Multiple Myeloma Treated With Thalidomide Before Autotransplant or With Conventional Chemotherapy and as Consolidation/Maintenance Treatment in Young and Elderly Patients : 3 Randomized Studies.
Multiple Myeloma Treatment With Thalidomide. Three Randomized Studies on Thalidomide as Induction Treatment Before Autotransplant (MY-TAG) or With a Conventional Chemotherapy (MY-DECT) and as Consolidation/Maintenance at Plateau Phase (MY-PLAT).
Lead SponsorUniversity of Caen-Normandie
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Indication/ConditionMultiple Myeloma de Novo Treatment
Intervention/Treatmentthalidomide urea doxorubicin vincristine cyclophosphamide melphalan ...
The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of Thalidomide in first-line treatment of multiple myeloma as induction treatment in young patients, with Dexamethasone before autotransplant, and in elderly patients in combination with conventional chemotherapy and as consolidation/maintenance therapy in young and elderly patients at plateau-phase.
MY-TAG : Thalidomide as induction treatment before high dose therapy, in young patients MY-DECT : Thalidomide as induction treatment with conventional chemotherapy, in elderly patients MY-PLAT : Thalidomide and Dexamethasone at plateau-phase, after high dose therapy or conventional chemotherapy
Thalidomide 200 mg/d for 3 months, Dexamethasone 40 mg/d D1-D4 and D14-D17 for 28d-3 cycles
Vincristin 0.4 mg/d continUous IV infusion D1-D4, Adriamycin 9 mg/m2 continuous IV infusion D1-D4, Dexamethasone 40 mg/d oral D1-D4 and D15-D18 for 2 first cycles, D1-D4 for the 3d cycle
Thalidomide : 200 mg/d at bedtime for 3 months , melphalan: 6 mg/m2 oral D1-D4, endoxan 600 mg/m2 IV D1, dexamethasone 40 mg/d oral D1-D4 for 28-d 4 cycles
melphalan: 6 mg/m2 oral D1-D4, endoxan 600 mg/m2 IV D1, dexamethasone 40 mg/d oral D1-D4 for 28-d 4 cycles
Thalidomide 200 mg/d on every other 3 months Dexamethasone 40 mg/d D1-D4, D30-D34,D60-D64, D90-D94
Thalidomide 200 mg/d at bedtime + Dexamethasone 40 mg/d oral D1-D4 and D15-D18 for 2 first cycles, D1-D4 for the 3d cycle
Inclusion Criteria: for MY-TAG(auto-transplant): age 18-65, multiple myeloma Salmon-Durie stage II, stage III and symptomatic stage I (lytic bone lesion or a 25 % increase of monoclonal protein) for MY-DECT (conventional chemotherapy) : qge 66-80, multiple myeloma Salmon-Durie stage II, stage III and symptomatic stage I (lytic bone lesion or a 25 % increase of monoclonal protein) for MY-PLAT (maintenance at plateau-phase): patients treated in MY-TAG or MY-DECt with at least a minimal response (25 % decrease of M protein)3-6 months after autotransplant or last chemotherapy Exclusion Criteria: for MY-TAG : age 66 or more, smoldering stage I multiple myeloma, previous therapy, plasma cell leukemia,creatinine > 300 micromol/L, liver failure, anthracycline contra-indicated, thalidomide contra-indicated, corticosteroid contra-indicated for MY-DECT : age < 66 or > 80, smoldering stage I multiple myeloma, previous therapy, plasma cell leukemia,creatinine > 300 micromol/L, liver failure, thalidomide contra-indicated, corticosteroid contra-indicated for MY-PLAT : no response or progressive disease, randomization > 6 m since autotransplant or last chemotherapy, creatinine > 300 micromol/L, liver failure, thalidomide contra-indicated, corticosteroid contra-indicated