Efficacy and Safety of Sorafenib (Nexavar) in Combination With Gemcitabine in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
A Multicenter, Open Label, Single Arm, Phase II Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Sorafenib (Nexavar) in Combination With Gemcitabine in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
Lead SponsorMahidol University
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Intervention/Treatmentsorafenib gemcitabine ...
This study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Sorafenib in combination with Gemcitabine in patients with advanced/unresectable HCC.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), also known as primary liver cancer, is the fifth most common cancer in the world. It is responsible for about 90 percent of the primary malignant liver tumors observed in adult and disproportionately affects men, with about three times as many men developing the disease as women.
Common symptoms in patients affected with HCC include abdominal pain, weight loss, weakness, fullness and anorexia, abdominal swelling, jaundice and vomiting.
Multiple clinical staging systems for hepatic tumors have been used such as the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM system (stage 0, A, B, C, D) etc. However, the staging systems are still evolving with all attempts to improve the classification and prognosis prediction of HCC, and there is no agreement on the best staging that can be recommended world-wide.
For advanced HCC, sorafenib is likely to become the new standard of care. Combinational therapies with sorafenib have the potential to further improved therapeutic options for patients suffering from advanced HCC. Gemcitabine is a classical chemotherapeutic substance that has modest anti-cancer activity in HCC. However, its anti-cancer activity seems to be improved when combined with other anti-cancer drugs including drugs interfering with the VEGF pathway. Both substances, sorafenib and gemcitabine, have a favorable safety profile with a minimal overlap of side effects. Further the mode of actions of sorafenib and gemcitabine are likely to result in synergistic anti-tumor effects.
An open label, single arm, multicenter phase II study designed to determine progression free survival of patients with advanced stage HCC treated with sorafenib in combination with gemcitabine. Patients will receive up to 6 cycles of gemcitabine(IV 1000 mg/m2 on day 1, 8, 15 of a 28-day cycle) in combination with sorafenib (400 mg po bid daily) followed by sorafenib (400 mg po bid daily) maintenance until disease progression.
Sorafenib 400 mg po bid daily and Gemcitabine IV 1,000 mg/m2 on day 1,8, 15 of a 28-day cycle (up to 6 cycles), then followed by Sorafenib 400 mg po bid daily maintenance until disease progression.
Inclusion Criteria: patient at least 18 years of age with written informed consent prior to enrollment into the study. histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced unresectable and/or metastasis) HCC Child-Pugh class A or B Have measurable disease according to RECIST criteria life expectancy of at least 12 weeks, ECOG 0-2 Have adequate bone marrow reserve and liver and renal function at screening Practice adequate contraception during study participation Exclusion Criteria: Exclude medical conditions including history of cardiac disease, HIV infection,active infection,brain metastastasis or intracranial metastasis,seizure disorder requiring medication, history of organ allograft,evidence of or history of bleeding diathesis,previous or concurrent cancer with distinct in primary site or histology (with exception of cervical carcinoma in situ and treated basal cell carcinoma Excluded therapies and medications, previous and concomitant : prior systemic anticancer chemotherapy or immunotherapy or targeted therapy,hormonal therapy within 2 weeks,local treatment modality within 4 weeks,radiotherapy within 3 weeks,major surgery and unhealed wound within 4 weeks,autologous bone marrow transplant or stem cell rescue within 4 months other condition that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the results