Effects of Pregabalin on Mechanical Hyperalgesia
Effects of Pregabalin on Mechanical Hyperalgesia - EPOM
  • Phase

    Phase 4
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Unknown status
  • Intervention/Treatment

    pregabalin ...
  • Study Participants

The aim of this randomized placebo-controlled study is to evaluate the effects of analgetics for neuropathic pain on mechanical hyperalgesia as a kind of evoked pain. Therefore the number of responders and non-responders on pregabalin will be evaluated in respect of mechanical hyperalgesia (stimulus-response-function (SRF) on static punctual stimuli evoking pain determined via pinprick). The hypothesis is that in the placebo group the amount of non-responders is increased.
This randomized controlled trial is intended to be the first in a series of trials that will assess the efficacy of drugs, which relieve neuropathic pain, on stimulus-evoked pain (here: mechanical hyperalgesia to static punctate stimuli). Most drugs in this class (e.g. Gabapentin or NMDA receptor inhibitors) have NNT beyond 3 in patients with chronic pain, due to a response rate of 30 to 50 %. One potential reason for this low overall efficacy might be the presence of different pathophysiological mechanisms in subgroups of patients, who suffer from the same disease (e.g. postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy). These mechanisms may include central sensitization on one hand and peripheral degeneration of afferent fibers on the other hand.

In this trial, we will use a battery of mechanical and thermal Quantitative Sensory Tests (QST), using non-nociceptive and low-intensity painful stimuli, to identify a subgroup of patients with mechanical hyperalgesia. To overcome the well-known low response rate in trials with neuropathic pain patients, an enriched design comparing active drugs with placebo will be performed, including only patients with high intensity of on-going pain in combination with mechanical hyperalgesia as sequelae of different, but well defined neurological disorders. The blinded phase of the trial will be restricted to so-called responders, i.e. patients with a clinically meaningful pain reduction of at least 30% in the primary end point (mechanical hyperalgesia). The second objective of this trial is to evaluate, whether the anti-hyperalgesic effect of the active drug is dependent on the QST profile.
Study Started
Jul 31
Study Completion
Apr 30
Last Update
Apr 05

Drug Pregabalin


Inclusion Criteria:


Age above 18 years;
Neuropathic pain of at least 4/10 for at least 6 months;
Mechanical hyperalgesia;
One of the following diagnoses: peripheral nerve lesion, plexus lesion, radicular lesion, spinal lesion, polyneuropathy, postzosteric neuralgia;
No nerve block or other interventional treatment for at least 4 weeks;
Constant medication for at least 4 weeks;
Signed informed consent;
WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours prior to the start of study medication;
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 4 weeks after the study in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized.

Enrolment open titration:

All principal inclusion criteria at recruitment
Relevant mechanical hyperalgesia: SRF affected/control at least 2.0 with a minimal SRF of 0.8.

Enrolment double-blind phase:

At least 30% reduction in mechanical hyperalgesia (SRF) in the open titration;
WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours prior to the start of study medication;
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 4 weeks after the study (see above recruitment).

Exclusion Criteria:

Anaphylaxis on the active component or any other component of Lyrica or the placebo (Lyrica®: pregabalin, lactose-monohydrate, corn starch, talcum; capsule shells: gelatine, titanium dioxide (E 171), natriumdodecylsulfat, high dispersive siliciumdioxide, purified water; ink: shellac, black iron(II,III)-oxide (E 172), propyleneglycol, kaliumhydroxide; additionally in placebo: microcrystalline cellulose, sucrose octaacetate, magnesium stearate)
Intake of gabapentin or pregabalin within the last 4 weeks prior to recruitment
Any surgery within the last two months or any scheduled surgery within the study period (20 weeks);
Concurrent unstable disease involving any system, e.g. advanced carcinoma, acute myocardial infarction, renal failure, or any other condition that in the opinion of the Investigator would deem the patient unsuitable for the study;
History of cerebral vascular or other cerebral disease;
Concurrent chronic or acute pain of other origin (osteoarthritis), which is not treated effectively
Concurrent severe mental deficit, e.g. psychiatric disorders as defined by DSM IV including schizophrenia, mood disorders, organic brain syndrome, psychotic/delusional disorders, serious psychosis;
Concurrent serious neurological disease, e.g. dementia, multiple sclerosis, or any other disease that would have impact on the ability of the patient to give their consent for the participation in the study or influences the pain perception;
Concurrent atrioventricular block second degree or higher
Concurrent renal failure (CLcr < 30 ml/min)
Concurrent hereditary galactose-intolerance
Concurrent lapp-lactase insufficiency
Concurrent glucose-galactose-malabsorption
Concurrent sub-optimal stabilized Diabetes Mellitus (Hb1Ac > 12%)
Clinical apparent overdosage of opioids or psychopharmaca
Recent history (6 months) or current evidence of alcohol or drug abuse;
Participation in any other investigational drug or therapy study within the previous 90 days;
Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding;
Women with a positive pregnancy test on enrollment or prior to study drug administration;
Women of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method to avoid pregnancy for the entire study period and for up to 4 weeks after the study. Women practicing abstinence should use a reliable method of contraception (except birth control pills) if they choose to become sexually active during the study.
No Results Posted