Efficacy Study of Combined Treatment With Uric Acid and rtPA in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Randomized, Double Blind Study Assessing the Clinical Efficacy of Combined Treatment With Uric Acid and rtPA Administered Intravenously in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Within the First 4.5 Hours of Symptoms Onset
  • Phase

    Phase 2/Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Intervention/Treatment

    uric acid ...
  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the combined treatment with Uric Acid and rtPA is superior to rtPA alone in terms of clinical efficacy in acute ischemic stroke patients treated within the first 4.5 hours of symptoms onset.
Oxidative stress is a major contributor to brain damage in patients with ischemic stroke. Uric acid (UA) is an endogenous product derived from the metabolism of purins which in man is responsable of the 60% of the total antioxidant capacity of the organism. Recent experimental evidences gathered by our and other research groups have shown that the exogenous administration of UA is neuroprotective both in cortical and subcortical brain areas as the result of its antioxidant properties. In these studies, animals treated with UA disclosed smaller brain infarction after transient focal ischemia, both using the intraluminal model or after the injection of autologous clots. Moreover, our group first described greater neuroprotection in animals pretreated with rtPA (alteplase). Likewise, we have recently shown that the administration of UA was free of serious adverse effects in stroke patients receiving rtPA within 3 hours of stroke onset. Yet, preliminary data suggested that this intervention might translate into clinical benefits at 3 months follow-up. Based on these data, we aim to conduct a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial assessing the clinical efficacy of UA administration in acute ischemic stroke patients. Currently, rtPA is the only approved therapy for stroke patients within the first hours of clinical onset, and oxidative stress is thought particularly relevant following ischemia/reperfusion. Based on this ground, we aim to conduct this phase 3 clinical trial in ischemic stroke patients which are currently treated with rtPA within the 4'5 hour window.
Study Started
Jun 30
Primary Completion
Aug 31
Study Completion
Oct 31
Last Update
Mar 10

Drug Uric Acid

1 gram dissolved in a vehicle containing 500 ml of 0'1% Lithium Carbonate and 5% Mannitol, IV (in the vein), single dose.

Other Vehicle

Single intravenous infusion of a 500 ml vehicle containing 0'1% Lithium Carbonate and 5% Mannitol.

Uric Acid Experimental

Single intravenous infusion of 1 gram of Uric Acid dissolved in vehicle (500 ml of 0'1% Lithium Carbonate and 5% Mannitol).

Vehicle Placebo Comparator

Single intravenous infusion of a 500 ml vehicle containing 0'1% Lithium Carbonate and 5% Mannitol.


Inclusion criteria:

Age older than 18 years old.
Acute ischemic stroke treated with rtPA within the first 4.5 hours of clinical onset. Baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) >6 and <25, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 2 prior to the stroke.
Cranial CT disclosing the absence of blood in the CNS.
Informed consent.

Exclusion criteria:

Presence of any of the valid exclusion criteria for the administration of rtPA in the current clinical practise.
History of gout with or without history of gouty nephropathy, or uric lithiasis. Asymptomatic hiperuricemia under chronic treatment with allopurinol, or chronic treatment with lithium.
Chronic renal insufficiency (baseline creatinine > 1,5mg/dl).
No Results Posted