Cimicoxib for the Treatment of Major Depression (SECIM)
Safety and Efficacy of Cimicoxib, a Selective COX-2 Inhibitor, in Combination With Sertraline Compared to Sertraline Combined With Placebo in Treatment of Major Depression
Lead SponsorAffectis Pharmaceuticals AG
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
This multicenter study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of cimicoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, in combination with sertraline compared to sertraline combined with placebo in patients with major depression. This clinical study is based on the assumption that adjunctive treatment of major depression with a COX-2 inhibitor may be beneficial.
Adult patients of both gender, aged between 18 and 60 years diagnosed with major depression by a psychiatrist and a HamD-17 score ≥ 22 will be enrolled. All patients will undergo a wash out period of 3 days (without e.g. medication or antidepressant medication) prior to receiving sertraline combined with cimicoxib or placebo. In the exceptional case where in opinion of the investigator concomitant psychotic treatment is needed, up to 3 mg lorazepam daily can additionally be administrated during this period and the first two weeks of treatment.Assessment of HamD-17 will be performed by trained psychiatric raters before wash out and at week 0 (baseline) prior to the treatment. If the HamD-17 score decreases to less than 22 at the second rating patients will be excluded from study.Patient must be in-patients during the wash out period and the first two weeks of treatment. Upon recommendation of the investigator, participants can become out-patients with ambulatory care at day clinics after the first two weeks of treatment.At baseline (week 0) patients will be randomised to one of the following treatment arms:· 50 mg of sertraline (one tablet/unblinded) daily plus cimicoxib (one tablet-50mg) twice daily.· 50 mg of sertraline (one tablet/unblinded) daily plus placebo (one tablet) twice daily If at study visit 3 (i.e. after 3 weeks of treatment) the baseline therapy dose of 50 mg of sertraline daily is considered as not therapeutically sufficient (increase of HamD-17 by more than 20% compared to baseline), it can be increased to 100 mg daily at the discretion of the investigator. The decision by the investigator to increase sertraline dose to 100 mg daily is allowed only at study visit 3 and is not permitted at any other time during the study.During the double-blind period, study visits will take place every week until week 6 and clinical psychiatric and safety assessments will be performed. Four weeks after the end of treatment the investigators or their designees will call the patients to capture information on how the patients feel and to assess if the patients experienced any SAE/AEs (e.g. hospitalisations).
50 mg per tablet, bid (total daily dose 100 mg)
Inclusion Criteria: Major depression diagnosed by psychiatrist DSM IV TR: 296.2x single depressive episode or 296.3x recurrent depressive episode HamD-17 score ≥ 22 Exclusion Criteria: Psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety disorder, personality disorder, drug or alcohol abuse, schizoaffective disorders, schizophrenia All DSM IV TR Axis-I disorders except depression All DSM IV TR Axis-II disorders without exception Unsuccessful treatment with more than 2 antidepressant medications Concomitant use of psychotropic drugs, including mood stabilizers Immediate risk of suicidal behaviour Women who are pregnant, breast feeding or planning to become pregnant during the course of study, Women who are not post-menopausal, surgically sterilized or using an effective method of contraception Any history of cardiovascular disease (e.g. angina, heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure), uncontrolled high blood pressure, documented peripheral arterial insufficiency and symptomatic, clinically significant claudication, or a history of peripheral arterial embolism History of coronary heart disease (CHD) or any other heart disease History of upper or lower gastrointestinal (GI) ulceration, perforation and/or obstruction History of upper or lower GI bleeding within the previous year History of inflammatory bowel disease Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply