Higher Frequency Zoledronic Acid in the Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
An International, Multicenter, Non-Randomized, Open-Labeled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Lower Dose Dexamethasone/Thalidomide and Higher Frequency ZOMETA(TM) in the Treatment of Previously Untreated Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Lead SponsorGleneagles Hospital, Singapore
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Intervention/Treatmentthalidomide urea zoledronic acid ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether lower than conventional doses of dexamethasone and thalidomide; and a higher dosing frequency of zoledronic acid are effective in the treatment of newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma.
Patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) may be treated using monthly cycles of dexamethasone plus thalidomide (DT). Unfortunately, the use of conventional doses of DT is associated with significant treatment-related morbidity and mortality, which is comparable to that observed with conventional chemotherapy. Hence, for safety reasons, patients frequently receive lower than conventional doses of DT (i.e. dt), and potentially experience a poorer anti-MM effect. The highly-potent aminobisphosphonate, zoledronic acid (Z), has been shown in pre-clinical mouse models to exhibit an impressive anti-MM effect. It is therefore possible to combined dt with Z (i.e. dtZ) to enhance the efficacy of (lower dose) dt. In addition, the anti-tumor effect of dtZ may potentially be augmented by using Z at a higher (three-weekly) dosing frequency.
20 mg, PO (orally) on days 1-4, 8-11 and 15-18 of each 21 day cycle. 6 Cycles: until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
100 mg, PO (orally) on days 1-21 of each 21 day cycle. 6 Cycles: until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
4 mg, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle. 6 Cycles: until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
To test the efficacy of the "dtZ" regimen in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma.
Inclusion Criteria: Age at or above 21 years Clinical diagnosis of MM Active MM with measurable disease Signed written informed consent Signed consent for drug safety program for thalidomide Exclusion Criteria: Patients with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS) Patients with Indolent MM (IMM), or Smouldering MM (SMM) Known hypersensitivity (including severe cutaneous reactions) to d, t or Z Fulminant sepsis Females in the reproductive age group who refuse contraception Pregnancy 24 hr urinary creatinine clearance time (CCT) <30 ml/min Previous renal transplantation Severe peripheral neuropathy Recurrent DVT or PE Severe arrhythmias and cardiac conduction disorders Liver dysfunction of active viral hepatitis Osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ)