Use of Fenofibrate for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Pilot Study of Fenofibrate for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Lead SponsorUniversity of Florida
StatusCompleted Results Posted
Indication/ConditionPrimary Biliary Cirrhosis
This is a pilot study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of fenofibrate on patients with primary biliary cirrhosis who have an incomplete response to ursodeoxycholic acid.
This is a multicenter open label pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of fenofibrate in 20 patients with PBC treated for 1 year. A randomized design would not be feasible at this stage of the research. Two sites are enrolling patients: University of Florida, Gainesville, and Mayo Clinic Rochester, with the first as the coordinating site. The total number of patients to start treatment will not exceed 20. Our endpoints are 1) surrogate markers of disease activity -serum alkaline phosphatase and immunoglobulin M; 2) a well validated prognostic index -Mayo risk score and 3) the NIDDK quality of life questionnaire.
160 mg per day for 1 year
Fenofibrate IDD-P (Insoluble Drug Delivery-Micro Particle) 160 mg table per day for 1 year
Inclusion Criteria: Established diagnosis of PBC by serological (positive antimitochondrial antibodies) and/or histological evidence (diagnostic liver biopsy) Previous treatment with UDCA 13-15 mg/kg/day for at least 1 year Persistent elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal on two separate measurements Female patients of childbearing age should have a pregnancy test done within -days of the beginning of this trial, and should agree to be on adequate contraception throughout the study period Signed informed consent after careful review of the information and study details by one of the investigators Exclusion Criteria Hypersensitivity to fenofibrate Prisoners and institutionalized subjects Pregnant or nursing women Anticipated need for liver transplantation in one year (estimated one year survival < 80%) as determined by the Mayo risk score. The Mayo risk score takes into account the patient's age, serum bilirubin, albumin and prothrombin time, as well as presence or absence of peripheral edema. Recipients of liver transplantation Recurrent variceal hemorrhage, uncontrolled encephalopathy or refractory ascites Co-existing liver diseases, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis, acute or chronic hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, choledocholithiasis, autoimmune hepatitis, cholangiocarcinoma Acute or chronic renal failure Known history of cholecystitis with intact gallbladder Current use of statins, as the concomitant use of fibrates and statins would increase the risk of toxicity
|Event Type||Organ System||Event Term||Patients Treated With Fenofibrate|
We analyzed whether there was a difference in median ALP at 1 year compared to baseline values.