Use of Ibuprofen to Prevent IUD Site Effects
Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation Rates
This research will determine whether prophylactic use of ibuprofen can prevent common side effects of the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and prevent early removal of the device.
Increased menstrual bleeding and pain are the primary side effects that lead to early removal of the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a proven treatment for such IUD-induced problems. This study will determine if prophylactic use of ibuprofen can improve continuation rates of the IUD.
A total of 2,019 first-time IUD users were recruited in Chile for this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Half of the participants were given ibuprofen and instructions to take 1200 mg daily during menses (for up to 5 days each cycle) for the first six months of IUD use. The other half were asked to take an identical-appearing placebo in the same manner. The primary study endpoint was IUD removal within 12 months of insertion.
Inclusion Criteria: mutually monogamous sexual relationship, less than 6 weeks since last menstrual period, more than six weeks since last pregnancy ended, residency within 50km of clinic, access to telephone, literacy Exclusion Criteria: previous use of an IUD, history of liver and/or kidney disease, current of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, history of stomach ulcers and/or digestive hemorrhage, previous adverse reaction to ibuprofen and/or aspirin, symptoms of possible vaginal infection, current use of antibiotic or antifungal for genital tract infection, abnormal vaginal discharge, lesions in the vagina, known contraindication to IUD use, more than 3 alcoholic drinks per day