Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics (PK) Study of Trans Sodium Crocetinate (TSC) in Patients With Intermittent Claudication
A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Phase 1/2 Dose-Range-Finding Study to Evaluate the Safety, Efficacy and PK of Multiple Once Daily Intravenous Doses of TSC in Patients With Intermittent Claudication
  • Phase

    Phase 1/Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of multiple, once-daily, intravenous doses of trans sodium crocetinate (TSC). The effectiveness of TSC in alleviating the symptoms of intermittent claudication (IC) will also be assessed.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis, and patients with PAD commonly manifest symptoms of intermittent claudication (IC) such as cramping, aching, or fatigue in the calf muscles provoked by activity. In PAD, arterial occlusions lead to decreased leg blood flow during exercise or walking and the pain associated with this ischemia is IC. The diffusion of oxygen from blood to muscle could be a component of the overall decreased delivery or deficit of oxygen (hypoxia) to skeletal muscle resulting in symptoms in PAD patients. The overall goal of the development of TSC as a treatment for PAD is to allow for enhanced diffusion of oxygen through the plasma to alleviate the symptoms caused by the hypoxia in the tissues.

This double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial will randomize up to 48 patients at up to 8 clinical research sites in the US. In addition to safety and pharmacokinetic assessments conducted during the trial, the primary endpoint of the study will be demonstrated from standardized, graded exercise treadmill tests conducted throughout the study. The clearly measurable parameters will be peak walking time (PWT) and claudication onset time (COT) comparing baseline and after TSC or placebo and are well-established endpoints accepted by the medical community and regulatory authorities for IC clinical trials.
Study Started
Aug 31
Primary Completion
Mar 31
Study Completion
Mar 31
Last Update
Jul 29

Drug Trans sodium crocetinate (TSC)

Once-daily bolus intravenous injections in a superficial vein of the arm via syringe over a period of up to 2 minutes. Each patient will receive up to 5 doses given on 5 consecutive days

Drug 0.9% normal saline

A total volume of 5.0 mL normal saline will be dosed in a superficial vein of the arm via syringe over a period of up to 2 minutes.

1 Experimental

.25 mg/kg TSC

2 Experimental

.5 mg/kg TSC

3 Experimental

.75 mg/kg TSC

4 Experimental

1.0 mg/kg TSC

5 Experimental

1.25 mg/kg TSC

6 Experimental

1.5 mg/kg TSC

7 Experimental

1.75 mg/kg TSC

8 Experimental

2.0 mg/kg TSC

9 Placebo Comparator

5.0 mL 0.9% normal saline


Inclusion Criteria:

Aged 40 or older, male or female
6-mo. history of walking limitation or symptoms of intermittent claudication (IC) in at least 1 lower limb, severity of which has not changed in the past 3 mo. and diagnosed by principal investigator as clinically stable Fontaine Stage II peripheral artery disease (PAD)
Diagnosis of PAD secondary to atherosclerosis
If ankle-brachial index (ABI) is > 1.3 or cannot be measured in either leg, vascular etiology documented by toe-brachial index (TBI) ≤ 0.7 in at least 1 leg
Claudication severity, meds. for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD), PAD and IC, and exercise habits should be clinically stable for 3 mo. prior to Screening (SCRN) and during study. Pt. is not likely to change smoking and/or exercise habits during study
On an exercise treadmill test (ETT), peak walking time (PWT) of at least 1 min., but no more than 12 min. at Baseline
Willing and able to discontinue Pletal or Trental for 21 days before SCRN and during study
Antihypertensive therapy, cholesterol-lowering therapy, chronic oral nitrates, and diabetic therapy have been stable for 30 days prior to SCRN
Willing and able to provide written, signed, informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained and prior to any research-related procedures
Willing and able to comply with all study-related procedures
Sexually active patients must use an acceptable method of contraception while participating in the study
Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at SCRN and have additional pregnancy tests during the study

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnant or lactating
Current or history of critical limb ischemia (CLI)
Pts. in whom artery insufficiency in the lower extremity is the result of acute limb ischemia (ALI) or an immunological or inflammatory non-atherosclerotic disorder
Pts. in whom walking impairment due to pain is the result of other non-atherosclerotic co-morbid conditions
A surgical intervention to alleviate symptoms of IC or PAD-specific endovascular intervention or cardiovascular surgery within 3 mo. of SCRN
Walking limited by reasons other than claudication
Conditions other than IC of significant severity that could confound PWT on the ETT
Concurrent severe congestive heart failure (CHF)
Life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, unstable angina, and/or myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 mo. before enrollment (ENRL)
Coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention within 4 mo. before ENRL
Renal and/or carotid revascularization procedure within 3 mo. of ENRL
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 3 mo. before ENRL
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) within 3 mo. before ENRL
Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Undergoing hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
Pts. w/immunocompromised conditions, organ transplant recipients and/or need for immunosuppressive therapy
Neurological dementia
Clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) change during or after ETT at SCRN or Baseline visit(s)
Cerebrovascular infarct within 3 mo. of SCRN
Poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes at SCRN
History of migraine headaches within last 12 mo.
Patients with clinically significant abnormal hematology labs or blood chemistry labs
Body mass index > 35
Hypertension at SCRN defined as resting BP values of > 170 mmHg systolic and/or > 110 mmHg diastolic
Hypotension at SCRN defined as resting BP values < 100 mmHg systolic or < 55 mmHg diastolic or symptomatic hypotension
Previous treatment with any formulation of TSC
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any excipient (gamma-cyclodextrin, mannitol, glycine) of TSC formulation
Previous treatment with gene therapy or other VEGF-related treatment within 12 mo. of SCRN
Patients with recent history of alcoholism or drug abuse, or severe emotional, behavioral, or psychiatric problems
Patients receiving experimental medications or participating in other study using an experimental drug or procedure within 45 days prior to ENRL
No Results Posted