Colchicine Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Crossover Study in Behcet's Disease
A Double Blind Cross Over Clinical Trial to Determine Colchicine Efficacy in Behcet's Disease
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Intervention/Treatment

    colchicine ...
  • Study Participants

Colchicine was first used in Behcet's Disease (BD), in 1977. There are controversial reports of the efficacy of Colchicine in BD. For some experts the unresponsiveness of some patients could be explained by genetic difference between the Silk Road BD and sporadic BD from other parts of the world.

To test this hypothesis (the inefficacy of colchicine in the Silk Road BD), we designed a randomized double-blind controlled crossover study in Iran, which is in the middle of the Silk Road, and has the second highest prevalence of BD in the world.
Patients: They were selected as consecutive patients.

The entry criteria was: age between 14 and 60 years, confirmed diagnosis of Behcet's Disease, absence of major organ involvement (eye, brain, lung, and cardio-vascular involvement), having at least one active symptom, and no treatment for at least one month. Patients were explained the study design and they gave a signed written consent. During the two phases of study, if a major organ involvement appeared, the patient was moved out of the study. All patients fulfilled the new International Criteria for Behcet's Disease.

Method: patients were randomized at the study entry to take either colchicine or placebo. At 4 months, they were crossed over. Those who were taking colchicine went on placebo and those on placebo went on colchicine. Each patient tried therefore, both colchicine and placebo. The primary outcome was the effect of colchicine on the disease activity index, the IBDDAM (16-17). To calculate the overall IBDDAM of the baseline, the IBDDAM of the last 12 months (prior to the study) of each manifestation was calculated and added together. The overall disease activity index was then divided to the number of months (12 months) to have the mean activity index per month. IBDDAM was then measured every 2 months (in the middle and at the end, in each arm of the study). The total IBBDAM of the 4 months was then divided by 4 to have the mean activity index per month. The secondary outcome was to see how the individual symptoms responded to colchicine (IBDDAM of each manifestation).

Statistical analysis: The analysis was done by the intention to treat method. As the difference between IBDDAM before and after treatment had normal distribution Student T test for paired samples were used to evaluate the outcome in the colchicine and the placebo group. As the Levene's test showed the homogeneity of variance, ANOVA (one way) was used to test the effect of treatment (colchicine and placebo) and gender on patients' outcome. The dependent variable was the difference between IBDDAM (before and after the treatment). The independent variables were the treatment, and the gender. SPSS 15 was used for all statistical calculations.
Study Started
Aug 31
Primary Completion
Oct 31
Study Completion
May 31
Last Update
Jun 18

Drug Colchicine

100 mg Colchicine per day for 4 months

  • Other names: Modacine

Drug Placebo

One tablet placebo per day for 4 months

Colchicine Active Comparator

Patients who received Colchicine and went on placebo after 4 months

Placebo Placebo Comparator

Patients who received placebo and went on Colchicine after 4 months


Inclusion Criteria:

Patient's who fulfilled the International Criteria for Behcet's Disease.

Exclusion Criteria:

major organ involvement
Hypersensitivity reaction
No Results Posted