Trastuzumab and Capecitabine in Treating Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer
Phase II Study of Trastuzumab (Herceptin) and Capecitabine (Xeloda) in Women With Taxanes and Anthracyclines Refractory Metastatic Breast Cancer and HER2 Over-Expression
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving trastuzumab together with capecitabine may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving trastuzumab together with capecitabine works in treating women with metastatic breast cancer.
Determine the median survival time and 2-year survival rate in women with taxane- and anthracycline-refractory HER2/neu-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer treated with trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and capecitabine.
Determine the progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
Determine the response rate in patients treated with this regimen.
Determine the clinical benefit rate of this regimen in these patients.
Determine the safety profile of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior treatment with trastuzumab (Herceptin®) (yes vs no), HER2/neu status (3+ by immunohistochemistry vs positive by fluorescence in situ hybridization), and class of refractory disease (primary vs secondary vs treatment discontinuation due to adverse events).
Patients receive oral capecitabine once daily on days 1-21 and trastuzumab IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for up to 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 75 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed breast cancer Metastatic disease Patients with only bone metastases are not eligible Refractory disease, defined as disease progression, drug-related adverse reaction, or disease relapse during or within 12 months after completion of paclitaxel or docetaxel AND doxorubicin or epirubicin administered in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant, or metastatic setting Total neoadjuvant or adjuvant taxane dose > 700 mg/m^2 for paclitaxel or > 240 mg/m^2 for docetaxel Total taxane dose > 350 mg/m^2 for paclitaxel or > 120 mg/m^2 for docetaxel in the metastatic setting Total neoadjuvant or adjuvant anthracycline dose > 240 mg/m^2 for doxorubicin or epirubicin Total anthracycline dose > 120 mg/m^2 for doxorubicin or epirubicin in the metastatic setting HER2/neu overexpression 3+ by immunohistochemistry or positive by fluorescence in situ hybridization No symptomatic brain metastases No pleural or pericardial effusion or ascites Hormone receptor status: Not specified PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age 20 to 75 Sex Female Menopausal status Not specified Performance status ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy At least 3 months Hematopoietic Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL Hepatic SGOT or SGPT ≤ 2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (< 3.0 times ULN for patients with liver metastases) Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL Renal Creatinine ≤ 1.2 mg/dL Cardiovascular LVEF > 50% Pulmonary No interstitial pneumonia with pulmonary fibrosis Other No history of hypersensitivity reactions No serious, uncontrolled infection No other malignancy Not pregnant or nursing PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy Prior trastuzumab (Herceptin®) for metastatic disease allowed Chemotherapy See Disease Characteristics No prior capecitabine At least 2 weeks since prior antimetabolites for metastatic disease At least 4 weeks since prior alkylating agents, carcinostatic antibiotics, or other carcinostatic agents Endocrine therapy At least 4 weeks since prior goserelin or leuprolide for metastatic disease At least 2 weeks since prior oral endocrine agents for metastatic disease No concurrent endocrine therapy Radiotherapy No prior radiotherapy to target lesions At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy, including radiotherapy for brain metastases Surgery Not specified Other Concurrent bisphosphonates for bone metastases allowed