Optimal Dose of Omeprazole After Endoscopic Treatment of Bleeding Peptic Ulcers
Intravenous Infusion of High Dose Omeprazole Versus Regular Dose Omeprazole on Recurrent Bleeding After Endoscopic Treatment of Bleeding Peptic Ulcers
Lead SponsorSingapore General Hospital
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Indication/ConditionBleeding Peptic Ulcers Disease
Bleeding peptic ulcers are one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality for hospital emergency admissions.The initial treatment is endoscopic therapy followed by intravenous omeprazole. However the optimal dosage of omeprazole is not known. We conducted this study to find out the optimal dosage in such clinical scenario.
Peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is a common and life threatening condition. Intravenous infusion of high dose omeprazole (80mg as bolus followed by 8 mg/hr for 72 hours ie 652 mg/72 hrs) after endoscopic therapy resulted in greater reductions of re-bleeding than did placebo. Thus the above regime became our departmental protocol. However, there is some evidence that both high dose and a regular dose of omeprazole (40mg once a day followed by a saline infusion ie 120mg/72 hrs) would be equally effective. We calculated that high dose regimen is about S$ 500 more expensive. The aim of our study is to determine the equivalence of both regimes in preventing re-bleeding rate (primary end-point), surgery and mortality in PUB patients.
Study design This is a single institution prospective randomized double-blind study. All patient with PUB (Forrest classification I, IIa and IIb: spurting or oozing bleeding, visible vessels and clot) had endoscopic treatments (adrenaline injection and/or heater probe). After successful endoscopic hemostasis, patients are randomized to receive a high or regular dose of omeprazole infusion. After 72 hours, both groups of patients are given oral omeprazole 40mg daily for 4 weeks. All patients are evaluated at the clinic at the end of 4 weeks. The primary end-point is rebleeding. Other secondary endpoints measured are surgery, duration of hospital stay and death.
intravenous 80mg bolus followed by 8mg / hr for 3 days
Inclusion Criteria: Above 21 year old OGD done within 48 hrs of admission No recent upper GIT surgery past one month Forrest Type I, IIa & IIb ulcer (Type Ia: Spurting, Ib:Oozing, IIa: Visible vessel, IIb: Clot) Non-malignant ulcer Informed consent taken Exclusion Criteria: Impaired hepatic function Pregnancy Lactation Concomitant medication (warfarin, diazepam, phenytoin, chlarithromycin, cimetidine and digoxin) Underlying malignancy