Study of Pulmozyme to Treat Severe Asthma Episodes
Use of Aerosolized rhDNase (Pulmozyme®) in Emergency Department Adults With Refractory Acute Asthma: A Pilot Study
Lead SponsorNorthwell Health
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Intervention/Treatmentdornase alfa ...
Even with current standard ED treatments 20-25% of patients presenting to the ED with an acute asthma episode will still require hospitalization. For patients unresponsive to beta-agonists the admit rates will be higher. Of those well enough to be discharged from the ED nearly 30% will relapse within one month. More than 5,000 patients with asthma still die each year in the USA. For patients who do not respond to beta-agonists, there are relatively few treatment options for rapid improvement of symptoms and pulmonary function. Presumably, mucous secretion and plugging play an important role in the pathogenesis of severe asthma unresponsive to beta-agonists. The use of agents to promote clearance of intra-luminal secretions and mucous plugs may represent an important advance in the management of acutely ill asthmatics, both to hasten recovery and prevent deterioration in the acute care setting and to prevent relapse after discharge from the ED.
2.1 Study Hypothesis: rhDNAse can be safely used in patients presenting to the Emergency Department with acute moderate-severe asthma who do not have adequate responses to beta-agonists
Project Specific Aim: This is a pilot study to determine the safety of three different doses of pulmozyme® (2.5mg, 5.0mg and 7.5mg) in patients presenting to the ED with acute asthma. In addition to safety trends for improvement in pulmonary function and clinical outcomes will be monitored and data analyzed. Based on the safety profile and observable responses to treatment, this information may be used to develop larger trials to determine the efficacy and dosing strategy for treating acutely ill asthmatics with rhDNAse.
Inclusion Criteria: acute asthma FEV1<60% post-standard care age 18-55 years - Exclusion Criteria: other chronic lung illness pregnancy -