Cotrifazid Safety and Efficacy Against Malaria
A Randomised Safety and Efficacy Trial of Rifampicin/Cotrimoxazole/Isoniazid Versus Mefloquine or Quinine+SP Against Resistant Malaria in Papua New Guinea
Lead SponsorPoliclinique Médicale Universitaire
Intervention/Treatmentmefloquine sulfadoxine cotrifazid pyrimethamine quinine ...
The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of Cotrifazid to treat uncomplicated resistant malaria and to compare the outcome with mefloquine or quinine+sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP)
Design: Open-label, block-randomised, comparative, multicentric trial. Setting: Four primary care health facilities, two in urban and two in rural areas of Madang and East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.
Participants: Patients of all ages with recurrent uncomplicated malaria Intervention: Random assignment to receive either Cotrifazid, mefloquine or the standard treatment of quinine+sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP).
Outcome measures: Incidence of clinical and laboratory adverse events; rate of clinical and/or parasitological failure at day 14
Inclusion Criteria: All subjects > 6 months of age who presented at the centres and who were diagnosed with malaria (history of fever, OptiMAL® test positive, no other major symptom) and who had already been treated for malaria in the 28 days before, could be included in the study, if the subject or legal guardian (for children) gave informed consent and if the clinician in charge would have given the standard treatment for resistant malaria independent of the study - Exclusion Criteria: A subject was not to be included if the clinician preferred to use quinine for whatever reason, if the patient had one of the symptoms or signs of complicated or severe malaria (i.e. history of recent convulsion, any neurological sign or impairment of consciousness, heavy vomiting, haemoglobinuria, respiratory distress, bleeding, circulatory collapse, shock, jaundice, haemoglobin < 5 g/dl), had contra-indications for mefloquine (history of psychiatric disorder, epilepsy), or was pregnant. -