Title

Genetic Testing in Detection of Late-Onset Hearing Loss
Utility of Genetic Testing in Detection of Late-Onset Hearing Loss
  • Phase

    N/A
  • Study Type

    Observational
  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Intervention/Treatment

    No intervention
  • Study Participants

    3681
Two major limitations of existing audiometric newborn hearing screening programs are their inability to detect forms of deafness that are not expressed at birth and the low compliance with obtaining recommended audiologic confirmation and/or follow-up. Molecular genetic tests on blood spots from all newborns will identify those at risk for the most frequent causes of late-onset hearing loss and to add these infants to the group who should receive continued audiologic monitoring.
Two major limitations of existing audiometric newborn hearing screening programs are their inability to detect forms of deafness that are not expressed at birth and the low compliance with obtaining recommended audiologic confirmation and/or follow-up. Molecular genetic tests on blood spots from all newborns will identify those at risk for the most frequent causes of late-onset hearing loss and to add these infants to the group who should receive continued audiologic monitoring.

The specific aims of this project are to:

Demonstrate the utility of detecting four potentially important causes of delayed onset hearing loss by molecular tests at birth, which may be missed by current audiometric screening tests.
Document the frequency, clinical and genetic characteristics of hearing loss associated with each condition.

Dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper will be obtained and be used for this project with parental informed consent from 6,000 newborn infants at approximately 25 hospitals. Pediatrix Screening, a subsidiary of Pediatrix Medical Group with long experience in high throughput neonatal testing, will perform genetic testing on the samples. The four genetic and environmental forms of deafness to be studied include:

Prenatal/congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection

-Detecting the presence of CMV viral DNA in dried blood spots.

Connexin Deafness - GJB2 and GJB6 mutations

- Cx26 35delG, Cx26 235delC, Cx26 167delT, Cx26 M34T, and Cx30 large deletion.(Under sublicense with Athena Diagnostics, Inc: United States Patent Numbers: 5,998,147 and 6,485,908 and patents pending)

Pendred Syndrome - SLC26A mutations

- L236P, 1001 +1G>A, T416P, E384G

Mitochondrial Mutations - T961C, T961G, G951A, 961 delT+C(n)Ins, G7444A, A7445G, A7445C.
Study Started
Oct 31
2007
Primary Completion
Sep 30
2009
Study Completion
Sep 30
2011
Last Update
Mar 01
2012
Estimate

Genetic No intervention

No intervention

Population

Hospital

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Documentation of informed consent
Inborn
Ability to do ABR (auditory brainstem response screen technology) screening test on all participants
Age at enrollment less than 14 days or less than or equal to 336 hours (Birth date is day 0)
Gestational age > = 34 0/7 weeks and above. (Late preterm infants and term infants)
No major anomalies
Ability to obtain blood sample prior to administration of any blood product transfusion
Subjects' parents or legal guardian willing to provide follow-up data on their child. They will need to provide a telephone contact number and address for follow-up procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

Older than 14 days of age or 336 hours
Receipt of a blood product prior to the ability to obtain blood sample for genetic testing (SoundGene panel)
Any major congenital anomalies. (chromosomal abnormalities, cyanotic congenital heart disease, gastroschisis, omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernia, or other major gastrointestinal anomalies, major neurological injury or anomaly, and multiple congenital anomalies)
No Results Posted