignancies: Part 1: Subjects with any solid malignant tumor that are refractory to conventional therapy or the subject does not tolerate the conventional therapy Part 2: Subjects diagnosed with NSCLC, CRC, RCC, Gastric cancer, GIST or triple negative Breast Cancer that are refractory to conventional therapy or the subject does not tolerate the conventional therapy Evaluable disease defined by RECIST 1.1 as measured by a suitable imaging technique Life expectancy ≥ 3 months Subject must be suitable for oral administration of study medication Signed written informed consent Adequate bone marrow, renal, and liver function as manifested by the following: CBC: ANC ≥ 1500/mm3, platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3, hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL CMP: Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min or serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN, serum bilirubin < 2.5 x ULN, AST and ALT ≤ 5.0 × ULN Coagulation profile with PT and INR, each ≤ 1.5 x ULN Proteinuria < 200 mg by 24- hour urine collection without evidence of active sediment or hematuria ECOG performance status ≤ 2 Female subjects of child-bearing potential must agree to use contraceptive measures starting 1 week before the administration of the first dose of YN968D1 until 4 weeks after discontinuing study drug and male subjects must agree to use contraceptive measures during the study and ending 4 weeks after last dose of study drug Female patients of child-bearing potential are confirmed to have either a negative serum ß-hCG test, or have been evaluated by a gynecologist to confirm the patient is not pregnant, within 7 days prior to administration of initial dose of YN968D1 Ability and willingness to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the study and with follow-up procedures Exclusion Criteria: Pregnant or lactating women Therapy with clinically significant systemic anticoagulant or antithrombotic agents within 7 days prior to first scheduled dose of YN968D1 that may prevent clotting and in the opinion of the investigator would place the subject at risk. Hemoptysis within 3 months prior to first scheduled dose of YN968D1 Cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks in cases of mitomycin C, nitrosourea, lomustine) prior to first scheduled dose of YN968D1 Surgery or visceral (e.g., hepatic or renal) biopsy within 28 days prior to first scheduled dose of YN968D1 Minor surgical procedure performed within 7 days prior to first scheduled dose of YN968D1 Prior exposure to YN968D1 (prior treatment with an angiogenesis inhibitor is not exclusionary) Concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) Subjects with active bacterial infections and/or receiving systemic antibiotics Current or past diagnosis of leukemia within the past 5 years Prior radiotherapy at the target lesion Known CNS metastases or clinical evidence of CNS involvement that is not stable for last 3 months by radiology documentation Medical history of non-healing wound within past 2 weeks History of bleeding diathesis or bleeding within 14 days prior to enrollment Medical history of clinically significant thrombosis (bleeding or clotting disorder) within the past 3-months that in the opinion of the investigator may place the patient at risk of side effects on an anti-angiogenesis product History of non-malignant GI bleeding, gastric stress ulcerations, or peptic ulcer disease within the past 3-months that in the opinion of the investigator may place the patient at risk of side effects on an anti-angiogenesis product History of idiopathic or hereditary angioedema History of sickle cell or any hemolytic anemia History of uncontrolled hypertension that in the opinion of the investigator is not well managed by medication and may place the patient at risk when taking a VEGF inhibitor Complete left bundle branch block (LBBB), bifascicular block (RBBB with either left anterior hemiblock or left posterior hemiblock) Any clinically significant ST segment and/or T-wave abnormalities Presence of unstable atrial fibrillation (ventricular response rate > 100 bpm). Patients with stable atrial fibrillation are allowed in the study provided they do not meet another exclusion criteria Myocardial infarction or unstable angina pectoris within 6 months prior to starting study medication Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III-IV) History of other significant cardiovascular disease or vesicular disease within the last 6 months (e.g. such as hypertensive crisis, hypertensive encephalopathy, stroke or TIA, or significant peripheral vascular disease) that in the opinion of the investigator may place the patient at risk when taking a VEGF inhibitor History of significant gastrointestinal disorders that in the opinion of the investigator may place the patient at risk when taking a VEGF inhibitor; such as an abdominal fistula, GI perforation, or bleeding ulcer within 2 months of treatment QTcF >450 msec on screening ECG Baseline echocardiogram (within 2 months) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% History of clinically significant glomerulonephritis, biopsy proven tubulointerstitial nephritis, crystal nephropathy, or other renal insufficiencies History of myocardial infarction within the past 6 months Treatment with an investigational agent within the longest time frame of either 5 half-lives or 30 days of initiating study drug Medical or psychiatric illness that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may impact the safety of the subject or objectives of the study Known recreational substance use or psychiatric illness that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may affect compliance with scheduled visits Known hypersensitivity to YN968D1 or components of the formulation