Randomised Trial of Structured Treatment Interruption of HAART in HIV-Infected Adults in Abidjan (ANRS 1269 TRIVACAN)
Multicentric Randomised Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of Two Strategies of Structured Treatment Interruption of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Compared With a Continuous HAART in HIV- Infected Adults in Abidjan
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

Interrupting HAART during limited periods of time ("structured treatment interruption : STI") could entail benefits (better long term tolerance, lower drug-induced viral resistance, lower cost) but also concomitant risks (lower efficacy, higher drug-induced viral resistance). At present, the benefit/risk ratio of STI is unclear. Several STI trials are in progress in industrialised countries. This trial aim at assessing the benefits and risks of two different STI strategies in West Africa.
The objective of this study is to assess the non-inferiority of two strategies of structured treatment interruption (STI) of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) compared with a continuous HAART.

It's a multicentric open labeled randomised non-inferiority trial, which takes place in 5 health care centres in Abidjan, the economic capital city of Cote d'Ivoire

The trial was designed in two phases :

Pre-randomisation phase : 840 HAART-naive HIV-infected adults start the following continuous HAART regimen: zidovudine-lamivudine in combination with

preferably efavirenz, for HIV-1 infected men, and HIV-1 infected women with an effective contraception and no history of nevirapine-containing p-MTCT (prevention of mother to child transmission);
ritonavir-indinavir, for HIV-2 infected patients, women not desiring contraception, and women with a past history of p-MTCT with nevirapine.

Trial phase : After at least six months on continuous HAART in the pre-randomisation phase, patients who meet success criteria (CD4 count over 350/mm3, undetectable viral load, absence of current opportunistic infection) are randomised into three arms :

Arm 1: Continuous HAART (1 of 6 patients)
Arm 2: Fixed STI strategy (3 of 6 patients): immutable periods of 2 months on HAART / 4 months off HAART
Arm 3: CD4-guided STI strategy (2 of 6 patients): unlimited interruption of HAART, and then re-introduction/re-interruption guided by the evolution of the CD4 count.

Following the DSMB recommendation, the arm 3 has been discontinued in october 2005. The trial is continuing for patients in the arms 1 and 2.
Study Started
Dec 31
Study Completion
Dec 31
Last Update
Dec 30

Procedure Structured Treatment Interruption

Drug Zidovudine (ZDV)

Drug Lamivudine (3TC)

Drug Efavirenz (EFV)

Drug Ritonavir (NRV)

Drug Indinavir (IDV)


Inclusion Criteria:

Informed consent
18 years old or more
CD4 count between 150 and 350 per mm3 (or CD4 percentage between 12.5 and 20 percent)
no past history of curative antiretroviral therapy
residence in Abidjan

Exclusion Criteria:

severe renal failure
severe hepatic failure
severe neuropsychiatric disease
No Results Posted