Maxi-Analgesic Osteoarthritis (OA) Study
Maxi-Analgesic OA Study: Multicentre, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized, Parallel Group Comparison of the Effects of Maxigesic 325 With Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen on Patients With Pain From Osteoarthritis
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgesic effects of Maxigesic USA are greater than acetaminophen, ibuprofen or placebo in patients who have painful osteoarthritis of the hip or knee.
Osteoarthritis is a significant and disabling disease in the developed world.

Published guidelines for medical management of osteoarthritis from expert groups, in general advocate acetaminophen as first line treatment. The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) guidelines (1)recommend acetaminophen should be first choice therapy in OA, and that NSAIDs should be reserved for those patients unresponsive to acetaminophen. The American College of Rheumatology Guidelines (2) recommend acetaminophen be considered as reasonable initial therapy in patients with mild to moderate OA pain and that NSAIDs be considered as an initial alternative in moderate to severe OA pain. The Canadian guidelines recommend acetaminophen for mild OA pain and NSAIDs for moderate to severe OA (3).

A Cochrane Review of acetaminophen in osteoarthritis concluded that NSAIDs were superior to acetaminophen for improving knee and hip pain in people with OA. However, it was noted that the size of the treatment effect was modest with NSAIDs appearing to be more effective in OA subjects with moderate-to-severe pain (4).

There are many situations in clinical practice where either acetaminophen alone or low dose ibuprofen is not sufficiently effective. In these cases the dose of acetaminophen cannot be increased to more than 4000mg/day due to toxicity concerns. In the case of ibuprofen the dose can be increased from 1200mg/day to 2400mg/day. However comparison of low dose ibuprofen with high dose showed gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity increased: the relative risk (RR) of GI complications increased from 1.6 (95% CI 0.8, 3.2) with low dose ibuprofen to 4.2 (95% CI 1.8, 9.8) with high dose ibuprofen (5). Ibuprofen is associated with a low risk of serious gastrointestinal complications, but this advantage is probably lost at doses above 1800 mg/day (6).

A simple combination treatment whereby both acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be taken together as one single tablet and at the same time each day would, if effective, have the advantage of increasing analgesia without having to raise the ibuprofen dose above 1200mg/day (1170mg if administered every 6 hours) and lose the improved safety profile associated with a lower dose of ibuprofen.

Pendleton A, Arden N, Dougados M, Doherty M, Bannwarth B, Bijlsma JW, et al. EULAR recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis: report of a task force of the Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutic Trials (ESCISIT). Ann Rheum Dis. 2000;59(12):936-44.
Recommendations for the medical management of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee: 2000 update. American College of Rheumatology Subcommittee on Osteoarthritis Guidelines. Arthritis Rheum. 2000;43(9):1905-15.
Tannenbaum H, Peloso PM, Russell AS, Marlow B. An evidence-based approach to prescribing NSAIDs in the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: The Second Canadian Consensus Conference. Can J Clin Pharmacol. 2000;7 Suppl A:4A-16A.
Towheed TE, Maxwell L, Judd MG, Catton M, Hochberg MC, Wells G. Acetaminophen for osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006(1):CD004257.
Henry D, Lim LLY, Garcia Rodriguez LA, Perez Gutthann S, Carson JL, Griffin M, et al. Variability in risk of gastrointestinal complications with individual non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Results of a collaborative meta-analysis. British Medical Journal. 1996;312 (7046):1563-6.
Henry D, McGettigan P. Epidemiology overview of gastrointestinal and renal toxicity of NSAIDs. Int J Clin Pract Suppl. 2003;Supplement.(135):43-9.
Study Started
Aug 16
Last Update
Jan 06

Drug Acetaminophen

Acetaminophen 325 mg, three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

  • Other names: Paracetamol

Drug Maxigesic 325

Maxigesic 325 (Acetaminophen 325 mg+ ibuprofen 97.5mg), three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

  • Other names: Actaminophen/paracetamol + ibuprofen

Drug Ibuprofen

Ibuprofen 97.5mg, three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

Drug Placebo

placebo, three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

Maxigesic 325 Active Comparator

Maxigesic 325 (acetaminophen 325 mg + ibuprofen 97.5mg), three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

Acetaminophen Active Comparator

Acetaminophen 325 mg, three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

Ibuprofen Active Comparator

ibuprofen 97.5mg, three tablets four times a day, orally, with food

Placebo Placebo Comparator

Placebo tablets


Inclusion Criteria:

Provides written informed consent before initiation of any study-related procedures.
Have had symptoms of OA of the knee or hip for at least 6 months that has required analgesic medication.
Have confirmed radiological evidence of OA.
Be between 45 - 80 years of age inclusive, on the day of consent.
In the opinion of a physician, require long term medication for treatment of painful OA.
Have painful OA of the knee or hip with a pain score of at least 40 mm and no more than 80 mm on the WOMAC VAS pain scale at rest following a 3 - 7 day washout of existing analgesics.

Exclusion Criteria:

Weigh less than 50 kg
Rheumatoid arthritis or other inflammatory arthritis.
Gout or recurrent episodes of pseudogout.
Paget's disease.
Articular fracture.
Wilson's Disease.
Primary Osteochondromatosis.
Heritable disorders (e.g. hypermobility).
Have received or taken oral or parenteral corticosteroids within 2 months or intra-articular hyaluronic acid within 9 months.
Has taken any single dose of an NSAID or acetaminophen within 12 hours prior to first dose of study drug
Known to be pregnant or possibly pregnant
Women of childbearing potential who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not using reliable contraception.
Alcohol intake in excess of 14 units per week for females and 21 units per week for males.
Have a history of drug abuse.
Suffering from a neurological disorder relating to pain perception.
In the opinion of the investigator, unable to understand the visual analogue pain score.
Currently, or in the last 30 days, participating in a clinical trial involving another study drug.
Suffering from any other diseases or conditions which, in the opinion of the investigator, means that it would not be in the patients best interests to participant in this study.
Hypersensitivity to aspirin or other NSAID
Hypersensitivity to acetaminophen
Severe known haemopoietic, renal or hepatic disease, immunosuppression
History of gastric ulceration, indigestion, stomach pain or GI bleeding or bleeding disorders
Currently suffering from dehydration through diarrhoea and/or vomiting
History of severe asthma defined as previous steroid treatment or hospital admission within the last 5 years.
No Results Posted