Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis
Phase II b Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

Human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness has made a spectacular return during the last decade, and in many places the demand largely surpasses the capacities of the treatment centers. Treatment of the disease remains unsatisfactory. All currently used drugs must be administered parenterally, treatment is lengthy, and adverse drug reactions frequent. There are currently no drugs that are easily administered and have low toxicity, and might thus be used as tools to support disease control.

This study aims to compare the safety and efficacy of DB289, a new, orally administered dication prodrug to pentamidine i.m. injection for the treatment of first stage sleeping sickness. The project will be executed in the framework of an international consortium consisting of several partners from academia, industry and from the Democratic Republic of Congo Ministries of Health.
Study Started
Feb 28
Primary Completion
Feb 29
Study Completion
Jun 30
Last Update
Dec 08

Drug DB289

Pafuramidine maleate (DB289), 100 mg BID orally

  • Other names: pafuramidine maleate

Drug Pentamidine

Pentamidine isethionate (Aventis) for injection (200 mg/vial), 4 mg/kg QD IM

DB289 Experimental

Pafuramidine maleate (DB289), 100 mg BID orally

Pentamidine Active Comparator

Pentamidine isethionate (Aventis) for injection (200 mg/vial), 4 mg/kg QD IM


Inclusion Criteria:

The patient has early stage T. b. gambiense infection i.e. parasitologically confirmed infection in the blood or lymph node aspirate and greater than or equal to 5 WBC mm-3 detected in the CSF by microscopic examination
Patient is 15 to 50 years old
Patient has a minimal weight of 35 kilograms

If the patient is female of child bearing potential (a women will be considered of non-child bearing potential only if she has been post menopausal for over 2 years or has had a hysterectomy):

she is not lactating,
she had a negative urine pregnancy test result within 24 hours prior to DB289 treatment and
she agrees to use a medically proven method of contraception (abstinence from sexual intercourse is an acceptable method) from the day of consent on until the end of the observation period (day 7).
Patient has understood and signed the Informed Consent. If the patient is minor, a legal guardian has signed the Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

The patient has late stage T.b. gambiense infection i.e. presence of parasite in the CSF upon microscopic examination or a WBC count of > 5mm-1
Active clinically relevant medical conditions that in the Investigator opinion may jeopardize subject safety or interfere with participation in the study, including but not limited to: significant liver diseases, chronic pulmonary diseases, significant cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, thyroid diseases, gout, infection including known HIV infection, CNS trauma or seizure disorders (A list of typical signs and symptoms is provided for guidance of the investigator in attachment 1)
Coma Score of less than 9 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (Appendix 8)
Withdrawal of consent at any time during the study
Any condition which compromises ability to communicate with the investigator as required for the completion of this study.
The subject has been previously treated for African Trypanosomiasis.
The subject has been previously enrolled in the study. -
No Results Posted