Study To Evaluate Beta Cell Function and Glycemic Outcome by Intensive Insulin Therapy
The Effect of Intensive and Short-term Insulin Treatment on Long-term Pancreatic β-cell Function in Newly Diagnosed People With Type 2 Diabetes in Korea
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

This randomized controlled prospective study aims to evaluate the efficacy of intensive insulin therapy for long term glycemic control and improvement or preservation of beta cell function in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with beta cell dysfunction and insulin action at diagnosis of diabetes. Although the relative importance of these two alterations is controversial, growing evidence is swinging to the concept that there is no hyperglycemia without β-cell dysfunction. Also there is agreement that deterioration of glucose tolerance over time is associated with a progressive decrease of beta cell function.

Beside the role of genetic factor, the continuous decline in β-cell function is affected by glucotoxicity generated by hyperglycemia and lipotoxicity due to high fatty acid. A vicious cycle of hyperglycemia per se further impairs and may destroy β-cell. Recently, many reports have shown that early intensive glycemic control plays a role in the prevention of progressive ß-cell function and worsening of diabetes.

Some studies have shown that early intensive insulin therapy(IIT) to achieve near normoglycemia in new onset type 2 diabetes gives short term and long term improvement in glycemic control after discontinuation of insulin. It is suggested that long term glycemic control is associated with improvement of β-cell function.

In the unpublished previous pilot study, the investigators found that early intensive insulin therapy using multiple daily injection (MDI) or daily twice injection in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes can significantly improve the beta cell function and facilitate further long term glycemic control. To establish the effectiveness of intensive insulin therapy for long term glycemic control and improvement of β-cell function, the investigators will perform a randomized controlled prospective study in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in Korea.
Study Started
Apr 30
Primary Completion
Aug 31
Study Completion
Dec 31
Last Update
Sep 26

Drug intensive insulin group

Once daily long acting insulin and preprandial rapid acting insulin injection

Drug Oral AntiDiabetic Drug (glimepiride and metformin)

glimepiride and metformin combined therapy

  • Other names: glimepiride(amaryl), metformin(diabex)

Oral AntiDiabetic Drug Active Comparator

glimepiride and metformin and/or once daily glargine

intensive insulin group Experimental

insulin glargine insulin glulisine


Inclusion Criteria:

Newly diagnosed drug naïve type 2 diabetic patient with typical diabetic symptom (polydipsia, polyuria, unexplained weight loss) within recent 1 year
Initial HbA1c : 8.0 % ≤ HbA1c < 12.0%

Exclusion Criteria:

Known contraindication to insulin glargine, insulin glulisine, metformin, glimepiride
Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Severe liver disease or AST, ALT ≥ 2.5 x ULN
History of lactic acidosis
Unstable or severe angina
Congestive heart failure
Chronic disease treated with continuous corticosteroid therapy
Diagnosis of cancer
Positive urine pregnancy test or plan to become pregnant during the clinical trial
No Results Posted