Neocartilage Implant to Treat Cartilage Lesions of the Knee
Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of a Neocartilage Implant in the Management of ICRS Grade 3 to 4 Articular Cartilage Lesions of the Knee
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Study Participants

ISTO Technologies, Inc. is proposing a clinical study with 225 subjects, to establish the safety and efficacy of the Neocartilage Implant for the treatment of ICRS Grade 3 and 4 articular cartilage lesions of the knee compared to microfracture treatment.
In the United States alone, more than 500,000 cartilage lesions per year require some treatment to reduce pain, restore joint mobility, and prevent further damage caused by the progression of osteoarthritis. The lack of effective cartilage repair approaches or products for restoration of defective articular cartilage to its native, hyaline morphology only continues to exacerbate the incidence of osteoarthritis as these initial defects enlarge and degrade over a 10 to 20 year period. The repair of cartilage, especially in the knee, remains a formidable clinical challenge. Regenerative medicine approaches to cartilage repair have only begun to be explored as possible options and there is a clear trend toward biological solutions for the repair and regeneration of damaged or diseased articular cartilage. The study was designed to compare how well the Neocartilage Implant works against the microfracture therapy, a widely used and accepted cartilage repair therapy. Data to be collected include Pain and Function in Daily Living scores, symptoms, Function in Sports and Recreation, and Knee Related Quality of Life. Additionally, MRI and X-rays will be collected to evaluate the cartilage repair progress. These assessments will be used through the five years of post-operative follow-up.
Study Started
Jul 31
Primary Completion
Sep 30
Study Completion
Sep 30
Last Update
Aug 31

Biological Neocartilage Implant/DeNovo® ET (Engineered Tissue Graft)

The Neocartilage Implant is a cartilage repair technology cultured from juvenile human cartilage cells.

  • Other names: RevaFlex

Other Microfracture

Marrow stimulation using the microfracture technique; performed arthroscopically

  • Other names: marrow stimulation

Neocartilage Implant Active Comparator

Neocartilage Implant surgically implanted and affixed to subchondral bone using commercial fibrin during mini-open knee arthrotomy.

Microfracture Other

Standard of care cartilage repair technique.


Inclusion Criteria:

Generally, the following inclusion criteria must be met, however, this is not a complete list.

Male or Female between the ages of 18 and 60
(1) or (2) articular cartilage lesions of the distal femur ranging in no more than 5 cm2 each
Ipsilateral knee compartment has intact menisci (or meniscectomized remnant with > 5mm wide rim) and stable ligaments in the affected knee
3 months out from initiation of conservative non-surgical management (e.g.hyaluronic acid injection, activity modification) or previous minimal surgical intervention (e.g., arthroscopic lavage, debridement) or 12 months out from marrow stimulation for this condition

Exclusion Criteria:

Generally, if a potential participant meets any of the following criterions, they will not be eligible for this study. Additionally, more criteria will be evaluated to confirm eligibility as this list is not a complete list of criteria.

Rheumatoid arthritis
History of septic or reactive arthritis
Gout or a history of gout or pseudo-gout in the affected knee
Osteochondritis dissecans or osteochondral lesions of the knee with bone loss > 6mm deep
Bipolar articular cartilage involvement (or kissing lesions) of the ipsilateral compartment (i.e., > than ICRS Grade 2 on the opposing articular surface)
Associated damage to the underlying subchondral bone requiring an osteochondral graft
Is pregnant or breast-feeding
Has a BMI > 35 (kg/m2)
Has prior total meniscectomy of either knee
Has received, within the past three months, intra-articular hyaluronic acid therapy, or steroid therapy
Has more than two clinically relevant chondral lesion(s) on the index knee
No Results Posted