Study of TBL 12 Sea Cucumber Extract for Patients With Untreated Asymptomatic Myeloma
A Phase II Trial of TBL 12 Sea Cucumber Extract in Patients With Untreated Asymptomatic Myeloma
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Intervention/Treatment

    tbl12 ...
  • Study Participants


The purpose of this study is to see if TBL 12, which is a blend of Sea Cucumber, Sea Sponge, Shark Fin, and Sea Urchin (animals that live in the Pacific Ocean) as well as Sargassum (a plant that lives in the Pacific Ocean), will have effects against asymptomatic multiple myeloma and to see what the side effects are.


Several criteria must be met to be eligible for this study, including but not limited to the following:

a diagnosis of asymptomatic multiple myeloma
adequate cardiac, liver and kidney function
age 18 and older
Multiple myeloma is a cancer that evolves from a state known as Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS), defined by parameters of M spike and bone marrow. After evolution to myeloma, patients may be asymptomatic, that is, without any endorgan disease of hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, anemia or bone lesions. In asymptomatic myeloma (ASxM), there is no standard therapy. Thalidomide has been tried in patients with ASxM but with significant toxicity. The patients with ASxM are evaluable in terms of paraprotein measurements. TBL12 sea cucumber extract has been shown to have a number of antitumor properties preclinically, including antiangiogenesis and direct tumor cytotoxicity. TBL12 has been used by a number of patients as a food supplement without any toxicity detected. We thus propose to determine the clinical activity of this agent in patients with ASxM. Patients will be given TBL12 at the dose of 2 units of 20 mL each twice per day daily for one year and the effects on the paraprotein noted. Clinical effects seen will be correlated with any in vitro changes in angiogenesis in patient bone marrow samples. The results of this trial may form the basis for the use of this nontoxic agent in patients with the prodrome of or with other early cancers.
Study Started
Sep 30
Primary Completion
Mar 31
Study Completion
Mar 31
Results Posted
Jul 22
Last Update
Jul 22

Drug TBL 12

TBL 12 will be administered orally at a dose of 2 units (20 mL each) twice a day until disease progression.

  • Other names: Sea Cucumber

TBL 12 Experimental

TBL 12, sea cucumber, will be administered orally at a dose of 2 units (20 mL each) twice a day until disease progression


Inclusion Criteria:

Diagnosis of multiple myeloma
Measurable disease
For non-secretors, measurable protein by Freelite or plasmacytoma
Asymptomatic disease

Exclusion Criteria:

POEMS syndrome
Plasma cell leukemia
Receiving steroids greater than the equivalent of 10 mg prednisone
Infection not controlled by antibiotics
HIV infection
Known active hepatitis B or C


TBL 12

All Events

Event Type Organ System Event Term TBL 12

Time to Progression

To determine the time to progression of asymptomatic multiple myeloma patients receiving TBL 12. The time to progression will be measured in units of a cycle (28 day cycles). Progression is defined using the International Uniform Response Criteria for Multiple Myeloma (Leukemia (2006)20:1467-1473). Which requires one or more of the following: >25% increase in SPEP (must also be an absolute increase of at least 5 g/dL), >25% increase in UPEP (must also be an absolute increase of at least 200 mg/24 hours), >25% increase in bone marrow plasma cells (must also be an absolute increase of at least 10%), new lytic bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas, or development of hypercalcemia (not attributable to any other cause).

TBL 12

cycles (Median)
Full Range: 2.0 to 54.0

Response Rate

The response rate - percentage of participants with overall response. Overall response for any participants that has achieved at least a PR or better (PR, VGPR, CR, sCR) is defined using the International Uniform Response Criteria for Multiple Myeloma (Leukemia (2006)20:1467-1473) . Which requires the following: at least >50% reduction in SPEP, at least >90% reduction or <200 mg in UPEP, at least >50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas, no lytic bone lesions or similar definition that is accurate and appropriate.

TBL 12

percentage of participants

Antitumor Effect

To study the possible mechanisms involved in the clinical antitumor effect with determination of inhibition of angiogenesis

TBL 12

Age, Continuous

years (Median)
Full Range: 22.0 to 75.0

Bone Marrow Plasmacytosis

percentage of participants

Region of Enrollment

Sex: Female, Male

Overall Study

TBL 12