Busulfan Monotherapy as Conditioning for Autologous Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation
A Pilot Study of Intravenous, Targeted-Dose Busulfan Monotherapy as Conditioning for Autologous Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation in High-Risk AML
During the pre-transplantation phase (following completion of consolidation chemotherapy), patients will begin to receive G-CSF at 10 mcg/kg twice daily; leukapheresis will also be given until a target goal for recipient body weight is obtained, or up to a maximum of 5 days. Conditioning/Preparative therapy will follow PBSC collection for up to 30 days with Busulfan IV daily x 4 days; subsequent doses will be adjusted based on pharmacokinetic (plasma level)monitoring. Following 1 day of rest, stem cell reinfusion will begin with supportive care. During follow-up, patients will be monitored out to 730 days.
Pre- Transplantation Phase -
Twenty-four to 48 hours following completion of consolidation chemotherapy, patients will begin to receive G-CSF at 10 mcg/kg twice daily subcutaneously. Alternatively, patients may receive G-CSF alone (same dose) as mobilization therapy.
Leukapheresis will begin day 4 of G-CSF administration and proceed according to institutional guidelines. Leukapheresis will continue until a target goal for recipient body weight is obtained, or up to a maximum of 5 days. A minimum recipient body weight is required to proceed to transplantation.
a. Conditioning/Preparative therapy - up to 30 days following PBSC collection, patients will begin conditioning therapy with Busulfan IV daily x 4 days (transplantation days -5,-4,-3,-2). The day -5 and -4 dose will be 130mg/m2; subsequent doses will be adjusted based on pharmacokinetic monitoring.
Busulfan plasma level monitoring, collected around the first dose of busulfan b. Stem cell reinfusion - following 1 day of rest, previously collected autologous peripheral blood stem cells will be infused.
The administration of supportive measures (e.g. intravenous fluids, antihistamines) during stem cell reinfusion will be performed according to institutional guidelines.
Antibiotic prophylaxis- according to hospital/institutional guidelines, and at the discretion of the treating physician.
Growth factor support
Prophylaxis for busulfan-induced seizures
During follow-up, patients will be seen at least weekly for the first month and there after periodically out to 730 days posttransplant. The following medical procedures will be done:
Medical history and physical exam (including concurrent meds, vital signs, performance status and weight)
Bone marrow aspirate and biopsy
Mobilization Option 1:Twenty-four to 48 hours following completion of consolidation chemotherapy, patients will begin to receive G-CSF at 10 mcg/kg twice daily subcutaneously. Mobilization Option 2: If patients have recovered hematologically from consolidation chemotherapy, they may receive G-CSF at 10 mcg/kg twice daily subcutaneously.
Busulfan IV daily x 4 days (transplantation days -5,-4,-3,-2). The day -5 and -4 dose will be 130mg/m2
autologous stem cell transplant
Inclusion Criteria: Patients must have had histologically confirmed diagnosis of AML, in 1st complete remission, by a pathologic review at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute. Any induction/consolidation regimen is permitted. General Inclusion Criteria: Age 56-74 Able to give informed consent Hepatic and renal function: normal bilirubin, AST and ALT less than or equal to 2x normal limits, serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5x normal Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) must be in normal range FEV1 AND DLCO greater than or equal to 50% predicted (at planned time of transplantation) ECOG PS less than or equal to 2 (at planned time of transplantation) Disease Specific Inclusion Criteria: Adverse-risk karyotype (del 5/5q, 7/7q, 3q, greater than or equal to 3 abnormalities): Intermediate-risk karyotype [46 XY, +8, -Y, +6, or any other isolated (<3 total) non-random abnormality not included in the adverse-risk category or favorable-risk category below] AML arising from antecedent hematologic disorder (e.g. MDS) Secondary AML (t-AML) Exclusion Criteria: Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia(FAB M3) subtype Presence of (8;21) translocation or inversion 16/t(16;16) cytogenetic phenotype (i.e. favorable-risk AML) Eligible for and willing to undergo matched-sibling allogeneic transplantation Greater than 2 induction regimens required to achieve complete remission Duration of > 8 weeks between completion of induction chemotherapy and initiation of consolidation chemotherapy No prior malignancy is allowed, except for adequately treated basal cell (or squamous cell) skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for at least 5 years. Prior extensive radiation therapy (>25% of bone marrow reserve) Concomitant radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy Intrinsic impaired organ function (as stated above) Active infection Positive serum pregnancy test in women who have not yet reached menopause (no menstrual periods for >12 months or who have not undergone tubal ligation or complete hysterectomy. Women who are breast-feeding Positive HIV testing Presence of CNS leukemia Uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or uncompensated major thyroid or adrenal gland dysfunction Physical or psychiatric conditions that in the estimation of the PI or his designee place the patient at high-risk of toxicity or non-compliance
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100-day non-relapse mortality is the number of participants who died before day 100 posttransplant from causes other than relapsed disease
Number of subjects who were able to collect at least 2 million CD34+ cells/kg
Number of participants with severe regimen-related toxicity within 2 years posttransplant. Severe regimen-related toxicity was defined as CTC (version 3)grade 4.
Number of participants alive and without disease relapse at 1 year posttransplant
Number of participants alive at 1 year posttransplant