Fixed Dose Combination Drug (Polypill)for Secondary Cardiovascular Prevention.
Improving Equitable Acces and Adherence to Secondary Prevention Therapy With a Fixed-Dose Combination Drug
Lead SponsorUniversidad Carlos III Madrid
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Intervention/Treatmentsimvastatin acetylsalicylic acid ramipril ...
The aim of the FOCUS project is to test the Fixed Dose Combination concept for cardiovascular prevention in populations of different socio-economic characteristics. At the same time, FOCUS aims to understand the factors determining inappropriate prescribing for secondary cardiovascular prevention and those for poor patients adherence to treatment. This will allow FOCUS to establish recommendations for a better use of medication in patients with ischemic heart disease. In addition, after a successful completion of FOCUS, secondary prevention medication will be available and affordable for a large number of patients in both developed as well as developing countries.
There are two Phases in this study:
Phase 1: Is a descriptive, non interventional study. Phase 2: Is an interventional, randomized trial with prospective economic evaluation.
The specific objective of the FOCUS project is to prove that:
Better knowledge of factors relates to inappropriate use of secondary cardiovascular prevention drugs and lack of adherence to treatment will help to design new strategies for improving patients' management.
A Fixed Dose Combination (FDC, polypill) including three components with a well demonstrated efficacy will improve secondary prevention in coronary patients by decreasing inappropriate prescribing and by reducing complexity of treatment and lack of adherence.
Phase 1 is a descriptive, non-interventional study. Its aim is to provide a comprehensive analysis of potential factors precluding adequate secondary prevention, including Health system characteristics, drugs affordability and availability, as well as patients' characteristics. Differences between the two studied regions (Europe and South America) will be analyzed.
Phase 2 is an interventional, randomized trial with prospective economic evaluation. It will be organised as a two-arm, randomised, parallel, multinational study. Patients completing the Phase 1, and fulfilling inclusion/exclusion criteria (see below), will be included in Phase 2. Patients will be randomized to receive a FDC of ramipril, simvastatin and acetylsalicylic acid or the three medications separately.
FDC includes a combination of 100 mg aspirin, 40 mg simvastatin, and 2.5;5;10 mg Ramipril
Aspirin 100 mg once a day Ramipril 2.5; 5; 10 mg once a day Simvastatin 40 mg once a day
Inclusion Criteria: Phase 1: All patients, male and female, 40 years of age or older, with a history of ST-elevation AMI within the last 2 years, attending any of the selected sites and signing the consent Phase 2: All patients, male and female, 40 years of age or older, with a history of ST-elevation AMI within the last 2 years, attending any of the selected sites and signing the consent Patients in whom secondary prevention with ASA, statin and ACEI is indicated, Signing informed consent Exclusion Criteria: Phase 1: Patients in which any of the components of the FDC is contraindicated. Living in a nursing home. Memtal illness limiting the capacity of Phase 2:Secondary dyslipemia, Patients in which any of the components of the FDC is contraindicated, Living in a nursing home, Mental illness limiting the capacity of self care, Participating in another trial, , Previous Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) with a drug eluting stent (DES) whitin the last year, Severe Congestive Heart Failure (NYHA III-IV), Serum creatinine >2 mg/dl, any condition limiting life expectancy <2 years. Pregnant or premenopausal women.