A Study of Docetaxel Plus Carboplatin in Patients With Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer
A Phase II Study of Docetaxel Plus Carboplatin in Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer Patients Refractory to Prior Docetaxel-based Chemotherapy
  • Phase

    Phase 2
  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Study Participants

The purpose of this study is to look at the effects (good and bad) of the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin for patients who have progressive prostate cancer after chemotherapy with drugs such as docetaxel. The investigators are also studying whether the measurement of two proteins in the blood may predict who will respond to the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin.
Patients will receive both carboplatin and docetaxel. This treatment is given in the outpatient department once every 3 weeks (called one cycle).

One day prior to the day of chemotherapy, patients are given a steroid drug (dexamethasone) to be taken twice a day for 3 days. This helps to decrease the risk of an allergic reaction.

On the day of chemotherapy, both docetaxel and carboplatin will be given through a vein over two to three hours. Docetaxel will be given before carboplatin. In addition, patients receive zofran, an anti-vomiting agent, to try to prevent nausea and vomiting. Study participants are also given a prescription for anti-nausea pills to take at home.

After each cycle of treatment, patients are required to get their bloods checked (between days 8-12 of the cycle). This may be done at an outside laboratory closer to the patient's home.

Treatment will be repeated every three weeks provided the blood tests and physical examination done prior to each treatment are acceptable. If a patient is not able to receive the next scheduled dose of chemotherapy, the doctor will delay the treatment for a week to a maximum of two weeks, beyond which, the patient will be taken off the trial. If there is a delay of more than one week or the study participant has significant side effects, their doctor will decrease the dose of the carboplatin and docetaxel. During the treatment period, doctors may also prescribe medications to treat low red blood cells or low white blood cells.

Before each cycle (every 3 weeks), there will be routine blood tests drawn (about 3 teaspoons) to monitor bone marrow, liver, and kidney functions. These samples will look at two proteins in the blood and may help us predict who will respond to docetaxel and carboplatin. We will also obtain CT scans after every 3 cycles of treatment and at the end of the study. A bone scan will also be done after every 3 cycles if there was evidence of bone involvement on the first bone scan. A bone scan may also be ordered during the study in patients without prior evidence of bone involvement if the doctor suspects that the cancer has now spread to the bone.
Study Started
Jan 31
Primary Completion
Apr 30
Study Completion
Sep 30
Last Update
Dec 09

Drug Docetaxel

Given intravenously over 2-3 hours once every three weeks. Participant can continue to receive treatment as long as there is no disease progression or serious side effects.

Drug Carboplatin

Given intravenously over 2-3 hours once every three weeks. Participant can continue to receive treatment as long as there is no disease progression or serious side effects.


Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
Evidence of metastatic disease
Disease progression following androgen deprivation therapy
Disease progression despite docetaxel-based chemotherapy
Serum testosterone levels less than 50ng/ml (unless surgically castrated). Patients must continue androgen deprivation with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue if they have not undergone orchiectomy.
No use of antiandrogens for at least 4 weeks
Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) performance status less than or equal to 2
Acceptable white blood cell (WBC), platelets, creatinine and AST counts

Exclusion Criteria:

Significant peripheral neuropathy defined as grade 2 or higher
Within 4 weeks since completing external beam radiotherapy or 8 weeks since completing radiopharmaceutical therapy (strontium, samarium)
Prior platinum-based chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin) for hormone- refractory prostate cancer
Concomitant chemotherapy, investigational agents or systemic steroids
No Results Posted