Efficacy and Safety Study of Combination Therapy to Treat Uncomplicated Obesity
Phase 2, Multicenter, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Study of Combination Therapy for Safety and Efficacy in Subjects With Uncomplicated Obesity
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of 3 combinations of naltrexone and bupropion SR compared to naltrexone alone, bupropion SR alone or placebo.
A completed proof of concept study, OT-101 (Data on File, Orexigen Therapeutics, 2005), demonstrated that a combination of 300 mg bupropion SR and 50 mg naltrexone was associated with greater weight loss than bupropion SR alone, naltrexone alone, or placebo in subjects with uncomplicated obesity.

The hypothesis for the current trial is that by adjusting the doses and titration schedules of bupropion SR and naltrexone greater efficacy and improved tolerability can be achieved. In this trial, a higher dose of bupropion and 2 lower doses of naltrexone than utilized in the previous trial (OT-101) will be evaluated. The doses of both drugs will be titrated over 4 weeks and administered twice a day. There are 2 cohorts. At each site, cohort 2 recruitment began as soon as cohort 1 enrollment was completed. Cohort 1 treatment groups are (60 per group):

Group 1: Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (48 mg/day)
Group 2: Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (16 mg/day)
Group 3: Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus N-Placebo
Group 4: B-placebo plus Naltrexone (48 mg/day)
Group 5: B-Placebo plus N-Placebo

Cohort treatment 2 Groups are:

Group 6: B-Placebo plus N-Placebo (n=20)
Group 7: Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (32 mg/day)(n=60)
Study Started
Apr 30
Primary Completion
Mar 31
Study Completion
Mar 31
Last Update
Apr 22

Drug naltrexone and bupropion SR

naltrexone 16, 32 or 48 mg/day and bupropion SR 400 mg/day

1 Experimental

Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (48 mg/day)

2 Experimental

Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (16 mg/day)

3 Active Comparator

Bupropion SR (400 mg/day)

4 Active Comparator

Naltrexone (48 mg/day)

5 Placebo Comparator

B-Placebo plus N-Placebo

6 Placebo Comparator

B-Placebo plus N-Placebo

7 Experimental

Bupropion SR (400 mg/day) plus Naltrexone (32 mg/day)


Inclusion Criteria:

Female and male subjects, 18 to 60 years of age
Have body mass index (BMI) of 30 to 40 kg/m2
Free from clinically significant illness or disease as determined by medical history and physical examination
Non-smoker and no use of tobacco or nicotine products for at least 6 months prior to baseline
Normotensive (systolic <140 mm Hg; diastolic <90 mm Hg). Anti-hypertensive medications are allowed with the exception of adrenergic blockers, beta-blockers and clonidine. Medical regimen must be stable for at least 6 weeks
LDL cholesterol < 190 mg/dL and triglycerides < 400 mg/dL. Medications for treatment of dyslipidemia are allowed as long as medical regimen has been stable for at least 6 weeks
No clinically significant abnormality of serum albumin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, calcium and phosphorus
Bilirubin, ALT and AST within 1.5 x ULN
No clinically significant abnormality of hematocrit, white blood cell count, white cell differential, or platelets
Fasting glucose less than 140 mg/dL on no hypoglycemic agents
No clinically significant abnormality on urinalysis
TSH within 1.5 x ULN, normal T3, if TSH below lower limit of normal
Negative serum pregnancy test in women with intact uterus
Score < 11 for depression and score < 11 for anxiety on Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale
ECG: no clinically significant abnormality
Score of zero on the Mood Assessment questionnaire and a response of "No" to the Bipolar Disorder Questions
If female with child-bearing potential, must be non-lactating and agree to use effective contraception throughout the study period and 30 days after discontinuation of study drugs
Able to comply with all required study procedures and schedule
Willing and able to give written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

Obesity of known endocrine origin (e.g., untreated hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome)
Serious medical condition or medical condition that limits participation in the prescribed exercise program: (e.g. unstable cardiovascular disease including congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction; stroke; claudication; acute limb ischemia; acute renal or hepatic disorder; renal, hepatic or respiratory insufficiency)
Active malignancy or history of malignancy (other than non-melanoma skin cancer or surgically cured cervical cancer) within 5 years of enrollment
Serious psychiatric condition (e.g., any history of bipolar disorder, psychosis, suicidal attempt or post-partum depression; a history of major depression, suicidal ideation or antidepressant use within 1 year)
Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus requiring pharmacotherapy
Excluded concomitant medications: anorectic agents; weight loss agents; dietary supplements to promote muscle building, enhance mood, or reduce appetite; adrenergic blockers; beta blockers; anti-psychotic agents; clonidine; theophylline; cimetidine; oral corticosteroids; anti-depressant; topiramate; Depo-Provera®, smoking cessation agents; frequent, known use of opioid or opioid-like analgesics
History of surgical intervention for obesity
History of seizure disorder or predisposition to seizures (e.g., history of cerebrovascular accident, significant head trauma, brain surgery, skull fracture, subdural hematoma, or febrile seizures)
History of bulimia or anorexia nervosa
History of drug or alcohol abuse within 5 years
History of treatment with bupropion, or naltrexone within 12 months
History of hypersensitivity to bupropion, or naltrexone
Use of drugs, herbs, or dietary supplements known to significantly affect body weight within one month of baseline
Use of investigational drug, device or procedure within 90 days
Participation in any previous clinical trial conducted by Orexigen Therapeutics
Any condition which in the opinion of the investigator makes the subject unsuitable for inclusion in this study
No Results Posted