Sitagliptin Plus Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Safety and Efficacy of Sitagliptin Plus Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor in Patients Suffering From Acute Myocardial Infarction
  • Phase

    Phase 2/Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

Trial design:

This Phase III, investigator-driven, randomised, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study will compare the effects of Sitagliptin in combination with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (Lenograstim, G-CSF) on the improvement of myocardial function in patients undergoing routine percutaneous coronary revascularisation for acute myocardial infarction (time from onset of infarction to intervention 2 to 24 hours). The primary objective of this study is to compare between a treatment of G-CSF plus Sitagliptin, (G-CSF/Sitagliptin treatment group, n=87) versus Placebo (control treatment group, n=87) in change of global myocardial function from baseline to 6 months of follow-up.
The trial will be conducted as a multi-centre trial. Secondary objectives of this study are to monitor changes of regional myocardial function, myocardial perfusion and extent of non-viable myocardium from baseline to 6 months after revascularisation between the treatment groups. Furthermore the following parameters over up to 12 months of follow-up are analysed: occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, coronary bypass grafting, or re-intervention), spontaneously reported adverse events. Analyses of cardiac function consists of evaluation of segmental systolic wall thickening, end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction and cardiac output by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The extent of non-viable myocardium and myocardial perfusion will be assessed using contrast enhanced MRI.

This study consists of a revascularisation period (angioplasty of the infarcted vessel), a treatment period (up to 28 days), and a follow-up period (up to 12 months). The Revascularisation Period starts with the treatment of the patient in the emergency room. As soon as possible the patient will be transferred to the catheterisation laboratory where acute percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the infarct-related artery will be performed. The first phase of the Treatment Period consists of a screening period during which a patient's eligibility is preliminarily evaluated. The second phase of the Treatment Period is the randomisation for patients in the control or G-CSF/Sitagliptin treatment group. After baseline MRI, patients are randomised. Patients will be treated either with G-CSF (10µg/kg/d divided in two doses subcutaneously) over a period of 5 days and Sitagliptin 100 mg each day for 28 days or with placebo. Patients will be randomised in 1:1 ratio to the control and verum therapy treatment groups. Follow-up Period assessments will be performed in all patients at 6 months including clinical status, occurrence of adverse events, laboratory investigations, and MRI. To assess occurrence of in-stent restenosis, routine control angiography will be performed in all patients 6 months after initial PCI. Safety will be evaluated by monitoring treatment-emergent signs and symptoms, 12-lead ECGs, vital signs, physical examination, and clinical laboratory assessments after 1 month and 1 year.
Study Started
Mar 31
Primary Completion
Jun 30
Study Completion
Jun 30
Last Update
Aug 25

Drug Lenograstim (GRANOCYTE)=GCSF

10 µg/kg/d s.c. for 5 days divided in two dosages per day

Drug Sitagliptin (Januvia)

100 mg p.o. per day for 28 days

Drug Sodium Chloride (NaCl) 0.9 %

applied s.c. twice a day for 5 days

Drug Gelatin

One capsule p.o. per day for 28 days

1 Active Comparator

Application G-CSF (10µg/kg/d divided in two doses subcutaneously) over a period of 5 days and Sitagliptin 100 mg each day for 28 days. n=74

2 Placebo Comparator

NaCl 0.9% applied twice daily over a period of 5 days and oral Placebo given once a day for 28 days. n=74


Inclusion criteria

Be at least 18 years old, male or female
Have acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (typical chest pain of more than 30 minutes duration, presence of ST-segment elevation in at least two contiguous leads or left bundle-branch block) and/or occluded coronary artery
Intervention of infarct related artery by PCI/Stenting within 2-24 hours after onset of acute myocardial infarction.
have creatinin kinase elevation of more than three times of upper normal level (i.e. 540 U/l) accompanied by a significant elevation of CK-MB isoenzyme and/or Troponin I/T
Have regional wall motion abnormality (comprising hypo-, a- or dyskinesia) of at least one myocardial segment demonstrated with MRI.
Patients who are further suitable for coronary angiography and angioplasty with stenting of the infarct related artery.
Have the ability to understand the requirements of the study, and agree and be able to return for the required assessments.
Give a written informed consent.

Exclusion criteria


Women of childbearing potential, pregnancy or being lactating.
Be unable to undergo percutaneous cardiac catheterisation
Have contraindications against magnetic resonance imaging (e.g. non-MR compatible implants or medical devices)
Have conditions that may severely degrade image quality (e.g. severe arrhythmia) or prevents from MR scanning (e.g. claustrophobia)
Previous enrolment in the present trial or administration of any study medication within the previous 30 days. Study drug is defined as any material (placebo or drug) dispensed under the provisions of a protocol.
Have other severe concurrent illness (e.g., active infection, malignancy).
Life expectancy of less than one year.
Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse within 3 months prior to admission or factors jeopardising follow-up.

Renal, hepatic, metabolic:

Moderate to severe renal impairment (Crea level >1.7 mg/dL or glomerular filtration rate <35 ml/min).
Diabetes type 1 patients.
Diabetic ketoacidosis.
Concomitant medications known to cause hypoglycemia, such as sulfonylureas.
Severe liver dysfunction.


Malignant haematological diseases, i.e. chronic myeloic leukemia (CML) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
Severe congenital neutropenia with cytogenetic abnormalities
Known allergic reaction vs. Lenograstim


Acute cardiogenic shock
Cardiomyopathy with an ejection fraction below 0.25 (i.e. ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy resulting in congestive heart failure)
Infective endocarditis
Factors contraindicating cardiac catheterisation (e.g. severe allergy against iodine, severe thyroid disease)
Planned operative revascularisation
Left ventricular thrombus
Severe cardiac arrhythmias (i.e. malignant sustained or non-sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation) within 24 hours after admission.


Acute massive pulmonary infiltrations
History of pneumonia in the last 4 weeks


1. Therapy with immunosuppressants, cytostatics, corticoids.
No Results Posted