TBTC Study 27: Moxifloxacin vs Ethambutol for TB Treatment
TBTC Study 27: An Evaluation of the Activity and Tolerability of Moxifloxacin During the First Two Months of Treatment for Pulmonary Tuberculosis--A Double-Blind, Randomized, Multicenter Study by the Tuberculosis Trials Consortium
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

This study is a placebo-controlled factorial study, randomized to study drug (moxifloxacin vs. ethambutol) and treatment frequency (daily vs. thrice weekly after an initial two weeks of daily therapy) during the first two months of standard treatment (with isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide) for sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.
The primary objective of this Phase II clinical trial is to compare the safety and microbiological activity of a moxifloxacin-containing regimen (isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, moxifloxacin [HRZMoxi]) to a control regimen (isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol [HRZE]) in the first two months of treatment of sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition, the study will evaluate whether intermittent administration (thrice-weekly after the first 2 weeks) of these regimens affects their tolerability and microbiological activity. The assessment of microbiological activity will be sputum culture-conversion. Improved sputum culture conversion after 2 months of treatment with a moxifloxacin-containing regimen would support phase 3 clinical trials of moxifloxacin in treatment regimens of less than the current 6 month standard regimens.
Study Started
Jul 31
Study Completion
Dec 31
Last Update
Mar 19

Drug moxifloxacin (with isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide)


Inclusion Criteria:

Suspected pulmonary tuberculosis with acid-fast bacilli in a stained sputum smear - patients whose sputum cultures do not grow M. tuberculosis and those having an M. tuberculosis isolate resistant to rifampin will be discontinued from the study, but followed for 14 days to detect late toxicities from study therapy. Patients having extra-pulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis, in addition to smear-positive pulmonary disease, are eligible for enrollment.
Willingness to have HIV testing performed, if HIV serostatus is not known or if the last documented negative HIV test was more than 6 months prior to enrollment
7 or fewer days of tuberculosis therapy in the 6 months preceding enrollment
Age > 18 years
Karnofsky score of at least 60
Signed informed consent
Women with child-bearing potential must agree to practice an adequate (barrier) method of birth control or to abstain from heterosexual sex.

Laboratory parameters within 14 days of enrollment:

Serum amino aspartate transferase (AST) activity less than 3 times the upper limit of normal
Serum total bilirubin level less than 2.5 times upper limit of normal
Serum creatinine level less than 2 times upper limit of normal
Hemoglobin level of at least 7.0 g/dL
Platelet count of at least 50,000/mm3
Serum potassium > 3.0 meq/L
Negative pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential)

Exclusion Criteria:

Known intolerance to any of the study drugs
Known allergy to any fluoroquinolone antibiotic
Current or planned therapy during the first 2 months of tuberculosis treatment using drugs having unacceptable interactions with rifampin (rifabutin can be substituted for rifampin during the continuation phase of therapy)
Current or planned antiretroviral therapy during the first 2 months of tuberculosis treatment
History of prolonged QT syndrome or current or planned therapy with quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone, sotalol, or ziprasidone during the first 2 months of tuberculosis treatment.
Pulmonary silicosis
No Results Posted